Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
266-028-2
CAS no.:
65996-93-2
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
*
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
14
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the harmonised classification and labelling (ATP05) approved by the European Union, this substance may cause genetic defects, may cause cancer and may damage fertility and may damage the unborn child.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations identifies that this substance may damage fertility or the unborn child, may cause long lasting harmful effects to aquatic life and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is very toxic to aquatic life and is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects.

Breakdown of all 311 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Carc. 1B H350
Muta. 1B H340 Harmonised Classification
Carc. 1A H350 Harmonised Classification
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Aquatic Chronic 4 H413
Skin Sens. 1 H317
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • C
Officially recognised in the EU as Carcinogenic (Harmonised C&L, Candidate list of SVHCs).
  • C
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Carcinogenic (100% of REACH registrations).
  • M
Officially recognised in the EU as Mutagenic (Harmonised C&L).
  • M
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Mutagenic (100% of REACH registrations).
  • R
Officially recognised in the EU as Toxic to Reproduction (Harmonised C&L).
  • R
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Toxic to Reproduction (100% of REACH registrations).
  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).
  • PBT
Officially recognised in the EU as Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (Candidate list of SVHCs).
  • PBT
There is no overall agreement among data submitters, but a minority indicate they consider this substance as Persistent, Bioaccumulative and Toxic (9.38% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory activities

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 26 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Substance of very high concern (SVHC) and included in the candidate list for authorisation.
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Substance of very high concern requiring authorisation before it is used (Annex XIV of REACH).
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
A European Union Harmonised Classification & Labelling has been assigned to this substance.
Notification:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is manufactured and/or imported in the European Economic Area in 100 000 - 1 000 000 tonnes per year.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), the low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials or articles and high energy work-up of substances bound in materials or articles (e.g. hot rolling/forming, grinding, mechanical cutting, drilling or sanding).

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures, in the production of articles, manufacturing of the substance, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones).

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or in which chemical products the substance might be used.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, roller or brushing applications, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures and in the production of articles. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use resulting in inclusion into or onto a materials (e.g. binding agent in paints and coatings or adhesives), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials) and indoor use.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work, transfer of substance into small containers, production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation and closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation in materials, formulation of mixtures and in the production of articles.

This substance has an industrial use resulting in manufacture of another substance (use of intermediates).

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals, metals and mineral products (e.g. plasters, cement).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, potentially closed industrial processing with minerals/metals at elevated temperature (e.g. smelters, furnaces, refineries, coke ovens), closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, laboratory work and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates), in the production of articles, as processing aid, formulation of mixtures and formulation in materials. Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials).

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, laboratory work and transfer of substance into small containers.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: do not handle until all safety precautions have been read and understood; contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; obtain special instructions before use; use personal protective equipment as required.; avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. If skin irritation or a rash occurs: get medical advice/attention. If exposed or concerned: get medical advice/attention. If on skin: wash with soap and water. Follow specific treatment (see label).

Storage statements

Store this substance locked up.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ALCOA TRASFORMAZIONI Srl., Piazza Missori 2 20122 Milano Italy
  • Allied Carbon Trading Ltd., 10 Glencarron Close BB3 3RF Hoddlesden Darwen Lancashire United Kingdom
  • ALRO, 116, Pitesti 230104 Slatina Olt Romania
  • ALU IBERICA LC SL, C/ Pedro Teixeira 8, planta 3ª 28020 Madrid Spain
  • Aluminium & Chemie Rotterdam B.V., Oude Maasweg 80 3197 KJ Rotterdam Netherlands
  • Aluminium Dunkerque, 17 Place des Reflets La defense 2 92400 Courbevoie France
  • BILBAINA DE ALQUITRANES, S.A., OBISPO OLAECHEA, 49 48903 LUCHANA-BARACALDO VIZCAYA Spain
  • Carbone Savoie, D97 La léchère 73260 AIGUEBLANCHE France
  • DEZA a.s., Masarykova 753 75701 Valasske Mezirici Czech Republic
  • Elkem Carbon AS, Drammensveien 169 0277 Oslo Norway
  • FERROPEM, 517 avenue de la Boisse 73000 CHAMBERY France
  • Industrial Quimica del Nalon, S.A., Avda. Galicia 31 33005 Oviedo Asturias Spain
  • Koppers Denmark ApS, Avernakke 5800 Nyborg Denmark
  • Metinvest International Italia Srl - AKHZ, Via Antonio Salieri, 36 37050 Vallese di Oppeano (VR) Italy
  • Metinvest International Italia Srl - ZKOK, Via Antonio Salieri, 36 37050 Vallese di Oppeano (VR) Italy
  • Metinvest International Italia Srl- DKHZ, Via Antonio Salieri, 36 37050 Vallese di Oppeano (VR) Italy
  • Morgan Carbon Italia srl, Via Roma 338 64014 Martinsicuro TE Italy
  • Morganite Electrical Carbon Ltd, Upper Fforest Way Morriston SA6 8PP Swansea United Kingdom
  • MYTILINEOS HOLDINGS plant ALUMINIUM OF GREECE , Agios Nikolaos 320 03 Aspra Spitia Viotia Greece
  • RAIN CARBON BVBA, Vredekaai 18 9060 Zelzate Belgium
  • RUETGERS Poland Sp. z. o. o., ul. Szkolna 15 47-225 Kędzierzyn-Koźle Poland
  • RÜTGERS Germany GmbH, Kekulestr. 30 44579 Castrop-Rauxel Germany
  • SCAS Europe S.A./N.V., Leonardo Da Vincilaan 19 B-1831 Diegem Belgium
  • SGL Carbon GmbH, Werner-von-Siemens Strasse 18 86405 Meitingen Germany
  • SHOWA DENKO CARBON Germany GmbH , Werner-von-Siemens-Strasse 18 86405 Meitingen Germany
  • TRIMET FRANCE, Rue Henri Sainte Claire Deville Zone Industrielle Le Parquet 73300 SAINT JEAN DE MAURIENNE France
  • Koppers Netherlands B.V., Molenlaan 55 1422 XN Uithoorn Netherlands
  • Liberty Aluminium Lochaber LTD, Lochaber Smelter PH33 6TH Fort William Highlands United Kingdom
  • Metinvest International Italia Srl - EKHZ, Via Antonio Salieri, 36 37050 Vallese di Oppeano (VR) Italy
  • TOKAI ERFTCARBON GmbH, Aluminiumstrasse 4 41515 Grevenbroich Germany
  • TÜV SÜD Industrie Service GmbH, IS-USR-MUC Westendstraße 199 80686 Munich Germany

Substance names and other identifiers

[The residue from the distillation of high temperature coal tar. A black solid with an approximate softening point from 30 °C to 180 °C (86 °F to 356 °F). Composed primarily of a complex mixture of three or more membered condensed ring aromatic hydrocarbons.]
The residue from the distillation of high temperature coal tar. A black solid with an approximate softening point from 30°C to 180°C (86°F to 356°F). Composed primarily of a complex mixture of three or more membered condensed ring aromatic hydrocarbons.
C&L Inventory
Pitch, coal tar, high-temp.
EC Inventory, Candidate list, REACH pre-registration
pitch, coal tar, high-temp.,
The residue from the distillation of high temperature coal tar. A black solid with an approximate softening point from 30°C to 180°C (86°F to 356°F). Composed primarily of a complex mixture of three or more membered condensed ring aromatic hydrocarbons.
C&L Inventory
(Jääk, mis saadakse kõrgtemperatuurse kivisöetõrva destilleerimisel. Must tahke aine, mille pehmenemispunkt jääb vahemikku umbes 30 °C – 180 °C. Koosneb peamiselt kolme või enama kondenseerunud tuumaga aromaatsete süsivesinike segust.) (et)
C&L Inventory
(Ostanek destilacije visoko-temperaturnega premogovega katran. Črna, trdna snov s približno točko zmehščišča med 30mC do 180CC. Sestavljen je primarno iz kompleksne mešanice tri- ali več-členskih kondenziranih obročov aromatskih ogljikovodikov.) (sl)
C&L Inventory
(Ostatak iz destilacije visokotemperaturnog ugljenog katrana. Crna kruta tvar s točkom omekšavanja približno od 30 °C do 180 °C. Sastavljena primarno od složene smjese aromatskih ugljikovodika s tročlanim ili višečlanim kondenziranim prstenovima.) (hr)
C&L Inventory
[Augstas temperatūras akmeņogļu darvas destilācijas atlikums. Melna, cieta masa ar mīksttapšanas temperatūru aptuveni no 30 °C līdz 180 °C (no 86 °F līdz 356 °F). Galvenokārt satur kompleksi aromātisko ogļūdeņražu savienojumus ar kondensētiem triju vai vairāk locekļu cikliem.] (lv)
C&L Inventory
[aukštos virimo temperatūros akmens anglių deguto distiliacijos likutis. Juoda kieta medžiaga su apytiksliu minkštėjimu nuo 30°C iki 180°C (86°F-356°F) temperatūroje. Sudarytas, visų pirma, iš sudėtingo, 3 arba daugiau kondensuotus žiedus turinčių aromatinių angliavandenilių, mišinio.] (lt)
C&L Inventory
[Destilační zbytky z destilace vysokoteplotního černouhelného dehtu. Černá tuhá hmota s přibližnou teplotou měknutí od 30 °C do 180 °C. Je složena převážně ze složité směsi aromatických uhlovodíků se třemi a více kondenzovanými jádry.] (cs)
C&L Inventory
[Pozostałość z destylacji wysokotemperaturowej smoły węglowej. Czarne ciało stałe o temp. mięknienia w zakresie od 30-180°C (86°F do 356°F). Złożone głównie z węglowodorów aromatycznych o trój- lub więcej członowych układach skondensowanych pierścieni]. (pl)
C&L Inventory
[Rest fra destillasjon av høytemperaturstenkulltjære. Et sort, fast stoff med omtrentlig mykningspunkt fra 30 °C til 180 °C (86 °F til 356 °F). Består hovedsakelig av en kompleks blanding av aromatiske hydrokarboner med tre eller flerleddede kondenserte ringer.] (no)
C&L Inventory
[Reziduu din distilarea gudronului de huilă la temperaturi înalte. Solid de culoare neagră cu un interval de înmuiere aproximativ de la 30 ° C la 180 ° C (86 din 356 de). Se compune în principal dintr-un amestec complex de trei sau mai multe inele condensate hidrocarburi aromatice.] (ro)
C&L Inventory
[Rückstand aus der Destillation von Hochtemperaturkohlenteer. Schwarzer Feststoff mit einem ungefähren Erweichungspunkt von 30°C bis 180°C. Besteht in erster Linie aus einem komplexen Gemisch von drei- oder mehrgliedrigen kondensierten ringaromatischen Kohlenwasserstoffen.] (de)
C&L Inventory
[Yπόλειμμα από την απόσταξη ακατέργαστης λιθανθρακόπισσας υψηλής θερμοκρασίας. Μαύρο στερεό με σημείο μαλακύνσεως από 30 °C έως 180 °C περίπου. Συνίσταται κυρίως από πολύπλοκο μίγμα αρωματικών υδρογονανθράκων με τρεις ή περισσότερους συμπυκνωμένους δακτύλιους][Yπόλειμμα από την απόσταξη ακατέργαστης λιθανθρακόπισσας υψηλής θερμοκρασίας. Μαύρο στερεό με σημείο μαλακύνσεως από 30 °C έως 180 °C περίπου. Συνίσταται κυρίως από πολύπλοκο μίγμα αρωματικών υδρογονανθράκων με τρεις ή περισσότερους συμπυκνωμένους δακτυλίους] (el)
C&L Inventory
[Zvyšok z destilácie vysokoteplotného uhoľného dechtu. Čierna tuhá látka s teplotou mäknutia približne od 30 °C do 180 °C. Pozostáva predovšetkým z komplexnej zmesi troj- až viacjadrových kondenzovaných aromatických uhľovodíkov.] (sk)
C&L Inventory
[Остатъчен продукт от дестилацията на високотемпературен каменовъглен катран. Твърдо черно вещество с приблизителна температура на омекване в интервала от 30 до 180ºС (86°F до 356°F). Състои се основно от комплексна смес на полициклени ароматни въглеводороди с три или повече кондензирани пръстени. ] (bg)
C&L Inventory
[„Magas hőmérsékletű” kőszénkátrány desztillációs maradéka. Lágyulási hőmérséklet: 30 C°-180 C° (86 °F-356 °F). Főleg 3- vagy többtagú kondenzált gyűrűs aromás szénhidrogének keveréke.] (hu)
C&L Inventory
beck, koltjäre-, högtemperaturs-, (sv)
C&L Inventory
beg, kultjære-, højtemperaturs-, (da)
C&L Inventory
bek, (no)
C&L Inventory
bek, stenkulltjære, høytemperatur, (no)
C&L Inventory
brai de goudron de houille à haute température, (fr)
C&L Inventory
Brai, (fr)
C&L Inventory
Brea, (es)
C&L Inventory
brea, alquitrán de hulla, elevada temperatura, (es)
C&L Inventory
breu, alcatrão de carvão, de temperatura elevada, (pt)
C&L Inventory
Dehtová smola, (cs)
C&L Inventory
Het residu dat wordt verkregen bv de destillatie van bv hoge temperatuur verkregen koolteer. Een zwarte vaste stof met een verwekingstraject van bv benadering 300C tot 1800C. Voornamelvk samengesteld uit een complexe verzameling van aromatische koolwaterstoffen met drie- of meervoudig gecondenseerde ringen. (nl)
C&L Inventory
Il residuo della distillazione di catrame di carbone ad alta temperatura. Sostanza solida nera con punto di rammollimento da 300C a 1800C. AE composto principalmente da una combinazione complessa di idrocarburi aromatici a nuclei condensati di tre o più membri. (it)
C&L Inventory
O resíduo da destilação de alcatrão de carvão de temperatura elevada. Um sólido negro com um ponto de amolecimento de aproximadamente 300C a 1800C. BE constituído principalmente por uma combinação complexa de hidrocarbonetos aromáticos polinucleares com três ou mais membros. (pt)
C&L Inventory
Pak, (pl)
C&L Inventory
Pak, wysokotemperaturowa smoła węglowa, (pl)
C&L Inventory
Pece, (it)
C&L Inventory
pece, catrame di carbone, alta temperatura, (it)
C&L Inventory
Pech, (de)
C&L Inventory
Pech, Kohlenteer, Hochtemperatur, (de)
C&L Inventory
Pek, (nl)
C&L Inventory
pek, koolteer, hoge temperatuur, (nl)
C&L Inventory
Piche, (pt)
C&L Inventory
pigi, (et)
C&L Inventory
Pigi, kivisöetõrv, kõrgtemperatuurne, (et)
C&L Inventory
Piki (fi)
C&L Inventory
Piki, kivihiiliterva, korkealämpötilainen, (fi)
C&L Inventory
pikis, (lt)
C&L Inventory
pikis, akmens anglių deguto, aukštos virimo temperatūros, (lt)
C&L Inventory
piķis, (lv)
C&L Inventory
piķis, augsttemperatūras akmeņogļu darva, (lv)
C&L Inventory
Residuo de la destilación del alquitrán de hulla a elevada temperatura. Sólido negro con un punto de reblandecimiento de 300C a 1800C. Compuesto principalmente de una mezcla compleja de hidrocarburos aromáticos con anillos condensados de tres o más miembros. (es)
C&L Inventory
Resten fra destillationen af højtemperatursstenkulstjære. Et sort, fast stof med et blødgøringspunkt omtrent fra 300C til 1800C. Består primært af en sammensat blanding af aromatiske carbonhydrider, bestående af tre- eller flerleddede kondenserede ringe. (da)
C&L Inventory
Résidu de la distillation du goudron de houille à haute température. Solide de couleur noire dont le point de ramollissement se situe approximativement entre 300C et 1800C. Se compose principalement d'un mélange complexe d'hydrocarbures aromatiques à noyaux condensés comportant trois cycles ou plus. (fr)
C&L Inventory
Smoala, (ro)
C&L Inventory
Smoală, gudron de huilă, temperatură înaltă., (ro)
C&L Inventory
smola, (sk)
C&L Inventory
smola, premogov katran, visoka temperatura, (sl)
C&L Inventory
Smola, ugljeni katran, visoko-temp., (hr)
C&L Inventory
smola, z vysokoteplotného uhoľného dechtu, (sk)
C&L Inventory
Smola, černouhelný dehet, vysokoteplotní, (cs)
C&L Inventory
Szurok, (hu)
C&L Inventory
Szurok, szén kátrány, magas hőm., (hu)
C&L Inventory
Tjærebeg, (da)
C&L Inventory
żift, qatran tal-faħam, temperatura għolja, (mt)
C&L Inventory
Κατράμι, (el)
C&L Inventory
Ππίσσα, λιθανθρακόπισσας υψηλής θερμοκρασίας, (el)
C&L Inventory
Каменовъглен пек, (bg)
C&L Inventory
Каменовъглен пек, каменовъглен катран, високотемпературен, (bg)
C&L Inventory
Coal tar pitch
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Coal Tar Pitch, High temperature
Registration dossier
Pitch
C&L Inventory
Pitch, coal tar, high temperature
Registration dossier
Pitch, coal tar, high-temp
C&L Inventory, Registration dossier
Pitch, coal tar, high-temp.; Pitch
Registration dossier
Carbo Pitch
Registration dossier
Carbomasse
Registration dossier
Coal Tar Pitch, binder pitch
Registration dossier
Electrode Binder
Registration dossier
Refractory Binder
Registration dossier
smola
Registration dossier
648-055-00-5
Index number
C&L Inventory
65996-93-2
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Candidate list, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%) [2]
C Form
Compact (100%) [2]
C Odour
Other (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Solid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Melting / freezing point
65 - 116 °C @ 101 kPa [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
116 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
400 °C

Density

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Density
1.15 - 1.4 g/cm³ @ 20 °C [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
1.31

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
0 - 2 900 Pa @ 20 - 294 °C [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
0 Pa @ 20 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
6.13 @ 20 °C

Water solubility

Study results
  • 14 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
800 - 242 000 ng/L @ 20 - 22 °C and pH 6.7 - 8 [10]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study 2 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
1.54 µg/L @ 20 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Flash point
200 - 232 °C @ 101 kPa [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
200 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
560 °C @ 101 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Viscosity

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
230 - 9 230 [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 2
C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - dimensionless
608

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
16 000 L/kg ww

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed
Koc at 20°C
832 000

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Henry's law constant
1 Pa.m³.mol-1 @ 20 °C

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 10 ng/L (3)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) -
Marine water 4.4 ng/L (3)
Intermittent releases (marine water) -
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 3.6 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 840 µg/kg sediment dw (3)
Sediment (marine water) 366 - 366.16 µg/kg sediment dw (3)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (3)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 10 - 10.6 µg/kg soil dw (3)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 280 µg/kg food (2)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
LL50 (4 days) 100 - 1 000 mg/L [4]
LL0 (4 days) 100 mg/L [2]
LL100 (4 days) 1 g/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (42 days) 4 µg/L [2]
LC50 (42 days) 4 µg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (24 h) 1.16 - 59.7 µg/L [4]
EL50 (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]
NOELR (48 h) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 6 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (48 h) 500 - 1 000 ng/L [4]
EC10 (7 days) 503 - 770 ng/L [4]
EC10 (48 h) 220 - 1 100 ng/L [4]
NOELR (21 days) 100 mg/L [2]
LOELR (21 days) 100 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (72 h) 780 - 1 540 ng/L [4]
EL10 (72 h) 100 mg/L [2]
EL50 (72 h) 153 - 220 mg/L [4]
NOELR (72 h) 10 mg/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (30 days) 2.6 - 8.7 mg/kg soil dw [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence 4
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC10 (21 days) 840 mg/kg soil dw [2]
LC50 (21 days) 840 mg/kg soil dw [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 3 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 1.68 µg/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 700 ng/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 200 µg/kg bw/day carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: High hazard (no threshold derived)
Local Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 40 µg/cm² carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 4 ng/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: (DMEL) 1 ng/m³ carcinogenicity
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
Local Effects
Long-term: No hazard identified
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: Other toxicological threshold
Acute /short term: No hazard identified
EYE Exposure
No hazard identified

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 15 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
LD0 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Not classified [2]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Eye
No adverse effect observed (not irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (mouse): 200 - 460 mg/kg bw/day [4]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 400 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 10 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 4
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
Adverse effect observed (positive)

Carcinogenicity

Study results
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study 2
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 12 mg/kg bw/day (chronic, rat)
Inhalation route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEC 1.1 mg/m³ (chronic, rat)

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: developmental
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 2
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
Adverse effect observed LOAEL 10 mg/kg bw/day (subacute, mouse)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant