plastic-material-food-contact

FCM and Articles Regulation, Annex I - Authorised Substances

EU. Union List of Authorised Substances: Annex I, Plastics Food Contact Regulation 10/2011/EU, as amended by Regulation 2020/1245/EU, 3 September 2020

This list contains the Union list of authorised monomers, other starting substances, macromolecules obtained from microbial fermentation, additives and polymer production aids. It is taken from Annex I of the Commission Regulation (EU) No 10/2011 on plastic materials and articles intended to come into contact with food.

Last updated 22 October 2021. Database contains 1072 unique substances/entries.
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215-222-5
1314-13-2
1046
yes
no
Only to be used in unplasticised polymers.
The restrictions and specifications specified for FCM substance No 788 shall be respected.
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215-222-5
1314-13-2
1050
yes
no
Only to be used in unplasticised polymers.
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254-413-8
39318-18-8
1064
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
Stoichiometry: WOn, n = 2,72-2,90.
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257-757-7
7695-91-2
1055
yes
no
Only to be used as antioxidant in polyolefins.
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-
-
1077
yes
no
Only to be used at up to 25.0 % w/w, including in the nanoform.
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-
147398-31-0
1059
no
no
Only to be used either alone or blended with other polymers in contact with all foods under contact conditions of up to 6 months and/or 6 months and more, at room temperature or below, including hot fill or a short heating up phase.
The migration of all oligomers with a molecular weight below 1 000 Da shall not exceed 5,0 mg/kg food.
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843-672-8
1227937-46-3
1076
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
Only to be used as an additive at up to 0.2 % w/w in high impact polystyrene materials and articles intended contact with food at room temperature and below, including hot-fill and/or heating up to 100 ° C for up to 2 hours. It shall not be used in contact with foods for which simulant C and/or D1 is assigned in Annex III.
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682-238-0
1190931-27-1
1045
yes
no
Only to be used as a polymer production aid during the manufacture of fluoropolymers under high temperature conditions of at least 370 °C.
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419-710-0
42774-15-2
1051
yes
no
5 mg/kg
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-
-
1075
yes
no
Only to be used as additive at up to 4.0 % w/w in polylactic acid plastics intended for long-term storage of water at ambient temperature or below. Can form platelets in the nanoform that are in one or two dimensions thinner than 100 nm. Such platelets shall be oriented parallel to the polymer surface and shall be fully embedded in the polymer.
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-
-
1030
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
Only to be used up to 12 % (w/w) in polyolefins in contact with dry foods to which simulant E is assigned in table 2 of Annex III at room temperature or below.
The sum of the specific migration of 1-chlorohexadecane and 1-chlorooctadecane shall not exceed 0,05 mg/kg food.
Can contain platelets in the nanoform that are only in one dimension thinner than 100 nm. Such platelets shall be oriented parallel to the polymer surface and shall be fully embedded in the polymer.
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288-287-0
85711-28-0
1065
yes
no
5 mg/kg
Only to be used in the manufacture of articles made of polyolefins, and which do not come into contact with foods for which food simulant D2 is assigned in Table 2 of Annex III.
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-
-
1062
no
no
Only to be used for the production of recycled PET and at up to 0,12 % (w/w).
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200-857-2
75-28-5
1069
yes
no
Only to be used as a blowing agent.
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-
-
1060
yes
no
Only to be used at room temperature or below in contact with foods for which Table 2 of Annex III assigns food simulant E.
The seed hulls shall be obtained from sunflower seeds that are fit for human consumption.
The processing temperature of the plastic containing the additive shall not exceed 240 °C.
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221-800-8
3238-40-2
1031
no
no
5 mg/kg
Only to be used as a monomer in the production of polyethylene furanoate.
The migration of the oligomeric fraction of less than 1 000 Da shall not exceed 50 µg/kg food (expressed as furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid).
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-
-
1053
yes
no
Only to be used when produced from a fatty acid precursor that is obtained from edible fats or oils.
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607-457-0
24937-78-8
969
yes
no
Only to be used as a polymeric additive up to 2 % w/w in polyolefins.
The migration of low molecular weight oligomeric fraction below 1 000 Da shall not exceed 5 mg/kg food.
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210-826-5
624-03-3
1048
yes
no
Only to be used when produced from a fatty acid precursor that is obtained from edible fats or oils.
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-
287916-86-3
871
yes
no
Only to be used in polyolefins at levels of up to 20 weight %. These polyolefins shall only be used in contact with foods for which Table 2 of Annex III assigns food simulant E, at ambient temperature or below, and when migration of the total oligomeric fraction of less than 1 000 Da does not exceed 50 µg/kg food.
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210-478-4
616-38-6
1067
no
no
Only to be used: a) with 1,6-hexanediol in the manufacture of polycarbonate pre-polymers that are used at up to 30 % to manufacture thermoplastic polyurethanes with 4,4'-methylenediphenyldiisocyanate and diols, such as polypropylene glycol and 1,4-butanediol. The resulting material shall only be applied in repeated use articles intended to come into short-term contact (≤ 30 min at room temperature) with food for which simulants A and/or B are assigned in Table 2 of Annex III; or b) for the production of other polycarbonates and/or under other conditions provided that the migration of dimethyl carbonate does not exceed 0,05 mg/kg food and that the migration of all polycarbonate oligomers with a molecular weight below 1 000 Da together does not exceed 0,05 mg/kg food.
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213-551-9
976-56-7
1007
no
no
Only to be used up to 0,2 % w/w based on the final polymer weight in the polymerisation process to manufacture poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET).
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Substance identity is confidential or pending assessment. If possible, following assessment the proper substance identifiers will be displayed.
-
-
1017
yes
no
To be processed under conditions preventing the decomposition of the substance and up to a maximum temperature of 275 °C.
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200-405-4
58-95-7
1055
yes
no
Only to be used as antioxidant in polyolefins.
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-
-
1031
no
no
5 mg/kg
Only to be used as a monomer in the production of polyethylene furanoate.
The migration of the oligomeric fraction of less than 1 000 Da shall not exceed 50 µg/kg food (expressed as furan-2,5-dicarboxylic acid).
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219-784-2
2530-83-8
1068
no
no
Only to be used as a component of a sizing agent to treat glass fibres to be embedded in glass-fibre-reinforced low diffusivity plastics (polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polycarbonate (PC), polybutylene terephthalate (PBT), thermoset polyesters and epoxy bisphenol vinylester) in contact with all foodstuffs. In treated glass fibres, residues of the substance must not be detectable at 0,01 mg/kg for the substance and 0,06 mg/kg for each of the reaction products (hydrolysed monomers and epoxy-containing cyclic dimer, trimer and tetramer).
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-
37486-69-4
903
yes
no
Only to be used as a polymer production aid in the polymerisation of fluoropolymers intended for: (a) repeated and single use materials and articles when sintered or processed (non-sintered) at temperatures at or above 360 °C for at least 10 minutes or at higher temperatures for equivalent shorter times; (b) repeated use materials and articles when processed (non-sintered) at temperatures from 300 °C and up to 360 °C for at least 10 minutes.
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455-890-7
6607-41-6
872
no
no
0.05 mg/kg
To be used only as a co-monomer in polycarbonate copolymers.
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485-230-3
1455-42-1
1052
no
no
5 mg/kg
Only to be used as a monomer in the production of polyesters.
The migration of oligomers of less than 1 000 Da shall not exceed 50 µg/kg food (expressed as SPG).
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813-638-7
80512-44-3
1061
no
no
Only to be used as a comonomer in the manufacture of polyether ether ketone plastics up to 0,3 % w/w of the final material.
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-
1547-26-8
1063
no
no
Only to be used together with tetrafluoroethylene and/or ethylene co-monomers to manufacture fluorocopolymers for application as polymer processing aid at up to 0,2 % w/w of the food contact material, and when the low-molecular mass fraction below 1 500 Da in the fluorocopolymer does not exceed 30 mg/kg.
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223-054-9
3710-30-3
1034
no
no
0.05 mg/kg
Only to be used as a crosslinking co-monomer in the manufacture of polyolefins for contact with any type of foods for long term storage at room temperature, including when packaged under hot-fill conditions.
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222-852-4
3634-83-1
988
no
no
SML(T) applies to the migration of its hydrolysis product, 1,3- benzenedimethanamine.
To be used only as co-monomer in the manufacture of a middle layer coating on a poly(ethylene terephthalate) polymer film in a multilayer film.
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204-886-1
128-44-9
902
yes
no
The substance shall comply with the specific purity criteria as set out in Commission Regulation (EU) No 231/2012 (OJ L 83, 22.3.2012, p. 1).
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-
23985-75-3
1066
no
no
0.05 mg/kg
Only to be used as a co-monomer in the manufacture of a polyester non-food contact layer in a plastic multilayer material, which is to be used only in contact with foods for which food simulants A, B, C and/or D1 are assigned in Table 2 of Annex III.
The specific migration limit in column 8 refers to the sum of the substance and of its dimers (cyclic and open chain).
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-
-
1016
yes
no
Only to be used up to: (a) 10 % w/w in non-plasticised PVC; (b) 15 % w/w in non-plasticised PLA.
The final material shall be used at room temperature or below.
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-
-
998
yes
no
Only to be used as particles in non-plasticised PVC up to 10 % w/w in contact with all food types at room temperature or below including long- term storage.
When used together with the substance with FCM No 859 and/or the substance with FCM No 1043, the restriction of 10 % w/w applies to the sum of those substances.
The diameter of particles shall be > 20 nm, and for at least 95 % by number it shall be > 40 nm.
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-
-
859
yes
no
Only to be used as particles in non-plasticised PVC up to 10 % w/w in contact with all food types at room temperature or below including long- term storage.
When used together with the substance with FCM No 998 and/or the substance with FCM No 1043, the restriction of 10 % w/w applies to the sum of those substances.
The diameter of particles shall be > 20 nm, and for at least 95 % by number it shall be > 40 nm.
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-
-
1043
yes
no
Only to be used as particles in non-plasticised PVC up to 10 % w/w in contact with all food types at room temperature or below including long- term storage.
When used together with the substance with FCM No 859 and/or the substance with FCM No 998, the restriction of 10 % w/w applies to the sum of those substances.
The diameter of particles shall be > 20 nm, and for at least 95 % by number it shall be > 40 nm.
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215-251-3
1314-98-3
403
96320
yes
no
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215-222-5
1314-13-2
402
96240
yes
no
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243-814-3
20427-58-1
628
96190
yes
no
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234-394-2
11138-66-2
596
95935
yes
no
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-
-
96
95920
yes
no
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237-772-5
13983-17-0
613
95905
yes
no
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-
-
95
95883
yes
no
Average molecular weight not less than 480 Da.
Viscosity at 100 °C not less than 8,5 cSt (8,5 × 10-6 m2/s).
Content of mineral hydrocarbons with Carbon number less than 25, not more than 5 % (w/w)
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-
-
94
95859
yes
no
Average molecular weight not less than 500 Da.
Viscosity at 100 °C not less than 11 cSt (11 × 10-6 m2/s).
Content of mineral hydrocarbons with Carbon number less than 25, not more than 5 % (w/w)
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-
-
93
95858
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
Not to be used for articles in contact with fatty foods for which simulant D1 and/or D2 is laid down.
Average molecular weight not less than 350 Da. Viscosity at 100 °C not less than 2,5 cSt (2,5 × 10-6 m2/s). Content of hydrocarbons with Carbon number less than 25, not more than 40 % (w/w).
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231-791-2
7732-18-5
515
95855
26360
yes
no
In compliance with Directive 98/83/EC [OJ L 330, 5.12.1998, p. 32.].
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406-060-8
110638-71-6
757
95725
yes
no
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217-420-7
1843-03-4
430
95600
yes
yes
5 mg/kg
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481-840-9
160535-46-6
870
95500
yes
no
5 mg/kg
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616-108-1
745070-61-5
784
95420
yes
no
5 mg/kg
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248-597-9
27676-62-6
661
95360
yes
yes
5 mg/kg
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254-996-9
40601-76-1
689
95280
yes
yes
6 mg/kg
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423-560-1
161717-32-4
774
95270
yes
yes
2 mg/kg
SML expressed as sum of phosphite, phosphate and the hydrolysis product = TTBP.
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-
227099-60-7
781
95265
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
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216-971-0
1709-70-2
428
95200
yes
no
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229-934-9
6846-50-0
497
95020
yes
no
5 mg/kg
Only to be used in single-use gloves.
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927-697-2
28931-67-1
664
95000
yes
no
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-
-
924
94987
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
Only for use in PET in contact with all types of foods other than fatty, high- alcoholic and dairy products.
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-
-
815
94985
yes
no
5 mg/kg
Not to be used for articles in contact with fatty foods for which simulant D1 and/or D2 is laid down.
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-
-
815
94985
yes
no
Not to be used for articles in contact with fatty foods for which simulant D1 and/or D2 is laid down.
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201-074-9
77-99-6
141
94960
25600
13380
yes
no
6 mg/kg
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204-528-4
122-20-3
292
94560
yes
no
5 mg/kg
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212-757-6
867-13-0
800
94425
yes
no
Only for use in PET.
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253-039-2
36443-68-2
680
94400
yes
no
9 mg/kg
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-
-
266
94320
25510
yes
no
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203-049-8
102-71-6
793
94000
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
SML expressed as the sum of triethanolamine and the hydrochloride adduct expressed as triethanolamine.
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-
-
92
93970
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
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201-067-0
77-90-7
138
93760
yes
no
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232-552-5
9000-65-1
545
93680
yes
no
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233-466-0
10191-41-0
110
93520
yes
no
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200-412-2
59-02-9
110
93520
yes
no
view-details
-
-
110
93520
yes
no
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234-354-4
11116-16-8
807
93485
yes
no
No migration of titanium nitride nanoparticles.
Only to be used in polyethelyne terephthalate (PET) bottles up to 20 mg/kg.
In the PET, the agglomerates have a diameter of 100 - 500 nm consisting of primary titanium nitride nanoparticles; primary particles have a diameter of approximately 20 nm.
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247-117-5
25583-20-4
807
93485
yes
no
No migration of titanium nitride nanoparticles.
Only to be used in polyethelyne terephthalate (PET) bottles up to 20 mg/kg.
In the PET, the agglomerates have a diameter of 100 - 500 nm consisting of primary titanium nitride nanoparticles; primary particles have a diameter of approximately 20 nm.
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-
-
873
93460
yes
no
Reaction product of titanium dioxide with up to 2 % w/w surface treatment substance octyltriethoxysilane, processed at high temperatures.
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-
-
805
93450
yes
no
The content of the surface treatment copolymer of the coated titanium dioxide is less than 1 % w/w.
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236-675-5
13463-67-7
610
93440
yes
no
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240-613-2
16545-54-3
894
93360
yes
no
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211-750-5
693-36-7
368
93280
yes
yes
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204-614-1
123-28-4
294
93120
yes
yes
view-details
-
120218-34-0
761
92930
yes
no
6 mg/kg
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255-392-8
41484-35-9
690
92880
yes
yes
2.4 mg/kg
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-
-
178
92800
yes
yes
0.48 mg/kg
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202-525-2
96-69-5
178
92800
yes
yes
0.48 mg/kg
view-details
-
78301-43-6
742
92700
yes
yes
5 mg/kg
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254-037-4
38613-77-3
688
92560
yes
yes
18 mg/kg
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-
203255-81-6
792
92475
yes
yes
5 mg/kg
SML expressed as the sum of phosphite and phosphate form of the substance and the hydrolysis products.
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CHIMASSORB 119; LOWILITE 19
401-990-0
106990-43-6
791
92470
yes
no
0.05 mg/kg
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-
-
269
92350
25090
yes
no
view-details
-
-
91
92320
yes
yes
15 mg/kg
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260-815-4
57569-40-1
696
92205
yes
no
view-details
229-176-9
6422-86-2
798
92200
yes
no
60 mg/kg
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229-176-9
6422-86-2
798
92200
yes
no
view-details
-
-
90
92195
yes
no
view-details
201-766-0
87-69-4
161
92160
yes
no
view-details
-
-
161
92160
yes
no
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Gallic acid derivatives found in nutgalls, bark and other plant parts, especially oak bark.
215-753-2
1401-55-4
419
92150
yes
no
According to the JECFA specifications.
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export-type