Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
202-805-4
CAS no.:
99-97-8
Index number:
612-056-00-9
Molecular formula:
C9H13N
SMILES:
CN(C)C1=CC=C(C)C=C1
InChI:
InChI=1S/C9H13N/c1-8-4-6-9(7-5-8)10(2)3/h4-7H,1-3H3
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
5
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is toxic if swallowed, is toxic in contact with skin, is toxic if inhaled, may cause damage to organs through prolonged or repeated exposure and is harmful to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is fatal if inhaled, may cause cancer, is suspected of damaging fertility or the unborn child and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Breakdown of all 526 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

STOT RE 2 H373 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H301 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H311 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H331 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Carc. 2 H351
Acute Tox. 2 H330
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Carc. 1B H350
Repr. 2 H361
Skin Sens. 1 H317
STOT SE 1 H370
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

At least one notifier has indicated that an impurity or an additive present in the substance impacts the notified classification.

Properties of concern

  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (88.89% of REACH registrations).
  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (88.89% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 8 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Seveso Annex I:
Industrial accident prevention and reporting requirements have been established for this substance.
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 100 to < 1 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing and at industrial sites.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines). This substance can be found in products with material based on: stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic (e.g. dishes, pots/pans, food storage containers, construction and isolation material), plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones) and fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products, leather treatment products, adhesives and sealants, coating products, laboratory chemicals, washing & cleaning products and textile treatment products and dyes.

This substance is used in the following areas: health services and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: textile, leather or fur and .

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes and roller or brushing applications.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, coating products, polymers, laboratory chemicals and pharmaceuticals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants, textile treatment products and dyes, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, polymers, pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: health services, scientific research and development and building & construction work. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and as processing aid.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ACETO GmbH, Hans-Henny-Jahnn-Weg 53 22085 Hamburg Germany
  • Avison Chemical GmbH, Elisabethstr. 40 40217 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Global Product Compliance (Europe) AB, IDEON, Beta 5, Scheelevägen 17 22363 Lund Sweden
  • ITW Performance Polymers, A Division of ITW Ireland, Bay 150 Shannon Industrial Estate V14 DF82 Shannon Co. Clare Ireland
  • Nouryon Chemicals SPA, Via Vincenzo Gioberti 1 20123 Milano Milano Italy
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • Sigma-Aldrich Ireland Ltd, Vale Road . Arklow Co. Wicklow Ireland
  • Sigma-Aldrich Company Limited, The Old Brickyard, New Road SP8 4XT Gillingham United Kingdom

Substance names and other identifiers

Benzenamine, N,N,4-trimethyl-
Other
Dimethyl-4-toluidine
Other
Dimethyl-p-toluidine
Other
Dimetil-p-toluidina
Other
N,N,4-Trimethylbenzenamine
Other
N,N-Dimethyl-4-methylaniline
Other
N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine
C&L Inventory, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work
N,N-Dimethyl-p-tolylamine
Other
p,N,N-Trimethylaniline
Other
p-(Dimethylamino)toluene
Other
p-Methyl-N,N-dimethylaniline
Other
p-Toluidine, N,N-dimethyl-
Other
<I>N,N</I>-dimetil-p-toluidin (hr)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidin (cs)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidin (da)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidin (de)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimethyl-p-toluïdine (nl)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidin (hu)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidin (1) (sl)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidina (es)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidina (it)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidina (pt)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidina (ro)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidinas (lt)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetil-p-toluidīns (lv)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetyl-p-toluidin (no)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetyl-p-toluidin (sv)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetyl-para-toluidín (sk)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetylo-p-toluidyna (pl)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetyyli-p-toluidiini (fi)
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimetüül-p-toluidiin (et)
C&L Inventory
N,N-diméthyl-p-toluidine; (fr)
C&L Inventory
N,N-διμεθυλο-p-τολουιδίνη (el)
C&L Inventory
N,N-димeтил-p-толуидин (bg)
C&L Inventory
Benzenamine, N,N,4-trimethyl-
Other
4,N,N-Trimethylaniline, 4-Dimethylaminotoluene
Registration dossier
4-Dimethylaminotoluene
Registration dossier
Benzenamine, N,N,4-trimethyl-
C&L Inventory
Dimethyl-p-toluidine, N,N,4-Trimethylaniline, N,N,4-Trimethylbenzenamine
Registration dossier
N,N,4-trimethylaniline
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
N,N,4-Trimethylbenzenamine
C&L Inventory
N,N-4-trimethylaniline
C&L Inventory
N,N-Dimethyl-p-toluidin
C&L Inventory
N,N-DIMETHYL-P-TOLUIDINE
C&L Inventory
N,N-dimethyl-p-toluidine
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
N.N-4-trimethylaniline
C&L Inventory
N.N-Dimethyl-p-toluidine
C&L Inventory
p-(Dimethylamino)toluene
C&L Inventory
Accelerator NL-65
Registration dossier
129899-34-9
CAS number
Other
129899-34-9
Deleted CAS number
Other
612-056-00-9
Index number
C&L Inventory
99-97-8
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, CAD - Chemical Agents Directive, Art. 2(b)(i) - Hazardous Agents, Construction Product Regulation - Annex I (3) - Hazardous Substances, Construction Product Regulation - Art. 6(5) - SDS and Declaration, EU Ecolabels - Restrictions for Hazardous Substances/Mixtures, End-of-Life Vehicles Directive - Hazardous Substances, Active Implantable Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, In Vitro Diagnostic Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Marine Environmental Policy Framework Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Directive - Hazardous Substances, Medical Devices Regulation - Hazardous Substances, Pressure Equipment Directive - Group 1 Fluids Hazardous Substances, General Product Safety Directive - Hazardous Substances, Workplace Signs - minimum requirements & signs on containers and pipes, Safety and Health of Workers at Work Directive - Hazardous Substances, Waste Framework Directive, Annex III - Waste - Hazardous Properties, Physical, Biological and Chemical Agents & Processes and Work

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [2]
C Form
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Other (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)
Form
Liquid (100%)
Colour
brown (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-15 - -10.56 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-15 - -10.56 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
211.2 °C @ 96.5 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
211.2 - 221.7 °C

Density

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Bulk density
0.88 g/cm³ @ 35 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.502

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
23.731 - 25.465 Pa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
23.73 - 25.464 Pa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Log Pow
1.729 - 2.81 @ 35 °C and pH 5.6 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
1.729 - 2.81 @ 35 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
650 mg/L @ 37 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
1 - 650 000 µg/L @ 25 - 37 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Methanol
120 g/L @ 35 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Solubility in organic solvents at 20 °C
68.571 g/L

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Surface tension at 20 °C
33.97 - 34 mN/m

Flash point

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Flash point
87 °C @ 96.5 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
87 - 91.35 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Not classified (50%), Non flammable (50%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oxidising
Yes (50%), Non oxidising (50%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
0.055 - 0.055 @ 35 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
14.4 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (50%), Readily biodegradable (25%), Not readily biodegradable (25%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (50%), Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (50%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Half-life in freshwater
37.5 - 38 days @ 25 °C
Half-life in freshwater sediment
11.25 - 18 months @ 25 °C

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Half-life in soil
75 days @ 25 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
33

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Koc
44 - 260 dimensionless @ 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
100.96 - 260

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
9 580 Pa m³/mol @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
9 580 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 25 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 152.59 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 152.59 µg/L (1)
Marine water 15.259 µg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 4.286 mg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) 45.378 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Sediment (marine water) 45.378 mg/kg sediment dw (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 18.677 mg/kg soil dw (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 46 - 78.62 mg/L [3]
LC0 (4 days) 56.12 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 8 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (14 days) 24.892 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 8.48 - 13.7 mg/L [2]
LC50 (48 h) 15.259 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 23.69 - 35.65 mg/L [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 3 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
23.69 - 24.37 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 100 mg/L [1]
EC0 (16 h) 29 mg/L [1]
EC0 (16 min) 14.5 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
42.86 - 100 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 128 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 624 µg/kg bw/day effect on fertility
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 22.7 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 223 µg/kg bw/day effect on fertility
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 20 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 1 300 - 1 950 mg/kg bw (rat) [4]
LD50 139 mg/kg bw (mouse) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 4 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 1.4 mg/L air (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 2 based on GHS criteria [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rabbit) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 139 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 1.4 mg/L air
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: eye
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LOAEL (rat): 6 mg/kg bw/day [1]
LOEL (rat): 201.786 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 6 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LOEL (rat): 67.284 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received) [1]
NOAEC (rat): 19.1 mg/m³ air [1]
NOAEC (rat): 5.6 ppm [1]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons. 1
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 6 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 19.1 mg/m³ (subacute, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4 1
Supporting study 3 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: in vivo
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Toxicity - InVitro
Adverse effect observed (positive)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 6 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 44.6 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 30 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant