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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

Inhalation
Keep at rest. Aerate with fresh air. Call a physician immediately. Symptoms of poisoning may develop many hours after exposure.

Skin
Wash off with 3% acetic acid followed by large amounts of plain water for at least 5 min as a final step. Immediate medical treatment is necessary as untreated wounds from corrosion of the skin heal slowly and with difficulty.

Eyes
Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses. Immediate medical attention is required.

Ingestion
Call a physician immediately. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.


Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Main symptoms: shortness of breath, convulsions, cough, hypertensive effect, headache, vomiting, allergic reactions, nausea, unconsciousness.

Special hazard: Stomach perforation, Lung oedema.


Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
General advice: Remove contaminated, soaked clothing immediately and dispose of safely. First aider needs to protect himself.
Treat as an alkaline substance (similar to ammonia). If ingested, irrigate the stomach. Treat skin and mucous membranes with antihistamine and corticoids. In case of lung irritation, first treatment with cortisone spray. Symptoms may be delayed. Later control for pneumonia and lung oedema.

Fire-fighting measures

Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media: alcohol-resistant foam, dry chemical, carbon dioxide (CO2), water spray

Unsuitable Extinguishing Media: Do not use a solid water stream as it may scatter and spread fire.


Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture

Under conditions giving incomplete combustion, hazardous gases produced may consist of: carbon monoxide (CO), carbon dioxide (CO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx)
Combustion gases of organic materials must in principle be graded as inhalation poisons. Vapour is heavier than air and can travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flashback


Advice for firefighters
Special protective equipment for firefighters: Fire fighter protection should include a self-contained breathing apparatus (NIOSH-approved or EN 133) and full fire-fighting turn out gear.

Precautions for firefighting: Cool containers / tanks with water spray. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Water run-off and vapor cloud may be corrosive. Keep people away from and upwind of fire.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
For non-emergency personnel: For personal protective equipment see SDS. Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid breathing vapors or mists. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.
For emergency responders: Personal protection see SDS.

Environmental precautions
Prevent further leakage or spillage. Do not discharge product into the aquatic environment without pretreatment (biological treatment plant).

Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
Methods for containment: Stop the flow of material, if possible without risk. Dike spilled material, where this is possible.

Methods for cleaning up: Soak up with inert absorbent material. DO NOT use combustible materials such as sawdust. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal. If liquid has been spilt in large quantities clean up promptly by scoop or vacuum. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours).

Reference to other sections
For personal protective equipment see SDS.

Handling and storage

Precautions for safe handling
Advice on safe handling: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not use compressed air for filling, discharging or handling. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product. Provide sufficient air exchange and/or exhaust in
work rooms. Refill and handle product only in closed system.

Hygiene measures: When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Take off all contaminated clothing immediately. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.

Advice on the protection of the environment: See SDS.

Incompatible products: strong acids, oxidizing agents.


Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Advice on protection against fire and explosion: Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours). In case of fire, emergency cooling with water spray should be available. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Vapour is heavier than air and can travel considerable distance to a source of ignition and flashback.

Technical measures/Storage conditions: Keep containers tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. Handle and open container with care. Handle under nitrogen, protect from moisture. Keep at temperatures between -18 and 38 °C (0 and 100 °F).

Temperature class: T2

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN 1125
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
n-Butylamine
Language:
English
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN 1125
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
n-Butylamine
Language:
English
Remarksopen allclose all

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN 1125
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
n-Butylamine
Remarksopen allclose all

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
UN 1125
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
n-Butylamine
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Appropriate Engineering controls
General or dilution ventilation is frequently insufficient as the sole means of controlling employee exposure. Local ventilation is usually preferred. Explosion-proof equipment (for example fans, switches, and grounded ducts) should be used in mechanical ventilation systems.


Personal protective equipment
General industrial hygiene practice: Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapours or spray mist. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.

Hygiene measures: When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Take off all contaminated clothing immediately. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.

Eye protection: Tightly fitting safety goggles. In addition to goggles, wear a face shield if there is a reasonable chance for splash to the face.
Equipment should conform to EN 166

Hand protection: Wear protective gloves. Recommendations are listed below. Other protective material may be used, depending on the situation, if adequate degradation and permeation data is available. If other chemicals are used in conjunction with this chemical, material selection should be based on protection for all chemicals present.

Suitable material: Viton
Evaluation: according to EN 374: level 3
Glove thickness: approx 0,5 mm
Break through time: approx 40 min
Suitable material: polyvinylchloride
Evaluation: Information derived from practical experience
Glove thickness: approx 0,8 mm

Skin and body protection: Impervious clothing. Wear face-shield and protective suit for abnormal processing problems.

Respiratory protection: Respirator with A filter. Full mask with above mentioned filter according to producers using requirements or self-contained breathing apparatus. Equipment should conform to EN 136 or EN 140 and EN 143.

Environmental exposure controls: Use product only in closed system. If leakage can not be prevented, the substance needs to be suck off at the emersion point, if possible without danger. Observe the exposure limits, clean exhaust air if needed. If recycling is not practicable, dispose of in compliance with local regulations. Inform the responsible authorities in case of leakage into the atmosphere, or of entry into waterways, soil or drains.

Stability and reactivity

Reactivity: The reactivity of the product corresponds to the typical reactivity shown by the substance group as described in any text book on organic chemistry.

Chemical stability: Stable under recommended storage conditions.

Possibility of hazardous reactions: Hazardous polymerisation does not occur.

Conditions to avoid: Avoid contact with heat, sparks, open flame and static discharge. Avoid any source of ignition.

Incompatible materials: strong acids, oxidizing agents.

Hazardous decomposition products: No decomposition if stored and applied as directed. If heated to thermal decomposition the following decomposition products may occur depending on the conditions. carbon monoxide (CO). nitrogen oxides (NOx). cyanides. nitric acid. nitriles.

Disposal considerations

Waste treatment methods
Product Information: Disposal required in compliance with all waste management related state and local regulations. The choice of the appropriate method of disposal depends on the product composition by the time of disposal as well as the local statutes and possibilities for disposal.
Hazardous waste according to European Waste Catalogue (EWC)

Uncleaned empty packaging: Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible and after appropriate cleansing may be taken for reuse.