Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
215-609-9
CAS no.:
1333-86-4
Index number:
Molecular formula:
C
SMILES:
[C]
InChI:
InChI=1S/C
Type of substance:
Mono constituent substance
Origin:
Element
Registered compositions:
92
Of which contain:
20 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Breakdown of all 3948 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

Nanomaterial form

Substance is known to be on the EEA market in nanomaterial form, as indicated in the REACH registered substance factsheet(s), and as listed in the EUON Nanomaterials in the EU market list.

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 165 active registrations under REACH, 2 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Substance included in the Community Rolling Action Plan (CoRAP).
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:
Nanomaterials in the EU Market

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 1 000 000 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: inks and toners, adhesives and sealants, coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, textile treatment products and dyes, finger paints, lubricants and greases and cosmetics and personal care products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: of articles where the substances are not intended to be released and where the conditions of use do not promote release and industrial abrasion processing with low release rate (e.g. cutting of textile, cutting, machining or grinding of metal). Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in complex articles, with no release intended: Vehicles (e.g. personal vehicles, delivery vans, boats, trains, metro or planes)).

This substance is used in the following products: laboratory chemicals, coating products, inks and toners, adhesives and sealants and fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, plastic products, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), metals and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and transfer of substance into small containers.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: paper chemicals and dyes, leather treatment products, textile treatment products and dyes, inks and toners, polymers and coating products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials.

This substance is used in the following products: polymers, adhesives and sealants, coating products and inks and toners.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, metals, mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement), plastic products and rubber products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, transfer of substance into small containers, mixing in open batch processes, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in the production of articles, as processing aid and as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work, manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery and closed processes with no likelihood of exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

ECHA has no data from registration dossiers on the precautionary measures for using this substance. Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • "MAKROCHEM" S.A., ul. M. Rapackiego 2 20-150 Lublin Poland
  • 3M Belgium BVBA/SPRL, Hermeslaan 7 1831 Diegem Belgium
  • A.Schulman GmbH, Hüttenstrasse, 211 D 50170 Kerpen Germany
  • ACM GmbH, Industriestraße 1, B310 77731 Willstätt Germany
  • Adriaanse Import & Export, Adriaan Mulderweg 9-11 5657 EM Eindhoven Netherlands
  • AGC Chemicals Europe, Ltd., Zuidplein 80 1077XV Amsterdam Netherlands
  • ARKEMA FRANCE, 420 rue d'Estienne d'Orves 92700 COLOMBES France
  • BASF SE, Carl-Bosch-Str. 38 67056 Ludwigshafen am Rhein Rheinland-Pfalz Germany
  • BCS Only Representative Services Ltd, Pembroke House 30 Upper Pembroke Street Dublin 2 Dublin Ireland
  • BIOKIMICA SPA, VIA DEI CONCIATORI, 44 56029 SANTA CROCE SULL'ARNO (PI) Italy
  • Birla Carbon Hungary Ltd., P.O.B. 61 H - 3581 Tiszaujvaros Hungary
  • Birla Carbon Italy S.R.L., Via San Cassiano 140 I - 28069 San Martino di Trecate Novara Italy
  • Birla Carbon Spain, S.L.U., Carretera de Gajano a Pontejos, s/n Apartado 283 ES - 39792 Gajano Cantabria Spain
  • BKT Europe SRL, Viale Della Repubblica, 133 20831 Seregno Italy
  • Borealis AG, Wagramerstrasse 17-19 1220 Vienna Austria
  • Borealis AG, Wagramerstrasse 17-19 1220 Wien Austria
  • Cabot BV, Botlekstraat 2 3197 KA Botlek Netherlands
  • Cabot Carbone SAS, Route departementale 173 BP 90024 76170 Lillebonne France
  • Cabot Italiana SpA, via Baiona 190 48100 Ravenna Italy
  • Cabot Performance Materials Belgium SPRL, rue Prévochamps, 78 4860 Pepinster Belgium
  • CC Holdco OR 1, 15, rue Edward Steichen L-2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CC Holdco OR 2, 15, RUE EDWARD STEICHEN L - 2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CC Holdco OR 3, 15, RUE EDWARD STEICHEN L - 2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CC Holdco OR 4, 15, RUE EDWARD STEICHEN L - 2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CC Holdco OR 5, 15, RUE EDWARD STEICHEN L - 2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CC Holdco OR 7, 15, Rue Edward Steichen L-2540 Luxembourg Luxembourg
  • CCD (Germany) GmbH, Berliner Allee 55 40212 Düsseldorf Germany
  • Celanese Europe BV, The New Atrium Strawinskylaan 3105 1077 ZX Amsterdam Netherlands
  • Charles River Laboratories Den Bosch B.V. OR46, Hambakenwetering 7 5231 DD 's-Hertogenbosch Netherlands
  • Charles River Laboratories Den Bosch B.V. OR61, Hambakenwetering 7 5231 DD 's-Hertogenbosch Netherlands
  • Charles River Laboratories Den Bosch B.V. OR66, Hambakenwetering 7 5231 DD 's-Hertogenbosch Netherlands
  • Chem-Trend (Deutschland) GmbH, Ganghoferstr. 47 82216 Maisach-Gernlinden Germany
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Block 4, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Inspection & Regulation Service Limited, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre HW77 D02 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED(Shanxi Lixin Chemical Co., LTD .), Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • Chemical Worldwide Business S.A., Poznańska 41 62-400 Słupca Poland
  • CHIMET s.r.o., tr. Spojencu 22 77900 Olomouc Czech Republic
  • CIE SpA, Palladio 20 20010 Cornaredo Milan Italy
  • Clariant SE - MX02, Am Unisyspark 1 65843 Sulzbach am Taunus Germany
  • Colorants Solutions Deutschland GmbH, Brüningstrasse 50 65929 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Colorex Italia Srl, Via Procche, 23 36030 Zugliano (VI) Italy
  • Colorex S.r.l., via Procche 23 36030 Zugliano Italy
  • Columbian Carbon Deutschland GmbH, Kreisstrasse 20 D - 30629 Hannover Misburg Germany
  • Continental Carbon Company Europe SPRL, Rue de Genval, 20 1301 Bierges Belgium
  • Covance Clinical Development SA 023, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 - 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • Covance Clinical Development SA 155, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edifico 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 - 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • COVANCE CLINICAL DEVELOPMENT SA 156, Parque Empresarial Las Tablas, Edificio 1 Calle Federico Mompou, 5 – 5 Planta 28050 Madrid Spain
  • CS Cabot spol sro, Masarykova 753 75727 Valasske Mezirici Czech Republic
  • Denka Chemicals GmbH, Kaiserswerther Str. 183 40474 Dusseldorf Germany
  • Denka Chemicals GmbH, Kaiserswerther Str. 183 40474 Dusseldorf Germany Germany
  • Dow Belgium B.V.B.A., Grotesteenweg 214 B-2600 Antwerpen (Berchem) Belgium Belgium
  • DOW BENELUX B.V. - OR2, Postbus 48 4530 AA Terneuzen Netherlands
  • Dow Silicones Belgium SPRL, Rue Jules Bordet Zone industrielle C 7180 Seneffe Belgium
  • Dow Silicones Deutschland GmbH, PSRC - Rheingaustrasse 65201 Wiesbaden Germany
  • Du Pont de Nemours (Deutschland) GmbH, Hugenottenallee 175 D-63263 Neu-Isenburg Hesse Germany
  • DYNIC CZ, Na okraji 335/42 162 00 Praha 6 PRAHA Czech Republic
  • DyStar Colours Distribution GmbH, Am Prime-Parc 12 65479 Raunheim Germany
  • Efremov Kautschuk Gmbh, Mergenthalerallee 10-12 65760 Eschborn Germany
  • Evonik Operations GmbH, Rellinghauser Straße 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • Evonik Operations GmbH - ME01, Rellinghauser Straße 1-11 45128 Essen Germany
  • ExponentOR30IRE, Block 1, Blanchardstown Corporate Park D15 AKK1 Dublin Ireland
  • Fermintrade Spolka z Ograniczona Odpowiedzialnosci Sp.K, Kilinskiego 1 63-500 Konin Wielkopolska Poland
  • G.B.I.E. GmbH, Beethovenplatz 1 - 3 60325 Frankfurt/Main Hessen Germany
  • GAZPROM MARKETING AND TRADING FRANCE 24, 68 avenue des Champs Elysées 75008 PARIS France
  • H.C. Starck Tungsten GmbH, Landsberger Str. 98 80339 München Germany
  • Henkel Global Supply Chain B.V., Gustav Mahlerlaan 2970 1081 LA Amsterdam Netherlands
  • HH Compliance Ltd., Rubicon Building, CIT Campus Bishopstown none Cork Ireland
  • HP Deutschland GmbH, Schickardstrasse 32 71034 Boeblingen Germany
  • HP Europe B.V., Krijgsman 75 1186 DR Amstelveen Netherlands
  • HP Indigo B.V., Krijgsman 75 1186 DR Amstelveen The Netherlands Netherlands
  • HP Printing and Computing Solutions S.L., calle de José Echegaray 18 28232 Las Rozas de Madrid (Madrid) Spain
  • IMERYS GRAPHITE & CARBON BELGIUM, Brownfieldlaan 19 BE-2830 Willebroek Belgium
  • INDUSTRIAL QUIMICA RIOJANA S.A., Carretera de Lodosa s/n 26510 Pradejón La Rioja Spain
  • Intertek Deutschland GmbH IGLT, Stangenstr. 1 70771 Leinfelden-Echterdingen Germany
  • INTERTEK FRANCE, ZAC Ecoparc II 27400 HEUDEBOUVILLE France
  • Kobelco Welding of Europe B.V., Eisterweg 8 6422 PN Heerlen Netherlands
  • Kommanditgesellschaft Deutsche Gasrußwerke GmbH & Co., Weidenstr. 70 - 72 44147 Dortmund Germany
  • Konimpex Sp. z o.o., Mickiewicza 24 62-500 Konin Poland
  • Lehmann & Voss & Co. KG, Alsterufer 19 20354 Hamburg Hamburg Germany
  • LEHVOSS France S.A.R.L., No RCS Dreux B 387 704 869 Parc d'entreprises la Radio, Batiment A, Route de Paris 28104 Dreux France
  • LEHVOSS ITALIA S.R.L., VIA BORGOGNA 2 20122 MILANO Italy
  • LISAM TELEGIS, Parc d'activités de Noyon-Passel 17 rue de la Couture 60400 PASSEL France
  • Luxcontrol S.A. (OR12), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges 4004 Esch-sur-Alzette Luxembourg
  • Luxcontrol S.A. (OR18), 1, Avenue des Terres Rouges - 4004 Esch-sur-Alzette - Luxembourg
  • Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin, Place des Carmes Déchaux 63040 Clermont-Ferrand Puy de Dôme France
  • Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin (OR CAN), Place des Carmes Déchaux 63040 Clermont Ferrand France
  • Manufacture Française des Pneumatiques Michelin (OR US), Place des Carmes Déchaux 63040 Clemront Ferrand France
  • MFPM Only Representative pour Michelin India Tamilnadu Tyres Private Limited, Place des Carmes Déchaux Site de Ladoux - Batiment G22 63040 Clermont-Ferrand France
  • MHM Holding GmbH, Feldkirchener Straße 15 D-85551 Kirchheim Germany
  • Michelin España Portugal, S.A., Avenida de los Encuartes, 19 28760 Tres Cantos (Madrid) Spain
  • Michelin Polska Sp. z o.o., ul. Leonharda 9 10-454 Olsztyn Poland
  • Michelin Reifenwerke AG & Co. Kommanditgesellschaft auf Aktien, Michelinstrasse 4 76185 Karlsruhe Germany
  • Milliken Europe B.V., Ham 18-24 9000 Gent Belgium
  • Momentive Performance Materials GmbH, Chempark Building V7 51368 Leverkusen NRW Germany
  • Newpark Drilling Fluids S.p.A., Via Salaria 1313/C 00138 ROMA Italy
  • Norcarb Engineered Carbons AB, Kusthamnsgatan 1 21124 Malmö Sweden
  • Nouryon Functional Chemicals B.V., Velperweg 76 6824 BM Arnhem Netherlands
  • Only representative (No publishable name), null
  • Orion Engineered Carbon GmbH_OR-Q, Hahnstrasse 49 60528 Frankfurt Germany
  • Orion Engineered Carbons GmbH, Hahnstraße 49 60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Orion Engineered Carbons OR6, Hahnstrasse 49 60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Orion Engineered Carbons OR7, Hahnstraße 49 60528 Frankfurt an Main Germany
  • Orion Engineered Carbons s.r.l., Via Largo Guido Donegani nr. 2 20121 Milano (MI) Italy
  • Orion Engineered Carbons SAS, Route Départementale 21F CS80098 13130 Berre l Etang France
  • Orion Engineered Carbons Sp.zo.o., ul. 3 Maja 83 38-200 Jaslo Poland
  • Orion Engineered Carbons_OR19, Hahnstraße 49 60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • Orion Engineered Carbons_OR5, Hahnstrasse 49 60528 Frankfurt am Main Germany
  • ORLEN Unipetrol RPA s.r.o., Litvinov - Zaluzi 1 43670 Litvinov Czech Republic
  • Panasonic Industrial Devices Slovakia s.r.o., Oravicka 616 02801 Trstena Slovakia
  • Planimpex GmbH, Uhlenhoster Weg 21 22085 Hamburg Germany
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR1, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR2, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. - OR3, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Europe B.V. in its legal capacity as Only Representative of PRC DeSoto International Inc. - OR5, Amsterdamseweg 14 1422 AD Uithoorn Netherlands
  • PPG Industries Italia Srl Società soggetta a direzione e coordinamento da parte di PPG Industries Inc., Via Serra, 1 15028 Quattordio Italy
  • REACH COMPLIANCE SERVICES LIMITED, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH COMPLIANCE SERVICES LIMITED, 306 The Capel Building, Mary's Abbey, Dublin 7, Ireland Dublin 7 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Suite 1E, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin 18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACH24H CONSULTING GROUP, Paramount Court, Corrig Road, Sandyford Dublin18 Dublin Ireland
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • REGARTIS s.r.o., Rubeška 393/7 19000 Prague Czech Republic
  • SABIC Innovative Plastics BV, Plasticslaan 1 4612 PX Bergen op Zoom Netherlands Netherlands
  • SABIC Petrochemicals B.V., Europaboulevard 1 6135 LD Sittard Limburg Netherlands
  • SAINT-GOBAIN PERFORMANCE PLASTICS IRELAND, Kilrush Business Park Cooraclare Road V15NW27 Kilrush County Clare Ireland
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Machelen Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V.141, Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V.157, Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SGS EWACS NV 25, Haven 1091 Keetberglaan 4 9120 Melsele Belgium
  • SHPP B.V., Plasticslaan 1 4612PX Bergen op Zoom Netherlands
  • Società per Azioni Michelin Italiana, Corso Romania n. 546 10156 Torino Italy
  • Solvay Specialty Polymers Italy S.p.A., Viale Lombardia 20 20021 BOLLATE Italy
  • Sun Chemical B.V., Leeuwenveldseweg 3-t 1382 LV Weesp Netherlands
  • Techuglerod Kft, Pauler utca 12 1013 Budapest Hungary
  • Teknor Apex BV, Mijnweg 1 Mijnweg 1, (P.O.Box 601, 6160 AP) 6167AC Geleen Please select Netherlands
  • Treibacher Industrie AG, Auer-von-Welsbach-Straße 1 9330 Althofen Carinthia Austria
  • Tyco Electronics Raychem GmbH, Finsinger Feld 1 85521 Ottobrunn Bayern Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (029), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (030), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (060), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • TÜV SÜD Iberia S.A.U. (063), Ronda Can Fatjó 13 08290 Cerdanyola del Vallès Barcelona Spain
  • Umicore NV/SA, Rue du Marais 31 1000 Brussels Belgium
  • Valspar b.v., Zuiveringweg 89 8243 PE Lelystad Netherlands
  • Venator Pigments GmbH & Co. KG, Mühlstraße 118 65396 Walluf Germany
  • WORLD ELASTOMERS TRADE, cirers nº8 08811 Canyelles Barcelona Spain
  • Xerox (Europe) Limited, Ballycoolin Business Park Blanchardstown Dublin 15 Dublin Ireland
  • Xerox Manufacturing (Nederland) BV, Maasheseweg 89-91 5804 AB Venray Limburg Netherlands
  • [Confidential], [Confidential]
  • Arcerion GmbH, Gabrielenstr. 15 80636 Muenchen Germany
  • Carbogal Engineered Carbons, S.A., Av. Fontes Pereira de Melo, 3 - 9º D 1050-115 LISBOA Portugal
  • CHEMICAL INSPECTION & REGULATION SERVICE LIMITED, Room 002, Regus Harcourt Centre D02 HW77 Dublin Ireland
  • DSM Engineering Materials B.V., Urmonderbaan 22 6167RD Geleen Netherlands
  • Du Pont (U.K.) Limited, London Road 4th Floor, Kings Court SG1 2NG Stevenage Hertfordshire United Kingdom
  • Evonik Carbon Black Nederland B.V., Rodenbacher Chaussee 63457 Hanau Germany
  • Evonik Italia S.r.l., Via Falconera, 7 26025 Pandino (CR) Italy
  • HP Production Company Limited, Barnhall Road Liffey Park Technology Campus . Leixlip Co.Kildare Ireland
  • ITS Testing Services (UK) Ltd 39, Caleb Brett House 734 London Road RM20 3NL West Thurrock, Grays Essex United Kingdom
  • LEHVOSS UK Limited, 40 Holmes Chapel Road Cheshire CW12 4NG Congleton United Kingdom
  • Only representative (No publishable name), null
  • Orion Engineered Carbons S.A.S., Lieu-Dit Saint Vincent 33810 Ambès France
  • YOKOHAMA INDUSTRIAL PRODUCTS ITALY S.R.L., Località Tamarete, SNC 66026 Ortona (CH) Italy

Substance names and other identifiers

black carbon
Atmospheric Pollutants Directive, Annex I - Annual Emission Reporting
Carbon black
EC Inventory, Substance Evaluation - CoRAP, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex IV - Allowed Colorants, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, FCMs Recycled Plastic & Articles Regulation - Annex I - Authorised Use
Carbon black
Substance Evaluation - CoRAP, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex IV - Allowed Colorants, Annex of Approved Active Substances for Plant Protection Products, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, FCMs Recycled Plastic & Articles Regulation - Annex I - Authorised Use
Carbon black
Other
acetylene black
C&L Inventory
Acetylene Black DENKA
Registration dossier
Acetylene Black DSPL
Registration dossier
Amorpher Kohlenstoff
C&L Inventory
C.I. Pigment Black 7
C&L Inventory
C.I. Pigment Black 7
Registration dossier
CARBON
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, Other
CARBON BLACK
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
CARBON BLACK
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Carbon Black amorphous
C&L Inventory
Carbon Black, amorphous
C&L Inventory
Carbon black, lamp
C&L Inventory
Carbon Black,amorphous
C&L Inventory
Carbon black; Acetylene black
C&L Inventory
Colloid carbon
C&L Inventory
Lampblack
C&L Inventory
Methane
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
N/A
C&L Inventory
Rockport
Registration dossier
Saze (C.I. PIGMENT BLACK 7)
C&L Inventory
ACETYLENE BLACK
Registration dossier
Addipast
Registration dossier
Arosperse
Registration dossier
Black Pearls
Registration dossier
Bleumina
Registration dossier
butyl reclaimed rubber
Registration dossier
Carbocolor ®
Registration dossier
Carbocolor ® Powder
Registration dossier
Carbofin
Registration dossier
CARBON BLACK
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Carbon Black BV and V
Registration dossier
Carbon Black-Grade N-326
Registration dossier
CD
Registration dossier
Chezacarb
Registration dossier
CI 77266
Registration dossier
CI Pigment Black 6
Registration dossier
CI Pigment Black 7
Registration dossier
CK3
Registration dossier
Conductex®
Registration dossier
CONTINENTAL CARBON
Registration dossier
CONTINEX
Registration dossier
Copeblack®
Registration dossier
Corax
Registration dossier
DENKA BLACK
Registration dossier
DIABLACK
Registration dossier
Diamond Carbon Blacks
Registration dossier
Durex
Registration dossier
EB
Registration dossier
Ecorax
Registration dossier
Farbruss
Registration dossier
Farbruss, Colour Black
Registration dossier
Farbruss; colour black
Registration dossier
Flammruss
Registration dossier
Flammruss, Colour Black
Registration dossier
Flammruss; colour black
Registration dossier
Flammruss; panther
Registration dossier
Flammruß
Registration dossier
Furnex®
Registration dossier
Gas Black
Registration dossier
HIBlack
Registration dossier
IRB #8
Registration dossier
Lamp Black
Registration dossier
LIONITE EC200LCARBON ECPCARBON ECP600JDCARBON ECP200L
Registration dossier
MAP01004
Registration dossier
MITSUBISHI CARBON BLACK
Registration dossier
Monarch
Registration dossier
MPC Channel black
Registration dossier
N 772
Registration dossier
N-110
Registration dossier
N550
Registration dossier
NEGROVEN
Registration dossier
Neotex®
Registration dossier
Nerox
Registration dossier
Nipex
Registration dossier
NuTone
Registration dossier
Orient Black
Registration dossier
P 803
Registration dossier
P 805 S
Registration dossier
Panther
Registration dossier
PM
Registration dossier
Printex
Registration dossier
PUREBLACK®
Registration dossier
Purex
Registration dossier
Raven
Registration dossier
Raven®
Registration dossier
ReCarbon
C&L Inventory
Royale Black
Registration dossier
rubber powder
Registration dossier
sadza techniczna
Registration dossier
SEAST
Registration dossier
Special Black
Registration dossier
Statex®
Registration dossier
Thermax ®
Registration dossier
Thermax ® Powder
Registration dossier
Thermax ® Powder Ultra Pure
Registration dossier
Thermax ® Stainless
Registration dossier
Thermax ® Stainless Powder
Registration dossier
Thermax ® Stainless Powder Ultra Pure
Registration dossier
Thermax ® Ultra Pure
Registration dossier
tire reclaimed rubber
Registration dossier
TOKABLACK
Registration dossier
tread tire reclaim
Registration dossier
Ultra®
Registration dossier
whole tire reclaim
Registration dossier
XPB
Registration dossier
XT
Registration dossier
101239-80-9
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Other
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EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Substance Evaluation - CoRAP, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex IV - Allowed Colorants, Annex of Approved Active Substances for Plant Protection Products, FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances, Atmospheric Pollutants Directive, Annex I - Annual Emission Reporting, FCMs Recycled Plastic & Articles Regulation - Annex I - Authorised Use
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Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [4]
C Form
Pellets (38%), Powder (38%), Solid: nanomaterial, no surface treatment (25%) [8]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [8]
C Substance type
Inorganic (100%) [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)
Form
Solid: nanomaterial, no surface treatment (33%), Solid: nanomaterial, surface-treated (33%), Solid: particulate/powder (33%)
Colour
black (100%)
Colour Intensity
dark (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
3 000 - 3 697 °C [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
3 550 - 3 652 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Density

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
R Relative density
1.8 - 2.199 @ 20 °C [15]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.8 - 1.9

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1 - 2.2 mg/L @ 20 °C and pH 2 - 8 [11]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 12
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Water solubility
1 mg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
315 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 15 studies submitted
  • 11 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (91%), Not classified based on GHS criteria (9%) [11]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 11
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (75%), Not classified (25%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 23 studies submitted
  • 16 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (100%) [16]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 16
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Oxidising

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
GHS criteria not met (100%) [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Oxidising
Non oxidising (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1 2
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

pH

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R pH
2 - 10 @ 20 °C and 1 - 50 g/L [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 6
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 4
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 50 mg/L (1)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) No hazard identified (1)
Marine water No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Intermittent releases (marine water) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) No data: aquatic toxicity unlikely (1)
Sediment (freshwater) No hazard identified (2)
Sediment (marine water) No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil No hazard identified (1)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning No potential for bioaccumulation (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 1 - 10 g/L [5]
NOEC (4 days) 1 - 10 g/L [4]
LOEC (4 days) 10 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4 1
Supporting study 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (24 h) 5.6 g/L [1]
EC100 (24 h) 10 g/L [1]
NOEC (24 h) 3.2 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 10 g/L [4]
NOEC (72 h) 10 g/L [1]
EC10 (72 h) 10 g/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 800 - 1 000 mg/L [2]
EC10 (3 h) 800 mg/L [1]
EC0 (3 h) 400 - 800 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 5
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons. 1
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 60 µg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 51 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 22 3
Other 18 1 4
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
No bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Oral: 0 %
Dermal: 0 %
Inhalation: 0 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 7 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 - 10 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [6]
LD0 10 000 - 10 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [7]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 5 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LC0 (18 h) 13 mg/m³ air (rat) [1]
LC0 (6 h) 229 mg/m³ air (rat) [1]
LC0 (4 h) 4.6 - 4.6 mg/m³ air (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 2
Other 3 1
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
other routes
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 7
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Inhalation route:
No adverse effect observed LC50 4.6 mg/m³

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 6 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 5 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 2 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: respiratory
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 1
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
No adverse effect observed (not sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [3]
NOEL (rat): 52 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOEL (mouse): 137 mg/kg bw/day [1]
NOEL (mouse): 100 000 mg/kg diet [1]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 29 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEC (rat): 1 - 52.8 mg/m³ air [13]
NOAEC (mouse): 7.4 - 7.4 mg/m³ air [1]
LOAEC (rat): 7.1 mg/m³ air [3]

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study 6 8 1
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other 11
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Inhalation route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 1 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)
Inhalation route - local effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEC 1 mg/m³ (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 50 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 20 4
Other 24
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 39 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 14 8
Other 16
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 4 summaries processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No adverse effect observed (negative)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 40 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence 10 2
Other 15 1 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 1 4
Other 5
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 3
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: developmental
  • 17 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 2
Other 11
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 6
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 4 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Study results
  • 12 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other 4 8
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant