Brief Profile

Diss Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
294-351-9
CAS no.:
91697-89-1
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
8
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:
EINECS (European INventory of Existing Commercial chemical Substances) List

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance may be fatal if swallowed and enters airways, is toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, is a flammable liquid and vapour, causes serious eye irritation, causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Additionally, the classification provided by companies to ECHA in CLP notifications identifies that this substance is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects and is very toxic to aquatic life.

Breakdown of all 1500 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Asp. Tox. 1 H304
Flam. Liq. 3 H226
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Skin Sens. 1 H317
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Aquatic Acute 1 H400
Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Aquatic Chronic 2 H411
Eye Irrit. 2A H319
Skin Sens. 1B H317
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/o/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Substance pre-registered under REACH.
Registration:
This substance has 22 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance is registered under the REACH Regulation and is manufactured in and / or imported to the European Economic Area, at ≥ 10 to < 100 tonnes per annum.

This substance is used by consumers, in articles, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), air care products and polishes and waxes.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. release from fabrics, textiles during washing, removal of indoor paints), outdoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. metal, wooden and plastic construction and building materials), outdoor use in long-life materials with high release rate (e.g. tyres, treated wooden products, treated textile and fabric, brake pads in trucks or cars, sanding of buildings (bridges, facades) or vehicles (ships)) and indoor use in long-life materials with low release rate (e.g. flooring, furniture, toys, construction materials, curtains, foot-wear, leather products, paper and cardboard products, electronic equipment).

This substance can be found in products with material based on: plastic (e.g. food packaging and storage, toys, mobile phones), fabrics, textiles and apparel (e.g. clothing, mattress, curtains or carpets, textile toys) and paper (e.g. tissues, feminine hygiene products, nappies, books, magazines, wallpaper).

This substance is used in the following products: air care products, coating products, polishes and waxes, washing & cleaning products and cosmetics and personal care products.

This substance is used in the following areas: health services. This substance is used for the manufacture of: textile, leather or fur, pulp, paper and paper products and machinery and vehicles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners) and outdoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: perfumes and fragrances, air care products, coating products and cosmetics and personal care products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, laboratory work and production of mixtures or articles by tabletting, compression, extrusion or pelletisation.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: washing & cleaning products, air care products, biocides (e.g. disinfectants, pest control products), coating products, metal surface treatment products, laboratory chemicals, metal working fluids and water treatment chemicals.

This substance is used for the manufacture of: pulp, paper and paper products, chemicals, plastic products, textile, leather or fur and wood and wood products.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, industrial spraying, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure and closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: in processing aids at industrial sites, in the production of articles, as an intermediate step in further manufacturing of another substance (use of intermediates) and as processing aid.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, transfer of chemicals at dedicated facilities, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, mixing in open batch processes and laboratory work.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: avoid release to the environment; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier.

Response statements

In case of incident: If swallowed: immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If in eyes: rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Remove contact lenses if present and easy to do – continue rinsing. If on skin: wash with soap and water.

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • ALBERT VIEILLE SAS, 629 route de Grasse 06220 VALLAURIS France
  • AROMASUR SL, Cr de Santa Olalla km 1 41240 Almaden de la plata Spain
  • BETEN-AROMA S.R.L., sat Sulita, str Principala, nr 178, com Sulita jud. - Botosani Romania
  • BONTOUX S.A.S., Le clôt 26170 Saint Auban sur l'Ouvèze France
  • Brüder Unterweger 1886 GmbH, Thal-Aue 13 9911 Assling Austria
  • Brüder Unterweger GmbH, Thal-Aue 13 9911 Assling Austria
  • BU Oils I GmbH, Thal-Aue 13 9911 Assling Austria
  • BU Oils II GmbH, Thal-Aue 13 9911 Thal-Assling Austria
  • BU Oils III GmbH, Thal-Aue 13 9911 Thal-Assling Austria
  • elixens france SAS, Ecosite du Val de Drôme 428 rue Brunelle 26400 EURRE France
  • ERNESTO VENTOS, S.A., Carretera Reial 120B 08960 Sant Just Desvern Spain
  • Frey + Lau GmbH, Immenhacken 12 DE-24558 Henstedt-Ulzburg Germany
  • Genesis SK B.V., Iepenlaan 45-47 3203 XV Spijkenisse Netherlands
  • JERAFRANCE SARL, 5 RUE DES SACLIS LA HAIE DE BERANVILLE 78270 JEUFOSSE France
  • Johann Voegele KG, Bahnhofstrasse 143 74348 Lauffen Baden-Württemberg Germany
  • MSTU GmbH, Thal-Aue 13 9911 Assling Austria
  • NATURCHIM SARL, 71 rue anatole france 92300 Levallois-Perret France
  • QUIMDIS GMBH, MONZSSTRßE 4E 63225 LANGEN Germany
  • QUIMDIS SAS, 71, rue Anatole France 92532 Levallois-Perret France
  • Robertet, 37 Avenue Sidi Brahim 06130 Grasse France
  • Trimond GmbH, Industriestr. 5 25421 Pinneberg Germany
  • V. MANE FILS , 620 route de Grasse 06620 Le Bar sur Loup France

Substance names and other identifiers

Abies sibirica oil and extract
Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Abies sibirica, Pinaceae.
Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex III - Restricted Substances
Fir, Abies sibirica, ext.
EC Inventory, Other
Fir, Abies sibirica, ext.
Extractives and their physically modified derivatives such as tinctures, concretes, absolutes, essential oils, oleoresins, terpenes, terpene-free fractions, distillates, residues, etc., obtained from Abies sibirica, Pinaceae.
REACH pre-registration, Other
Fir, Abies sibirica, ext.
Other
Abies sibirica, essential oil
C&L Inventory
Essential oil of Abies sibirica Ledeb. (Pinaceae) obtained from needles and branches by distillation.
Registration dossier
Essential oil of Abies sibirica Ledeb. (Pinaceae) obtained from needles and branches by steam distillation.
Registration dossier
Fir Needle Oil
C&L Inventory
Fir needles essential oil
C&L Inventory
Fir, Abies sibirica essential oil
C&L Inventory
Fir, Abies sibirica, essential oil
C&L Inventory
Fir, Abies sibirica, ext
C&L Inventory
Fir, Abies sibirica, ext.
C&L Inventory
HE Abies sibirica
C&L Inventory
Pine needle essential oil
Registration dossier
Pine Needle Oil
Registration dossier
Pine needle oil (Pine, Abies siberica, ext.) - Russia
Registration dossier
Pine needle oil Siberian
C&L Inventory
Pine Oil
C&L Inventory
Pine sachalinensis oil
C&L Inventory
Reaction mass of camphene and pin-2(3)-ene and dipentene and (-)-pin-2(10)-ene
C&L Inventory
UVCB Substance
C&L Inventory
Fir needle oil
Registration dossier
8021-29-2
CAS number
C&L Inventory
91697-89-1
CAS number
EC Inventory, C&L Inventory, Registration dossier, REACH pre-registration, Other, Cosmetic Products Regulation, Annex III - Restricted Substances

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [2]
C Form
Other (100%) [2]
C Substance type
Natural substance (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Boiling point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
177.5 °C @ 101.325 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
177.5 °C

Density

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Relative density
0.904 @ 20 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.904

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
12.1 - 633 Pa @ 25 °C [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Log Pow
4.2 - 4.83 [5]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 3
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Water solubility

Study results
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 5 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
1.81 - 22.14 mg/L @ 20 - 25.4 °C and pH 7.4 - 7.8 [6]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Data not provided by the registrant

Surface tension

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Surface tension
61.86 mN/m @ 44.5 mg/L and 19.8 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
40.3 - 40.5 °C @ 101.325 - 102.3 kPa [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
40.5 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Autoflammability / self-ignition
255 °C @ 98.374 - 99.23 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Autoflammability / self-ignition at 101 325 Pa
255 °C

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidising

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 0 summaries submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No data available

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Data not provided by the registrant

Dissociation constant

Data not provided by the registrant

Viscosity

Data not provided by the registrant

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Data not provided by the registrant

Hydrolysis

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in water

Data not provided by the registrant

Phototransformation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (100%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Data not provided by the registrant

Biodegradation in soil

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Data not provided by the registrant

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Data not provided by the registrant

Henrys law constant (H)

Data not provided by the registrant

Distribution modelling

Data not provided by the registrant

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LL50 (4 days) 5.6 - 8.6 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3 4
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to fish

Data not provided by the registrant

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EL50 (48 h) 2.7 - 6.4 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 2 5
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EL50 (72 h) 4 - 9 mg/L [4]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1 6
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
4 mg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Sediment toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to birds

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Data not provided by the registrant

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
GHS criteria not met [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
inhalation
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
dermal
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: eye
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Data not provided by the registrant

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Categories Display