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Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Compliant to GLP and testing guidelines; adequate consistence between data, comments and conclusions.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2012
Report Date:
2012

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.13/14 (Mutagenicity - Reverse Mutation Test Using Bacteria)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
other: liquid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material: Ethoxylated bisphenol A diacrylate

Method

Target gene:
Histidine operon
Species / strainopen allclose all
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not applicable
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Additional strain / cell type characteristics:
not applicable
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
rat liver S9 mix
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
312.5, 625, 1250, 2500 and 5000 µg/plate.
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle used: dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO)
- Justification for choice: test item was soluble in the vehicle at 100 mg/mL
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
Remarks:
DMSO
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
other: sodium azide, 9-aminoacridine, 2-nitrofluorene, mitomycin C (-S9 mix); 2-anthramine, benzo(a)pyrene (+S9 mix)
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
METHOD OF APPLICATION: in agar
Both experiments were performed according to the direct plate incorporation method except for the second test with S9 mix, which was performed according to the pre-incubation method (60 minutes, 37°C).

DURATION
- Preincubation period: 60 minutes
- Exposure duration: 48 to 72 hours.

DETERMINATION OF CYTOTOXICITY
- Method: decrease in number of revertant colonies and/or thinning of the bacterial lawn
Evaluation criteria:
A reproducible 2-fold increase (for the TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 strains) or 3-fold increase (for the TA 1535 and TA 1537 strains) in the number of revertants compared with the vehicle controls, in any strain at any dose-level and/or evidence of a dose-relationship was considered as a positive result. Reference to historical data, or other considerations of biological relevance may also be taken into account.
Statistics:
no

Results and discussion

Test resultsopen allclose all
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98 and TA 100
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 102
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
no cytotoxicity
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
valid
Additional information on results:
The number of revertants for the vehicle and positive controls met the acceptance criteria. The study was therefore considered to be valid.
 
A moderate emulsion was observed in the Petri plates when scoring the revertants at dose-levels >= 1250 µg/plate in the experiments performed using the direct plate incorporation method and at dose-levels ≥ 2500 µg/plate in the experiment performed using the pre-incubation method.
No noteworthy toxicity (decrease in the number of revertants or thinning of the bacterial lawn) was noted at any tested dose-level towards the five strains used, in any experiments, either with or without S9 mix.
The test item did not induce any noteworthy increase in the number of revertants, in any of the five strains, either with or without S9 mix.
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Interpretation of results (migrated information):
negative

The test item did not show any mutagenic activity in the bacterial reverse mutation test with Salmonella typhimurium, either in the presence or in the absence of a rat liver metabolizing system.
Executive summary:

The objective of this study was to evaluate the potential of the test item to induce reverse mutation in Salmonella typhimurium.

 

The study was performed according to the international guidelines (OECD No. 471 and Commission Directive No. B.13/14) and in compliance with the principles of Good Laboratory Practice.

 

Methods

A preliminary toxicity test was performed to define the dose-levels of Ethoxylated bisphenol A diacrylate to be used for the mutagenicity study. The test item was then tested in two independent experiments, with and without a metabolic activation system, the S9 mix, prepared from a liver post‑mitochondrial fraction (S9 fraction) of rats induced with Aroclor 1254.

 

Both experiments were performed according to the direct plate incorporation method except for the second test with S9 mix, which was performed according to the pre-incubation method (60 minutes, 37°C).

 

Five strains of bacteria Salmonella typhimurium: TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and TA 102 were used. Each strain was exposed to at least five dose-levels of the test item (three plates/dose‑level). After 48 to 72 hours of incubation at, the revertant colonies were scored.

The evaluation of the toxicity was performed on the basis of the observation of the decrease in the number of revertant colonies and/or a thinning of the bacterial lawn.

 

The test item Ethoxylated bisphenol A diacrylate was dissolved in dimethylsulfoxide (DMSO).

 

Results

The number of revertants for the vehicle and positive controls met the acceptance criteria. The study was therefore considered to be valid.

 

Since the test item was found freely soluble and non-cytotoxic in the preliminary test, the highest selected dose-level was 5000 µg/plate, according to the criteria specified in the international guidelines.

 

The selected treatment-levels were: 312.5, 625, 1250, 2500 and 5000 µg/plate for the five strains used in both mutagenicity experiments, with and without S9 mix.

 

A moderate emulsion was observed in the Petri plates when scoring the revertants at dose-levels >= 1250 µg/plate in the experiments performed using the direct plate incorporation method and at dose-levels ≥ 2500 µg/plate in the experiment performed using the pre-incubation method.

 

No noteworthy toxicity (decrease in the number of revertants or thinning of the bacterial lawn) was noted at any tested dose-level towards the five strains used, in any experiments, either with or without S9 mix.

 

The test item did not induce any noteworthy increase in the number of revertants, in any of the five strains, either with or without S9 mix.


Conclusion

The test item did not show any mutagenic activity in the bacterial reverse mutation test with Salmonella typhimurium, either in the presence or in the absence of liver metabolizing system.