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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Administrative data

biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
April 09 - May 07, 2010
1 (reliable without restriction)

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 301 F (Ready Biodegradability: Manometric Respirometry Test)
according to guideline
EPA OPPTS 835.3110 (Ready Biodegradability)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
EC Number:
EC Name:
Cas Number:
Molecular formula:

Study design

Oxygen conditions:
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge (adaptation not specified)
Details on inoculum:
The study was performer using aerobic activated sludge from AMIACQUE (Milano) wastewater treatment plant treating civil wastewater. The sludge was washed by centrifugation and the supernatant liquid phase decanted. A homogenized aliquot of the final sludge suspension was weighted, thereafter dried and the ratio of wet to dry weight was calculated as 4.8%.
Based on this ratio, calculated amounts of wet sludge were suspended in the test water to get a concentration equivalent to 3g dry material/L. During holding, the sludge was aerated at room temperature in dark conditions. Before using, the sludge inoculums was diluted with test water to obtain a final concentration of 15 mg/L.
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Initial test substance concentration
Initial conc.:
100 mg/L
Details on study design:
The assay on test item has been run in parallel with a ready biodegradable reference item, i.e. sodium benzoate, the inoculum control, the abiotic control containing the test item and a sterilizing agent (Hg2Cl2) and the toxicity control, containing test item, reference compound and inoculum.
BOD flasks of 500 mL capacity, equipped with pressure sensors fitted on the bottle mouth, have been used as test units.
Reference substance
Reference substance:
benzoic acid, sodium salt

Results and discussion

% Degradation
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Sampling time:
28 d
Details on results:
The test item is considered to be stable at the test conditions for a time corresponding to the exposure time (28 days). Therefore, all reported results are related to the nominal concentration of the test item.
The ThODNH3 values were calculated to be equal to 1.67 mg O2/mg for reference item and 1.87 mg O2/mg for test item-
The oxygen consumption due to nitrification was measured at the begging and at the end of the test and the absence of nitrification was assessed.
The test complies with the validity criteria since the mean oxygen uptake in the inoculums control at the end of test period was 25.0 mg O2/L and there was not difference between duplicate values of test item degradation at the end of the test period. Moreover, the reference item reached the biodegradation, pass level (60%) on the fourth day (62.4%).

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
Interpretation of results:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed
The test item was found to be not ready biodegrabable under the conditions applied in a Manometric Respirometry test, having showed a maximum biodegradation of 1.9% during the test period.