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Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

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Description of key information

Acutely harmful to aquatic invertebrates.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

Data on short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates are available in the WHO Concise International Chemical Assessment Document 20 (CICAD) on Mononitrophenols (2000), the BUA report 75 for 2- and 4-nitrophenol (1992; update supplementary report 2003) and the ECB IUCLID (2000) for 2-nitrophenol. The EC50 after 48h in a guideline study according to DIN 38 412/11 with Daphnia magna was 17 mg/L. EC50 values of short-term toxicity tests with Daphnia magna and different guidelines after 24 h range between 25 and 210 mg/L.

Additionally, own data are available (BASF 1983 a-e). The EC50 values after 24 h for Daphnia magna range from 32.63 to 45.87 mg/L. Hence, 2-nitrophenol is regarded as acutely harmful to aquatic invertebrates.