Registration Dossier

Toxicological information

Genetic toxicity: in vitro

Currently viewing:

Administrative data

Endpoint:
in vitro gene mutation study in bacteria
Remarks:
Type of genotoxicity: gene mutation
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: modern guideline study, conducted according to GLP

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2012
Report Date:
2012

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 471 (Bacterial Reverse Mutation Assay)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. certificate)
Type of assay:
bacterial reverse mutation assay

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
Test substance No.: 04/0402-2
Batch identification: 000STD77L0
Purity/composition: 99.9 area-%
Homogeneity: The homogeneity of the test substance was ensured by mixing before preparation of the test substance solutions.
Storage stability: The stability of the test substance under storage conditions throughout the study period was guaranteed until
18 May 2013 as indicated by the sponsor, and the sponsor holds this responsibility.

Method

Target gene:
his-operon, trp-operon
Species / strain
Species / strain / cell type:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and E. coli WP2
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Metabolic activation system:
cofactor supplemented post-mitochondrial fraction (S9 mix), prepared from the livers of rats treated with phenobarbital and beta-naphthoflavone
Test concentrations with justification for top dose:
0, 33, 100, 333, 1000, 2750, 5500 µg/plate
Vehicle / solvent:
- Vehicle(s)/solvent(s) used: DMSO
Controls
Untreated negative controls:
no
Negative solvent / vehicle controls:
yes
True negative controls:
no
Positive controls:
yes
Positive control substance:
4-nitroquinoline-N-oxide
9-aminoacridine
other: 2-aminoanthracene, N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, 4-nitro-o-phenylenediamine
Remarks:
with and without metabolic activation
Details on test system and experimental conditions:
The test substance N4-Amine N,N’-Bis-(3-Aminopropyl)-ethylenediamine was tested for mutagenicity in the Salmonella typhimurium / Escherichia coli reverse mutation assay both in the standard plate test and in the preincubation test with and without the addition of a metabolizing system (S9 mix) obtained from rat liver using the Salmonella strains TA 1535, TA 100, TA 1537, TA 98 and Escherichia coli WP2 uvrA.

1st Experiment
Strains: TA 1535, TA 100, TA 1537, TA 98, E. coli WP2 uvrA
Doses: 0; 33; 100; 333; 1 000; 2 750 and 5 500 μg/plate
Type of test: Standard plate test with and without S9 mix
Number of plates: 3 test plates per dose or per control

2nd Experiment
Strains: TA 1535, TA 100, TA 1537, TA 98, E. coli WP2 uvrA
Doses: 0; 33; 100; 333; 1 000; 2 750 and 5 500 μg/plate
Type of test: Preincubation test with and without S9 mix
Number of plates: 3 test plates per dose or per control
Reason: No mutagenicity was observed in the standard plate test.

Standard plate test
The experimental procedure of the standard plate test (plate incorporation method) is based on the method of Ames et al.

Preincubation Test
The experimental procedure is based on the method described by Yahagi et al. and Matsushima et al.
0.1 mL test solution or vehicle, 0.1 mL bacterial suspension and 0.5 mL S9 mix (with metabolic activation) or phosphate buffer (without metabolic activation) are incubated at 37°C for the duration of about 20 minutes using a shaker. Subsequently, 2 mL of soft agar is added and, after mixing, the samples are poured onto the agar plates within approx. 30 seconds.
After incubation at 37°C for 48 - 72 hours in the dark, the bacterial colonies are counted.
Evaluation criteria:
The test substance is considered positive in this assay if the following criteria are met:
- A dose-related and reproducible increase in the number of revertant colonies, i.e. about doubling of the spontaneous mutation rate in at least one tester strain either without S9 mix or after adding a metabolizing system.
A test substance is generally considered non-mutagenic in this test if:
- The number of revertants for all tester strains were within the historical negative control range under all experimental conditions in at least two experiments carried out independently of each other.

Results and discussion

Test results
Species / strain:
S. typhimurium TA 1535, TA 1537, TA 98, TA 100 and E. coli WP2
Metabolic activation:
with and without
Genotoxicity:
negative
Cytotoxicity / choice of top concentrations:
cytotoxicity
Remarks:
at highest test conditions (5500 µg/plate)
Vehicle controls validity:
valid
Untreated negative controls validity:
not examined
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks on result:
other: all strains/cell types tested
Remarks:
Migrated from field 'Test system'.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Conclusions:
Under the experimental conditions chosen, it is concluded that N4-Amine N,N’- Bis-(3-Aminopropyl)-ethylenediamine is not a mutagenic test substance in the bacterial reverse mutation test in the absence and the presence of metabolic activation.
Executive summary:

According to the results of the study, the test substance did not lead to a relevant increase in the number of revertant colonies either without S9 mix or after adding a metabolizing system in two experiments carried out independently of each other (standard plate test and preincubation assay). Besides, the results of the negative as well as the positive controls performed in parallel corroborated the validity of this study, since the values fulfilled the acceptance criteria of this study.

In this study with and without S9 mix, the number of revertant colonies in the negative controls was within or nearby the range of the historical negative control data for each tester strain.

In addition, the positive control substances both with and without S9 mix induced a significant increase in the number of revertant colonies within the range of the historical positive control data.