Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

  • EC / List name: Hydrazine
  • IUPAC name: hydrazine
  • Other names
EC / List no.:
206-114-9
CAS no.:
302-01-2
Index number:
007-008-00-3
Molecular formula:
H4N2
SMILES:
NN
InChI:
InChI=1S/H4N2/c1-2/h1-2H2
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Inorganic
Registered compositions:
13
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (CLP00) approved by the European Union, this substance is toxic if swallowed, is toxic in contact with skin, causes severe skin burns and eye damage, is toxic if inhaled, may cause cancer, is very toxic to aquatic life, is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is a flammable liquid and vapour and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance is fatal if inhaled.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is fatal in contact with skin and causes serious eye damage.

Breakdown of all 896 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Acute Tox. 3 H301 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400 Harmonised Classification
Flam. Liq. 3 H226 Harmonised Classification
Skin Corr. 1B H314 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1B H350 Harmonised Classification
Skin Sens. 1 H317 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 3 H311 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 2 H330
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Acute Tox. 3 H331 Harmonised Classification
Acute Tox. 2 H310
STOT SE 1 H370
STOT RE 1 H372
Skin Sens. 1A H317
https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/more.png 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
  • Ss

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 14 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 1 000 - 10 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: of articles where the substances are not intended to be released and where the conditions of use do not promote release and formulation of mixtures.

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: vehicles, machinery, mechanical appliances and electrical/electronic products (e.g. computers, cameras, lamps, refrigerators, washing machines) and vehicles not covered by End of Life Vehicles (ELV) directive (e.g. boats, trains, metro or planes).

This substance is used in the following products: pH regulators and water treatment products and laboratory chemicals.

This substance is used in the following areas: health services and scientific research and development.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers and laboratory work.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, water treatment chemicals, fuels, pH regulators and water treatment products and polymers. This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: municipal supply (e.g. electricity, steam, gas, water) and sewage treatment and scientific research and development. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, metals and plastic products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), as processing aid and of substances in closed systems with minimal release.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ArianeGroup GmbH, ROBERT KOCH STRASSE 1 82024 TAUFKIRCHEN Bavaria Germany
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Solutions Limited, 27 Old Gloucester Street WC1N 3AX London United Kingdom
  • Covestro Deutschland AG, Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 60 51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • EGIS Pharmaceuticals PLC, Keresztúri út 30-38 H-1106 Budapest Hungary
  • GHC Gerling, Holz & Co. Handels GmbH, Ruhrstraße 113 22761 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • Gras-Chem Polska Sp. z o.o., Kosodrzewiny 1 05-500 Piaseczno Poland
  • Lanxess Deutschland GmbH, Kennedyplatz 1 50569 Köln Germany
  • RSI ChemRep Europe Ltd (K006), 27-30 Merchants Quay Merchants House 8 Dublin Ireland
  • RSI ChemRep Europe Ltd (O001), 27-30 Merchants Quay Merchants House 8 Dublin Ireland
  • Saltigo GmbH, HSEQ-RA Kaiser-Wilhelm-Allee 40 D-51373 Leverkusen Germany
  • SIGMA-ALDRICH CHEMIE GMBH, Riedstrasse 2 89555 Steinheim Germany
  • Infineum Italia, Strada di Scorrimento 2 17047 Vado Ligure (SV) Italy

Other names

  • -
  • diamine
  • Hydrazin
  • HYDRAZINE
  • hydrazine monohydrate
  • diazan
  • hydrazine anhydride (for waterfree hydrazine)
  • hydrazine base
  • hydrazine hydrate (for N2H4 x H2O)
  • hydrazine, anhydrous

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Form
Other (100%) [1]
C Odour
Ammonia-like (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)
Form
Liquid (100%)
Colour
colourless (100%)
Colour Intensity
transparent (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
-51.7 - 2 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
2 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Boiling point
113.5 - 120.5 °C @ 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
113.5 °C

Density

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
1 - 1.03 g/cm³ @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.004

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
12 - 19.2 hPa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 1
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
19.2 hPa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Log Pow
-0.16 @ 25 °C and pH 7 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
-0.16 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
38 °C @ 101.3 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
38 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
24 - 290 °C @ 100.1 - 101.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non-explosive (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Dissociating properties
Yes (100%) [1]
R Dissociation constant
6.05 @ 25 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
pKa at 20 °C
6.05

Viscosity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
0.913 - 1.5 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
0.913 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Dissipation half life (DT50)
6.3 h [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
6.3 h
Degradation rate constant with OH radicals
0 cm³ molecule-1 d-1

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life for hydrolysis
24 h @ 20 °C

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Inherently biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Inherently biodegradable, fulfilling specific criteria (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0.06 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 600 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 170 ng/L (1)
Marine water 60 ng/L (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 55 µg/L (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 610 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 6
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
610 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 160 - 190 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
175 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 10 - 123 µg/L [2]
LOEC (21 days) 31 - 662 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
10 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (48 h) 10 - 17 µg/L [2]
NOEC (48 h) 6 µg/L [2]
EC10 (48 h) 8 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
17 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
6 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 5.5 - 8.6 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other 3
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for microorganisms
5.5 mg/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 10
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Local Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
Acute /short term: Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)
EYE Exposure
Hazard unknown (no further information necessary as no exposure expected)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 14 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 3 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 165 - 262 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 3 based on GHS criteria [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 h) 570 ppm (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Category 2 based on GHS criteria [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4 5
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LD50 108 mg/kg bw
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LC50 759 mg/m³

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (corrosive)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
Adverse effect observed (irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 3 mg/kg bw/day [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 5
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 1.92 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, rat)
Inhalation route - local effects:
Adverse effect observed LOAEC 66 µg/m³ (chronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 56 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 48 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other 8
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
Adverse effect observed (positive)
Toxicity - InVivo
Adverse effect observed (positive)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 19 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other 15 1
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 3 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEC 66 µg/m³ (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: other studies
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 1
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant