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Toxicological information

Developmental toxicity / teratogenicity

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
developmental toxicity
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
19.11.2003 to 19.05.2005
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2005
Report Date:
2005

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: OECD Guideline 422 (Combined Repeated Dose Toxicity Study with the Reproduction / Developmental Toxicity Screening Test)
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: USEPA OPPTS 870.3650
GLP compliance:
yes
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: No data
- Age at study initiation: Nine weeks
- Weight at study initiation: Males: 294.2-351.5; Females: 200.2-260.2 g
- Fasting period before study: None
- Housing: individually housed in suspended wire-mesh cages (pregnant rats in shoebox cages)
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Ad libitum (except during FOB)
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): Ad libitum (except during FOB)
- Acclimation period: Six days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 20.2-22.5
- Humidity (%): 36.0-62.0
- Air changes (per hr): 10-15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 09.02.2004 To: 19.04.2005

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
corn oil
Details on exposure:
PREPARATION OF DOSING SOLUTIONS: Conducted over nitrogen atmopshere. Test substance was placed into a volumetric flask and corn oil added to achieve the desired volume. The weight of the test substance added to the flask was used to calculate nominal dose solution concentrations. Dosing solutions were prepared at least once every two weeks consistent with the previously determined 15-day stability. The concentration, homogeneity and stability of the test substance in vehicle for at least 15 days.

VEHICLE
- Justification for use and choice of vehicle (if other than water): No data
- Concentration in vehicle: Various
- Amount of vehicle (if gavage): Up to 3 ml/kg
- Lot/batch no. (if required): 122K0131
- Purity: Considered 100%
Analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
yes
Details on analytical verification of doses or concentrations:
The concentration of methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMS) in corn oil dosing solutions was determined prior to the beginning of the definitive study.
Details on mating procedure:
A 1:1 mating ratio was used. After dosing on study day 14, the animals were paired by placing the lowest numbered ear tag reproductive group female within each group in the home cage of the male with the lowest numbered ear tag from the same group. Female animals were housed continuously with the same male until evidence of copulation was obtained. Females were evaluated daily for evidence of copulation, as indicated by either a vaginal copulatory plug or sperm in the vaginal smear. Day 0 of gestation was defined as the day evidence of copulation was obtained, at which time the female was returned to her home cage (shoebox cage).
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Toxicity group females and males were treated for 28 and 29 days, respectively. Reproductive group females were treated for 14 days prior to the mating period, during the mating period, and then up to and including post partum day 3, for a total of up to 51 days.
Frequency of treatment:
Daily, 7 days/week
Duration of test:
51 days
Doses / concentrationsopen allclose all
Dose / conc.:
50 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Dose / conc.:
250 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
Dose / conc.:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day (actual dose received)
No. of animals per sex per dose:
10
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Details on study design:
No further relevant details.

Examinations

Maternal examinations:
Mortality/Morbidity: Animals were observed at least twice daily in their cages for moribundity and mortality throughout the in-life phase of the study.

Daily Observations: General clinical examinations were made at least once a day and were conducted immediately after dosing. The examinations included, but were not limited to, changes in the skin, fur, eyes, mucous membranes, respiratory, circulatory, autonomic and central nervous system functions, motor activity and behavior patterns. Findings were recorded for individual animals. General clinical examinations were not performed on days when detailed physical examinations were performed.

Detailed Physical Examinations: All animals received a detailed physical examination once before the first dose administration (to allow for within-subject comparisons), and weekly thereafter. Examinations were made outside the home cage in a standard arena at approximately the same time each day. Observations were detailed and carefully recorded. Examinations included, but were not limited to, changes in skin, fur eyes, mucous membranes, occurrence of secretions and excretions, and autonomic activity. Changes in gait, posture and response to handling as well as the presence of clonic or tonic movement, stereotypies, difficult or prolonged parturition or bizarre behavior were recorded. The presence or absence of findings was recorded for individual animals.

Body weights and food consumption were recorded weekly. Additional body weights for reproductive group females were obtained on gestational day 0, 7, 14, and 20, and within 24 hours of parturition, and on postnatal day 4. Individual food consumption was determined for each group following group specific schedules.

WATER CONSUMPTION: No

POST-MORTEM EXAMINATIONS: Yes
- Sacrifice on gestation day #
- Organs examined:

OTHER:
Ovaries and uterine content:
For females that delivered or had macroscopic evidence of implantation, the numbers of former implantation sites and corpora lutea were recorded. Recognizable fetuses for the females euthanized in extremis were examined externally and preserved in 10% neutral-buffered formalin. For females that failed to deliver, a pregnancy status was determined. Uteri with no macroscopic evidence of implantation were opened and subsequently placed in a 10% ammonium sulfide solution for detection of early implantation loss.
Fetal examinations:
Each litter was examined following delivery to determine the number and sex of the pups, stillbirths, live births, runts, sex ratio, and the presence of any gross abnormalities. Litter weights were taken within 24 hours of parturition and on day 4 postpartum.
Statistics:
Reproductive parameters with the exception of litter size were analyzed using an ANCOVA (Analysis of Covariance) with liter size as the covariate. Litter size was analyzed using an ANOVA.
Statistically significant probabilities are reported at either the p<0.05 or p<0.01 levels.
Indices:
On the day parturition was initiated (PND 0), the pups were sexed and examined for gross malformations, and the numbers of still born and live pups were recorded.

Results and discussion

Results: maternal animals

Maternal developmental toxicity

Details on maternal toxic effects:
Details on maternal toxic effects:
"Body weight: No statistically significant differences in treatment group maternal body weight relative to control group animals.
"Food/water consumption: No statistically significant differences in treatment group maternal food consumption relative to control group animals.

Effect levels (maternal animals)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect level:
other: No adverse effects observed.

Maternal abnormalities

Abnormalities:
no effects observed

Results (fetuses)

Details on embryotoxic / teratogenic effects:
Embryotoxic / teratogenic effects:no effects

Details on embryotoxic / teratogenic effects:
No gross abnormalities were found for any of the pups, with the exception of a single runt in the 50 mg/kg/day group.

Effect levels (fetuses)

Key result
Dose descriptor:
NOAEL
Effect level:
1 000 mg/kg bw/day
Based on:
test mat.
Sex:
male/female
Basis for effect level:
other: No adverse effects observed.

Fetal abnormalities

Abnormalities:
no effects observed

Overall developmental toxicity

Developmental effects observed:
no

Any other information on results incl. tables

Result: Maternal toxicity was not apparent at any dose level.  NOAEL = 1000  mg/kg/day.  Developmental toxicity was not apparent at any dose level.   

NOAEL = 1000 mg/kg/day.

Grossly visible abnormalities, external, soft tissue and skeletal abnormalities:  None.

Litter sizes were comparable for all groups.  No gross abnormalities were  found for any of the pups, with the exception of a single runt in the 50  

mg/kg bw/day group.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Exposure to methyltrimethoxysilane was not associated with developmental toxicity. The findings support a NOAEL of 1000 mg/kg/day.