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Environmental fate & pathways

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Di-isodecyl phthalate has the potential to sorb to organic matter to a great extent.

A mean Koc value of 286,000 l/kg (log Koc = 5.46) was determined with a radiolabeled 14C-DIDP in experiments using three different sediments with organic content ranging from 0.15 to 1.88%. The OECD guideline used to measure this endpoint suggests the use of soil with an organic carbon content range of 0.6 to 3.5%.

Sediment partition coefficients were measured for the commercial phthalate ester, disodecyl phthalate (DIDP). The experimental procedure was based on the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Test Guideline 796.2750, “Sediment and Soil Adsorption Isotherm.” Three sediments were used: EPA 8 (0.15% organic carbon), EPA 18 (0.66% organic carbon), and EPA 21 (1.88% organic carbon). The Freundlich equation was used to calculate the organic carbon-normalized sediment/water partition coefficient (Koc), which averaged 2.86 E5 for DIDP. In general, these Koc values did not correlate well to either sediment or chemical properties. This lack of correlation suggested that the measured Koc values are suppressed, potentially as a function of experimental conditions. On the basis of these data, it was decided to investigate the dependence of Koc on sediment solids concentration and dissolved organic carbon. Analysis of these and earlier reported partition coefficient data indicated that measured Koc values for phthalate esters obtained in shake-flask experiments exhibited an inverse dependence on solids concentration. These results were consistent with partitioning models that are discussed. Depending on compound hydrophobicity, the particle-corrected Koc values were from one to three orders of magnitude higher than the measured Koc values. Therefore, if partition coefficient values obtained by using Test Guideline 796.2750 or similar shake-flask procedures are not corrected for solids effect, the estimates of the sediment pore-water concentration of the chemical is likely to be overestimated.

DIDP vapor pressure is very low, 0.000051 Pa, which suggests very limited volatilization from the terrestrial compartment. In comparison, Henry’s Law constant for DIDP is calculated as 114 Pa-m3/mole at 25 degrees C, which indicates that volatilization from water is not expected to occur at a rapid rate, but may occur at a significant rate. DIDP can volatilize to air from aqueous environments at a significant rate, but is expected to have limited volatilization from soil.

The Mackay Level I equilibrium model estimates that di-isodecyl phthalate ester will partition largely to the soil compartment (approximately 98%), followed by the sediment (approximately 2%) compartment.

The Mackay Level III equilibrium model estimates that DIDP will partition largely to the soil compartment (approximately 59%), followed by the sediment (approximately 36%), water (approximately 5%), and air (less than 1%) compartments, based on all available measured data. In comparison, the model estimates that DIDP will partition largely to the soil compartment (approximately 99%), followed by the sediment (approximately 1%), based on ECHA generic guidance.