Brief Profile

The Brief Profile summarizes the non-confidential data on substances as it is held in the databases of the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA), including data provided by third parties. The Brief Profile is automatically generated; note that it does not currently distinguish between harmonised classification and minimum classification; information requirements under different legislative frameworks may therefore not be fully up to date or complete. For accuracy reasons, substance manufacturers and imports have the responsibility to consult official sources, e.g. the electronic edition of the Official Journal of the European Union.
This Brief Profile is covered by the ECHA Legal Notice.

Substance Description

Substance identity

EC / List no.:
700-991-6
CAS no.:
8007-24-7
Index number:
Molecular formula:
SMILES:
InChI:
Type of substance:
UVCB
Origin:
Organic
Registered compositions:
13
Of which contain:
0 impurities relevant for classification
0 additives relevant for classification
Substance Listed:

Hazard classification & labelling

Danger! According to the classification provided by companies to ECHA in REACH registrations this substance is very toxic to aquatic life with long lasting effects, causes serious eye damage, is harmful if swallowed, is harmful in contact with skin, is harmful to aquatic life, causes skin irritation and may cause an allergic skin reaction.

Breakdown of all 13 C&L notifications submitted to ECHA

Skin Irrit. 2 H315
Acute Tox. 4 H302
Acute Tox. 4 H312
Eye Dam. 1 H318
Aquatic Chronic 3 H412
Skin Sens. 1A H317
Aquatic Chronic 1 H410
Eye Irrit. 2 H319
Aquatic Acute 1 H402
Skin Sens. 1 H317
0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100%

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/tick.png Harmonised Classification

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/Reach.png REACH registration dossiers notifications

https://chesar.echa.europa.eu/diss-blank-theme/images/cnl/graph/CLP.png CLP notifications

Properties of concern

  • Ss
There is broad agreement in that a majority of data submitters agree this substance is Skin sensitising (100% of REACH registrations).

Regulatory context

Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & Restriction of Chemicals (REACH)

Registration
Pre-registration:
Registration:
This substance has 13 active registrations under REACH, 1 Joint Submission(s) and 0 Individual Submission(s).
Please see Registrants/Suppliers details.
Evaluation
Dossier Evaluation:
Registration dossiers submitted to ECHA for this substance have been evaluated under REACH.
Substance Evaluation:
Authorisation
Candidate List:
Annex XIV (Authorisation List):
Restriction
Annex XVII (Restriction List):

Persistent Organic Pollutants Regulation (POPs)

List of substances subject to the POPs Regulation:
List of substances proposed as POPs:

Classification Labelling & Packaging (CLP)

Harmonised C&L:
Seveso Annex I:
Notified C&L:
Classification & Labelling has been notified by industry to ECHA for this substance.

Biocidal Products Regulation (BPR)

Active Substance:
Biocidal Products:

Prior Informed Consent (PIC)

Annex I:
Annex V:

European Union Observatory for Nanomaterials (EUON)

EUON:

About this substance

This substance has not been registered under the REACH Regulation, therefore as yet ECHA has not received any data about this substance from registration dossiers.

This substance is used by consumers, by professional workers (widespread uses), in formulation or re-packing, at industrial sites and in manufacturing.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use (e.g. machine wash liquids/detergents, automotive care products, paints and coating or adhesives, fragrances and air fresheners).

ECHA has no public registered data on the use of this substance in activities or processes at the workplace.

ECHA has no public registered data on the routes by which this substance is most likely to be released to the environment.

ECHA has no public registered data indicating whether or into which articles the substance might have been processed.

This substance is used in the following products: adhesives and sealants and coating products.

This substance is used in the following areas: building & construction work.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: mixing in open batch processes, roller or brushing applications, non-industrial spraying and treatment of articles by dipping and pouring.

Other release to the environment of this substance is likely to occur from: indoor use.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints and fuels.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: formulation of mixtures.

This substance is used in the following products: coating products, fillers, putties, plasters, modelling clay, finger paints, adhesives and sealants and fuels.

This substance is used in the following areas: formulation of mixtures and/or re-packaging. This substance is used for the manufacture of: chemicals.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: transfer of chemicals, mixing in open batch processes, transfer of substance into small containers, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation and batch processing in synthesis or formulation with opportunity for exposure.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: as processing aid and in the production of articles.

This substance is used in the following activities or processes at workplace: closed processes with no likelihood of exposure, closed, continuous processes with occasional controlled exposure, closed batch processing in synthesis or formulation, transfer of chemicals and mixing in open batch processes.

Release to the environment of this substance can occur from industrial use: manufacturing of the substance.

Precautions for using this substance have been recommended by its registrants under REACH, as follows:

Prevention statements

When handling this substance: contaminated work clothing should not be allowed out of the workplace; do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product; wash parts of the body (as specified by manufacturer/supplier)in contact with substance thoroughly after handling; wear protective gloves and/or clothing, and eye and/or face protection as specified by manufacturer/supplier; avoid breathing the dust, fume, gas, mist, vapours or spray.

Response statements

In case of incident: Rinse cautiously with water for several minutes. Wash with soap and water. Take off contaminated clothing and wash before reuse. Wash contaminated clothing before reuse. Call a poison center or doctor/physician if you feel unwell. Follow specific measures (see label). If in contact with eyes, remove contact lenses if present and easy to do - continue rinsing. If skin irritation occurs: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. If in eyes: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Immediately call a poison center or doctor/physician. If skin irritation or a rash occurs: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. If swallowed: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Rinse the mouth. If on skin: follow instructions specified by manufacturer/supplier. Get medical advice/attention. Follow specific treatment (see label).

Disposal statements

The substance must be disposed in accordance with local/regional/national/international regulation.

Guidance on the safe use of the substance provided by manufacturers and importers of this substance.

Registrants/suppliers

  • Anthesis (Ireland) Limited, The Black Church St. Mary’s Place D07 P4AX Dublin Ireland
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV, Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for IXE), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Cardolite Specialty Chemicals Europe NV (OR for ZUH), Wijmenstraat 21 K bus 2 B-9030 Mariakerke (Gent) Belgium
  • Fenolit d.d., Breg 22 1353 Borovnica Slovenia
  • Global Product Compliance (Europe) AB, IDEON, Beta 5, Scheelevägen 17 22363 Lund Sweden
  • John Hogg Technical Solutions Ltd, Mellors Road Trafford Park M17 1PB Manchester United Kingdom
  • Loiret & Haëntjens, 2 Place de la Bourse, BP 90705 44007 Nantes Cedex 1 France France
  • NAM & NAM Europe GmbH, Emil-Figge-Str. 80 44227 Dortmund(002) Germany
  • REACHLaw Ltd., Vänrikinkuja 3 JK 21 02600 Espoo Finland
  • Resibras, Parque Industrial das Carrascas 2950-402 Palmela Portugal
  • SI Group-Béthune S.A.S., 1111 Avenue George Washington Boite Postale 237 62404 Cedex Béthune France
  • SUmitomo Bakelite Europe (Barcelona), S.L.U., Gran Vial, 4 08170 Montornès del Vallès Barcelona Spain

Substance names and other identifiers

Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, Distilled
Other
Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, Distilled (Distilled Grade)
Registration dossier
Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, DistilledCashew nutshell liquid, decarboxylated, distillated, cardanol fractionBiological name of the plant : Anacardium OccedentaleGenus : AnacardiumSpecies : OccidentaleFamily : Anacardiaceae
Registration dossier
Cashew (Anacardium occidentale)Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, Distilled
Registration dossier
Cashew nut shell liquid
Registration dossier
CNSL
Registration dossier
Distilled Grade CNSL
Registration dossier
No IUPAC name is currently defined for Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, Distilled (Distilled Grade).
Registration dossier
No IUPAC name is currently defined for Cashew (Anacardium occidentale) Nutshell Extract, Decarboxylated, Distilled (“Distilled Grade”).
Registration dossier
not available
Registration dossier
Cardanol
Registration dossier
Cashew nuteshell liquid, decarboxylated, distilled
Registration dossier
Cashew Nutshell Liquid (CNSL)
Registration dossier
Distilled CNSL
Registration dossier
8007-24-7
CAS number
C&L Inventory

Scientific properties

Physical and chemical properties

This section provides physicochemical information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Appearance/physical state / colour

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%) [2]
C Form
Liquid (100%) [1]
C Odour
Odourless (100%) [1]
C Substance type
Organic (100%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Physical state at 20°C and 1013 hPa
Liquid (100%)
Colour
brown (100%)

Melting/freezing point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Melting / freezing point
-18 °C [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Melting / freezing point at 101 325 Pa
-18 °C

Boiling point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Boiling point
240 °C @ 98.09 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Boiling point at 101 325 Pa
240 °C

Density

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Density
0.938 - 0.956 g/cm³ @ 20 - 25 °C [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Relative density at 20°C
0.938 - 0.956

Vapour pressure

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Vapour pressure
0 - 0 Pa @ 25 °C [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Vapour pressure
0 - 0 Pa @ 25 °C

Partition coefficient

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Pow
60 900 - 1 590 000 @ 40 °C and pH 6.4 [2]
R Log Pow
4 - 6.2 @ 25 - 40 °C and pH 6.4 [3]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Log Kow (Log Pow)
6.2

Water solubility

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
R Water solubility (mass/vol.)
305 - 1 400 µg/L @ 20 - 25 °C and pH 6.1 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Water solubility
305 - 1 400 µg/L @ 20 - 25 °C

Solubility in organic solvents / fat solubility

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Solubility in organic solvents at 20 °C
1 000 g/L

Surface tension

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flash point

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Flash point
110 °C @ 98.11 kPa [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flash point at 101 325 Pa
110 °C

Auto flammability

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Flammability

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
C Interpretation of results
Non flammable (100%) [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 2
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Flammability
Non flammable (100%)

Explosiveness

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Explosiveness
Non-explosive (100%)

Oxidising

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
C Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Oxidising
No (100%)

Oxidation reduction potential

Data not provided by the registrant

pH

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Dissociation constant

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible 1
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
pKa at 20 °C
10.06

Viscosity

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
R Other:
265 - 294 [2]
R dynamic viscosity (in mPa s)
62.52 - 162.11 [2]
R kinematic viscosity (in mm²/s)
66.69 - 172.9 [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 3
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Dynamic viscosity at 20 °C
162 mPa.s

Environmental fate and pathways

This section provides environmental fate and pathways information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Phototransformation in air

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Degradation rate constant (OH radicals)
0 cm³ molecule-1 d-1 [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half life in air
4.167 days
Degradation rate constant with OH radicals
0 cm³ molecule-1 d-1

Hydrolysis

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life for hydrolysis
10 h @ 25 °C

Phototransformation in water

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in water
21.06 min

Phototransformation in soil

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Biodegradation in water - screening tests

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
C Interpretation of results
Readily biodegradable (50%), Not readily biodegradable (50%) [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Biodegradation in water
Readily biodegradable (50%), Under test conditions no biodegradation observed (50%)

Biodegradation in water & sediment - simulation tests

Study results
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in freshwater
37.5 h @ 25 °C
Half-life in freshwater sediment
14.062 days @ 25 °C

Biodegradation in soil

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Half-life in soil
75 days @ 25 °C

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation Factor (BCF) - L/kg ww
483.6 - 882 L/kg ww

Bioaccumulation: terrestrial

Data not provided by the registrant

Adsorption/desorption

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
R Koc
122.513 dimensionless [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Koc at 20°C
122.51

Henrys law constant (H)

Study results
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 9 studies processed
R H - (pressure) m³/mol
0 - 9.869 Pa m³/mol [9]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 9
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
Henry's law constant
0 Pa.m³.mol-1

Distribution modelling

Study results
  • 8 studies submitted
  • 8 studies processed
% Distribution in Media:
R Air 0 - 0.09 % [8]
R Water 1.86 - 3.75 % [8]
R Soil 28 - 30.9 % [8]
R Sediment 66.9 - 69.9 % [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 8
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers

No summary exists for this scientific endpoint

Ecotoxicological information

This section provides ecotoxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC)

R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The Predicted No-Effect Concentration (PNEC) value is the concentration of a substance below which adverse effects in the environment are not expected to occur. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, PNEC values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Hazard for Aquatic Organisms
Freshwater 11.4 - 14.1 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (freshwater) 14.1 µg/L (1)
Marine water 1.14 - 14.1 µg/L (2)
Intermittent releases (marine water) 14.1 µg/L (1)
Sewage treatment plant (STP) 3.658 - 100 mg/L (2)
Sediment (freshwater) 223 - 5 000 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Sediment (marine water) 223 - 500 µg/kg sediment dw (2)
Hazard for Air
Air No hazard identified (2)
Hazard for Terrestrial Organism
Soil 36.4 - 171 410 µg/kg soil dw (2)
Hazard for Predators
Secondary poisoning 33.3 mg/kg food (1)

Short–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LC50 (4 days) 80 - 200 µg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
LC50 for freshwater fish
80 - 300 µg/L
LC50 for marine water fish
300 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to fish

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 192 ng/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater fish
192 ng/L

Short–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 4 studies submitted
  • 3 studies processed
P/RResults
LC50 (48 h) 420 - 5 000 µg/L [3]
LC50 (24 h) 1.59 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater invertebrates
300 - 420 µg/L
EC50 / LC50 for marine invertebrates
300 µg/L

Long–term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
NOEC (21 days) 723 - 10 000 000 ng/L [2]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater invertebrates
723 - 113 500 ng/L

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
EC50 (72 h) 1.4 mg/L [1]
EL50 (72 h) 250 - 1 300 mg/L [2]
NOELR (72 h) 125 mg/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for freshwater algae
1.41 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for freshwater algae
300 µg/L
EC10 or NOEC for marine water algae
300 µg/L

Toxicity to aquatic plants other than algae

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to microorganisms

Study results
  • 3 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
EC50 (3 h) 1 g/L [1]
NOEC (3 h) 1 g/L [1]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1 1
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
EC50 for microorganisms
36.58 mg/L
EC10 or NOEC for microorganisms
1 g/L

Sediment toxicity

Study results
  • 1 study submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
NOEC (28 days) 399 - 1 000 mg/kg sediment dw [8]

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
R Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 1 summary processed
EC50 / LC50 for freshwater sediment
1 000 mg/kg sediment dw
EC10 / LC10 or NOEC for freshwater sediment
500 mg/kg sediment dw

Endocrine disrupter testing in aquatic vertebrates – in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to terrestrial macroorganisms except arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial arthropods

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to terrestrial plants

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to soil microorganisms

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons. 2
Other
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to birds

Study results
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Type of Study provided
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Summaries
  • 1 summary submitted
  • 0 summaries processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Toxicity to mammals

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicological information

This section provides toxicological information compiled from all automatically processable data from REACH registration dossiers that is available to ECHA at the time of generation. The quality and correctness of the information remains the responsibility of the data submitter. The Agency thus cannot guarantee the correctness of the information displayed.

Derived No- or Minimal Effect Level (DN(M)EL)

M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed

The derived no- or minimum effect level (DN(M)EL) is the level of exposure above which a human should not be exposed to a substance. Please note that when more than one summary is provided, DN(M)EL values may refer to constituents of the substance and not to the substance as a whole. More detailed information is available in the dossiers.

Data for WORKERS
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 7.4 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 2.1 mg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)
Data for the GENERAL POPULATION
INHALATION Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 1.31 mg/m³ repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
DERMAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Local Effects
Long-term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
Acute /short term: (Medium hazard (no threshold derived)) -
ORAL Exposure Threshold Most sensitive study
Systemic Effects
Long-term: (DNEL) 750 µg/kg bw/day repeated dose toxicity
Acute /short term: (Low hazard (no threshold derived)) -
EYE Exposure
High hazard (no threshold derived)

Toxicokinetics, metabolism, and distribution

Study results
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: basic toxicokinetics
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: dermal absorption
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: dermal absorption
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Bioaccumulation potential:
Low bioaccumulation potential
Absorption values
Dermal: 100 %

Acute toxicity

Study results
oral
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 1 study processed
P/RResults
LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [1]
M/CInterpretations of results
Other [1]

Type of Study provided
oral
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
inhalation
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
dermal
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 2 studies processed
P/RResults
LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw (rat) [2]
M/CInterpretations of results
Toxicity Category IV [1]

dermal
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
other routes
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No data available

other routes
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 5 000 mg/kg bw
Dermal route:
No adverse effect observed LD50 2 000 mg/kg bw

Irritation / corrosion

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 7 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: eye
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: eye
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study 1
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 2
Exposure cons.
Other
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Eye
Adverse effect observed (irritating)
Respiratory
No study available

Sensitisation

Study results
Study data: skin
  • 11 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: skin
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study 3
Weight of evidence 4 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: respiratory
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: respiratory
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Skin sensitisation
Adverse effect observed (sensitising)
Respiratory sensitisation
No study available

Repeated dose toxicity

Study results
Study data: oral
  • 5 studies submitted
  • 4 studies processed
P/RResults
NOAEL (rat): 100 - 1 000 mg/kg bw/day [6]
LOAEL (rat): 500 mg/kg bw/day [2]

Type of Study provided
Study data: oral
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: inhalation
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: inhalation
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
Study data: dermal
  • 1 study submitted
  • 0 studies processed

No automatically processable data submitted

Study data: dermal
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified
Exposure cons.
Other 1
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Oral route - systemic effects:
Adverse effect observed NOAEL 150 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Genetic toxicity

Study results
Study data: in vitro
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: in vitro
Studies with data
Key study 4
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 3 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: in vivo
  • 2 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: in vivo
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 2 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Toxicity - InVitro
No adverse effect observed (negative)
Toxicity - InVivo
No study available

Carcinogenicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Toxicity to reproduction

Study results
Study data: reproduction
  • 9 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Type of Study provided
Study data: reproduction
Studies with data
Key study 1
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 4 3 1
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
Study data: developmental
  • 6 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: developmental
Studies with data
Key study 2
Supporting study
Weight of evidence 2 1
Other
Data waiving
Not feasible
Sci. unjustified 1
Exposure cons.
Other
Study data: other studies
  • 0 studies submitted
  • 0 studies processed

Study data not processed for brief profile

Study data: other studies
Studies with data
Key study
Supporting study
Weight of evidence
Other
Data waiving
no waivers
M/C Summaries
  • 3 summaries submitted
  • 2 summaries processed
Effect on fertility
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 260.9 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)
Effect on developmental toxicity
Oral route:
No adverse effect observed NOAEL 300 mg/kg bw/day (subchronic, rat)

Neurotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Immunotoxicity

Data not provided by the registrant

Endocrine disrupter mammalian screening - in vivo

Data not provided by the registrant