Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
200-755-8
CAS no.:
71-48-7
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C4H6CoO4
SMILES:
[Co++].CC([O-])=O.CC([O-])=O
InChI:
InChI=1S/2C2H4O2.Co/c2*1-2(3)4;/h2*1H3,(H,3,4);/q;;+2/p-2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
25
Of which contain:
7 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP01corr) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause cancer by inhalation, may damage fertility, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is suspected of causing genetic defects, may cause an allergic skin reaction and may cause allergy or asthma symptoms or breathing difficulties if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may cause cancer, may damage fertility or the unborn child, is harmful if swallowed, causes serious eye irritation, is harmful if inhaled and may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure.

Breakdown of all 2598 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Resp. Sens. 1 H334 Harmonised Classification
Muta. 2 H341 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Acute Tox. 4 H332
Carc. 1A H350
STOT RE 2 H373
Resp. Sens. 1B H334
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Skin Sens. 1A H317
Repr. 1A H360
Skin Corr. 1A H314
https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L, Candidate list of SVHCs).
  • C*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.
  • M
Suspected to be Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L, Candidate list of SVHCs).
  • R*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.
  • Ss
Officially recognised in the EU as Skin sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Ss*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.
  • Sr
Officially recognised in the EU as Respiratory sensitising ( Harmonised C&L).
  • Sr*
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Respiratory sensitising (100% of REACH registrations). A majority of data submitters indicating this property of concern indicate that it may relate to an impurity / additive rather than the substance itself.

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 7 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 1 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 - 1 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding) and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal), in the production of articles and formulation of mixtures. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles. This substance can be found in products with material based on: metal (e.g. cutlery, pots, toys, jewellery) and plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, fertilisers and laboratory chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: agriculture, forestry and fishing.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles, transfer of substance into small containers and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use as reactive substance, outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, metal surface treatment products, metals, pH regulators and water treatment products, semiconductors, fertilisers, non-metal-surface treatment products and welding & soldering products. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials, in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following products: metal surface treatment products, polymers, adhesives and sealants, laboratory chemicals and pharmaceuticals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, fabricated metal products and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and in processing aids at industrial sites.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, handling of solid inorganic substances (e.g. ores and raw metal oxides, packaging/mixing/blending and weighing of metal powders), closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), formulation of mixtures, formulation in materials and in the production of articles.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; use only outdoors or in a well-ventilated area; obtain special instructions before use; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid release to the environment; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray; in case of inadequate ventilation wear respiratory protection.

Response statements

In case of incident: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If skin irritation or a rash occurs: get medical advice/attention. If inhaled: if breathing is difficult, remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. Get medical advice/attention if you feel unwell. If inhaled: remove victim to fresh air and keep at rest in a position comfortable for breathing. Collect spillage. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If experiencing respiratory symptoms: call a poison center or doctor/physician. If eye irritation persists get medical advice/attention. Rinse the mouth. If swallowed: call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. If on skin: wash with soap and water. Follow specific treatment (see label).

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Freeport Cobalt Oy, Kobolttiaukio 1 67900 KOKKOLA Finland
  • ICoNiChem Widnes Ltd, Moss Bank Road WA8 0RU Widnes Cheshire United Kingdom
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH TMCI, Stangenstr. 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • Merck KGaA, Frankfurter Strasse 64293 Darmstadt Germany
  • Reactana Katalysatoren und Chemikalien GmbH, Justus-von-Liebig-Str.3 64584 Biebesheim Germany
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 München Germany
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH TCTC, Stangenstr. 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • REACH Only Representative Services GmbH, Paul-Gerhardt-Str. 1 D-52072 Aachen North Rhine-Westphalia Germany
  • SHEPHERD Mirecourt SAS, 275, rue de Lorraine - Juvaincourt BP 47 88502 Mirecourt France

Substance names and other identifiers

Cobalt di(acetate)
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration
Cobalt(II) diacetate
Candidate list
acetat de cobalt (ro)
C&L Inventory
acetato de cobalto (es)
C&L Inventory
acetato di cobalto (it)
C&L Inventory
Aċetat tal-kobalt (mt)
C&L Inventory
cobaltacetat (da)
C&L Inventory
di(acétate) de cobalt (fr)
C&L Inventory
kobalt-acetát (hu)
C&L Inventory
kobalta acetāts (lv)
C&L Inventory
kobaltacetaat (nl)
C&L Inventory
kobalto etanoatas (lt)
C&L Inventory
kobaltov acetat (sl)
C&L Inventory
kobaltov diacetat (hr)
C&L Inventory
koboltacetat (no)
C&L Inventory
Kobolttiasetaatti (fi)
C&L Inventory
koobaltatsetaat (et)
C&L Inventory
octan kobaltnatý (cs)
C&L Inventory
octan kobaltu (II) (pl)
C&L Inventory
οξικό κοβάλτιο (el)
C&L Inventory
кобалтов ацетат (bg)
C&L Inventory
Acetic acid, cobalt(2+) salt (2:1)
Other
Bis(acetato)cobalt
C&L Inventory
cobalt (II) diacetate
C&L Inventory
cobalt (II) ethanoate 4-water
C&L Inventory
cobalt acetate
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
cobalt diacetate
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
cobalt(2+) acetate
C&L Inventory
cobalt(2+) diacetate
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
cobalt(2+);diacetate
Registration dossier
Cobalt(II) acetate tetrahydrate as part of Nickelfluoride-Cobaltacetate-Mix
Registration dossier
Cobalto(II) Acetato 4-hidrato
C&L Inventory
lambda2-cobalt(2+) diacetate
Other
cobalt acetate solution
Registration dossier
cobalt acetate tetrahydrate
Registration dossier
Own trade names: K-10 Powder, K 10-P, K 14-P, PS41-Powder Trade name of producer Nickelfluoride-Cobaltacetate-Mix
Registration dossier
ShapCo Acetate PTA4
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate FG
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PET
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PET1
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PET2
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PET3
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PTA
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PTA1
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PTA2
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate PTA3
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate RG
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate RG1
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate Solution FG
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate solution PTA
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate solution TG1
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate TG
Registration dossier
ShepCo Acetate TG solution
Registration dossier
027-006-00-6
Index number
C&L Inventory
256431-41-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
33327-32-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
6147-53-1
CAS number
C&L Inventory
68279-06-1
Deleted CAS number
Other
71-48-7
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Candidate list, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other
73005-84-2
Deleted CAS number
Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Crystalline (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
140 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
1.7 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [1]
R Relative density
1.757 @ 21.4 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.76

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Water solubility

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
348.04 - 380 g/L @ 20 °C and pH 5.6 - 6.29 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Water solubility
354 g/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
71.14 mN/m @ 1 g/L and 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
71.1 mN/m @ 1 000 mg/L

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flammability

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 5
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Not classified (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (50%), Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (50%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 89 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 36
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 53
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 24 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1 3
Weight of evidence 4 14
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 620 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 2.36 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 370 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 53.8 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 69.8 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 10.9 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 28 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1.1 - 410 mg/L [11]
LC0 (4 days) 368 mg/L [1]
LC100 (4 days) 452 mg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 656.8 - 53 900 µg/L [8]
LOEC (4 days) 1.43 - 88.7 mg/L [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence 1
Other 12 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
1.5 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 22 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (81 days) 2.2 mg/L [5]
NOEC (34 days) 210 - 790 µg/L [3]
NOEC (33 days) 1.02 - 2.14 mg/L [3]
NOEC (28 days) 31.196 mg/L [3]
NOEC (7 days) 76.9 - 3 569.6 µg/L [36]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 9
Weight of evidence
Other 4 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
351.4 µg/L
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine water fish
31.802 mg/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 93 studies submitted
  • 40 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (4 days) 2.827 mg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 2.321 mg/L [1]
EC50 (48 h) 2.618 - 5.89 mg/L [3]
EC50 (24 h) 95 - 6 000 mg/L [2]
LC50 (7 days) 2.24 - 11.7 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 40
Supporting study 14
Weight of evidence
Other 36 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
610 µg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
2.32 mg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.767 months) 334.3 µg/L [1]
NOEC (42 days) 712.9 µg/L [1]
NOEC (30 days) 16.5 - 684.3 µg/L [12]
NOEC (28 days) 6.83 - 3 730 µg/L [9]
NOEC (21 days) 60.8 - 93.3 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 14
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
7.55 µg/L
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for marine invertebrates
206 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 22 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 24.1 µg/L [1]
EC50 (4 days) 71.314 mg/L [1]
EC50 (72 h) 28.8 - 485.7 µg/L [13]
NOEC (7 days) 1.8 µg/L [1]
NOEC (4 days) 4.672 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 7
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 8 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
197 µg/L
EC50 for marine water algae
24.1 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
66.9 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for marine water algae
1.23 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (7 days) 19.29 - 565.3 µg/L [13]
NOEC (7 days) 3 - 32.9 µg/L [13]
LOEC (7 days) 8.24 - 67.9 µg/L [13]
EC10 (7 days) 4.79 - 62.17 µg/L [13]
EC20 (7 days) 8.28 - 108.12 µg/L [12]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater plants
52 - 90.1 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater plants
4.9 - 10.4 µg/L

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (30 min) 120 mg/L [1]
EC10 (30 min) 3.73 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
120 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
3.73 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 469 - 1 786.7 mg/kg sediment dw [6]
NOEC (28 days) 469 - 4 384 mg/kg sediment dw [12]
NOEC (28 days) 9.84 - 23.56 mg/L [6]
NOEC (10 days) 48.9 - 3 790 mg/kg sediment dw [39]
LOEC (42 days) 469 - 3 693.3 mg/kg sediment dw [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other 4 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater sediment
1 703 mg/kg sediment dw
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater sediment
698 mg/kg sediment dw

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 868 - 1 091 mg/kg soil dw [2]
NOEC (28 days) 163 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (42 days) 51.5 - 145.4 mg/kg soil dw [4]
EC10 (28 days) 54.8 - 426 mg/kg soil dw [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 100 - 1 000 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (28 days) 14.3 - 754 mg/kg soil dw [12]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 14 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 9 - 34 mg/kg soil dw [3]
NOEC (4 days) 180 mg/kg soil dw [2]
EC10 (21 days) 8 - 617 mg/kg soil dw [39]
EC10 (14 days) 2.9 - 74.9 mg/kg soil dw [25]
EC10 (4 days) 13 - 255 mg/kg soil dw [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 13
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 120 mg/kg soil dw [1]
NOEC (24 h) 80 mg/kg soil dw [1]
EC10 (28 days) 36 - 4 685 mg/kg soil dw [8]
EC10 (7 days) 22 - 695 mg/kg soil dw [9]
EC10 (24 h) 6 - 602 mg/kg soil dw [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Long-term EC10 / LC10 / NOEC
50 mg/kg food

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (3.733 months) 200 mg/kg diet [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 120.2 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 18.9 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: Medium hazard (no threshold derived)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 89.5 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Low hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 56 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 5 3
Supporting study 43
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 168 - 819 mg/kg bw (rat) [6]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 3 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
dermal
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [3]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [3]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
other routes
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 708 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 3 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 15
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 13 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 10
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 54 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 41
Other 10
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 12
Other 4 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 11 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 16 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 13
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant