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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

Bioaccumulation tests are waived based on the fact that the available information is deemed sufficient for classification purposes, the PBT assessment and the chemical safety assessment.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

BCF (aquatic species):
174 L/kg ww

Additional information

According to REACH Annex IX, information on bioaccumulation in aquatic species, preferably fish, is required for substances manufactured or imported in quantities of 100 t/y or more unless the substance has a low potential for bioaccumulation (for instance a log Kow ≤ 3). However, REACH aims to reduce animal testing where possible and according to the Integrated Testing Strategy (ITS, Figure R.7.10-2) in ECHA Guidance R.7c (Endpoint specific guidance), all available information should be assessed before further testing for bioaccumulation is performed.

For classification purposes an experimentally derived high quality Log Kow value is suitable when a measured BCF on an aquatic organism is not available. 4-Methyl-3-decen-1-ol (Undecavertol) has a measured log Kow of 3.9. This is below the CLP Regulation EC 1272/2008 cut-off value of ≥ 4. Thus 4-methyl-3-decen-1-ol is not considered to have the potential to bioconcentrate for EU CLP classification purposes.

For the PBT and vPvB assessment a screening criterion has been established, which is log Kow greater than 4.5. According to ECHA Guidance Chapter R.11, the assumption behind this is that the uptake of an organic substance is driven by its hydrophobicity. For organic substances with a log Kow value below 4.5 it is assumed that the affinity for the lipids of an organism is insufficient to exceed the B criterion, i.e. a BCF value of 2000 L/kg (based on wet weight of the organism, which refers to fish in most cases). 4-Methyl-3-decen-1-ol has a measured log Kow of 3.9, which is below the B screening criterion of > 4.5.

For the chemical safety assessment, a reliable estimated BCF value may be used. A consensus modelling approach was employed to predict bioconcentration factors in fish.The experimentally determined high quality Log Kow value of 3.9 was used as an input term in three commonly used and scientifically valid QSARs. The estimated BCF values ranged from 123 to 412.

The BCF estimates of 387 L/kg and 412 L/kg obtained respectively from the Arnot-Gobas BCF QSAR (assuming a biotransformation rate of zero) and the linear model developed by Veith et al (1979) are considered conservative and worst-case.The Arnot-Gobas BCF QSAR (assuming a biotransformation rate of zero) was developed to fit upper bound BCF observations while the linear model developed by Veith et al (1979) is based on a limited data set of 56 chemicals, which are not expected to be metabolised.

4-Methyl-3-decen-1-ol is readily biodegradable and it is generally accepted that readily biodegradable chemicals have a higher probability of being metabolised to a significant extent in exposed organisms than less biodegradable chemicals. As such the Arnot-Gobas BCF QSAR (including biotransformation rate estimates) model predictions of 123 L/kg (upper trophic), 196 L/kg (mid trophic) and 219 L/kg (lower trophic) are considered to be more relevant and reliable. The BCFBAF v3.01 regression-based model predicts a similar BCF value of 174 L/kg. Although this regression model does not include biotransformation estimates (no correction factor was applied for 4-methyl-3-decen-1-ol) it was developed from a large data set of 396 diverse chemical and as such has a tendency to arrive at an average BCF value. Moreover, the model training set contains three non-halogenated aliphatic alcohols which are considered structural analogues of 4-methyl-3-decen-1-ol. For all three analogues the predicted BCF is higher than the experimental BCF. The over-prediction for this group of chemicals may be attributed to the alcohol functional group, which may be a site for metabolic attack. Taking into account the aforementioned analogue data, the predicted BCF value of 174 L/kg for 4-methyl-3-decen-1-ol has been chosen as a relevant and reliable conservative estimate for risk assessment purposes.