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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

in vivo mammalian somatic cell study: cytogenicity / erythrocyte micronucleus
Type of genotoxicity: chromosome aberration
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP compliant guideline study, available as unpublished report, no restrictions, fully adequate for assessment.

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 474 (Mammalian Erythrocyte Micronucleus Test)
according to guideline
EU Method B.12 (Mutagenicity - In Vivo Mammalian Erythrocyte Micronucleus Test)
GLP compliance:
Type of assay:
micronucleus assay

Test material

Constituent 1
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
migrated information: powder
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): FAT 40'181/B

Test animals

other: non-consanguinous OF-1 albino mice originating from an SPF colony
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
- Source: IFFA-CREDO, L'Arbresle, France
- Weight at study initiation: 25g
- Housing: Animals were housed 5 of the same sex per cage in Makrolon type III cages.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): Aliment Rats-Souris Charles River, produced by U.A.R., Villemoisson/Orge, France, ad libitum
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Quarantaine period: 1 week at Battelle

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
distilled water
Details on exposure:
Intragastric intubation: using 0.5 mL of a solution at 200 mg/mL per 25 g body weight.
Frequency of treatment:
single treatment
Post exposure period:
- Test substance: 20, 44 and 68 hours
- Controls: 44 hours
Doses / concentrations
Doses / Concentrations:
4000 mg/kg bw
actual ingested
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Control animals:
yes, concurrent vehicle
Positive control(s):
Thio-TEPA (N, N', N"-triethylenethiophosphoramide), reference N° 509-227, made by Lederle Laboratories Ltd.
- Doses / concentrations: 20 mg/kg


Tissues and cell types examined:
normochromatic and polychromatic erythrocytes
Details of tissue and slide preparation:
First a preliminary range finding test was carried out by treating three groups of two female mice each at concentrations of 4000, 3000, 2000 mg/kg body weight. As no death occurred within 72 hours, the concentration of 4000 mg/kg was chosen for the main-test.

After sacrifice of the animals the femurs were taken and broken open at one end. Bone marrow cells were suspended in foetal calf serum using a small syringe, and the cells were centrifuged at 120 x g for 5 minutes. The supernatant was removed with a Pasteur pipette, cells were spread on a microscope slide and the smears allowed to dry in air. The following day smears were stained with Giemsa (1:6 in water), dried and mounted with a coverslip.

Two types of erythrocytes were observed in the bone marrow smears: normochromatic (mature red blood cells about to pass into the blood stream) and polychromatic (immature red blood cells). The latter are stained blue by Giemsa for around 24 h after the expulsion of the erythroblast nucleus: the staining is probably due to traces of RNA remaining in these cells. The proportion of polychromatic erythrocytes containing one or more micronuclei was compared with the total number of polychromatic erythrocytes, and statistical comparisons were made between these ratios for the different groups. A minimum of 500 polychromatic erythrocytes were counted per smear (two smears per animal). In each smear an evaluation was made of the number of nucleated cells and the two types of erythrocytes (normochromatic and polychromatic) were counted up to a total of 2000 erythrocytes per animal. This was done in order to gain information on the mode of action of the test compound in bone marrow cells, and also to identify possible artifacts.
Evaluation criteria:
Not specified
Not specified

Results and discussion

Test results
no effects
Vehicle controls validity:
Negative controls validity:
not applicable
Positive controls validity:
Additional information on results:
- At low magnification of the microscope no noticeable differences in bone marrow nucleated cells were observed between animals treated with the test substance and negative controls. In the positive control group (Thio-TEPA) decreased numbers of nucleated bone marrow cells were noted.
- There was no statistically significant increase in the number of micronucleated polychromatic erythrocytes in animals exposed to 4000 mg/kg bw of the test substance compared to negative control animals. In animals treated with Thio-TEPA there was a statistically significant increased number of micronucleated cells. The ratio of polychromatic to normochromatic erythrocytes was markedly decreased in mice treated with Thio-TEPA. There was no statistically significant difference in this ratio between animals treated with the test substance and the negative controls.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results (migrated information): negative
The test substance is not considered to be mutagenic in the micronucleus test.
Executive summary:

In a GLP-compliant micronucleus test, tested according to OECD guideline 474, 5 non-consanguinous OF-1 albino mice originating from an SPF colony per sex per treatment group were treated once by oral gavage with the test substance 4000 mg/kg bw dissolved in distilled water followed by a 20, 44, 68 hour exposure period. In a preliminary range finding study the concentration of 4000 mg/kg bw was chosen for the main-test. A positive control (Thio-TEPA) administered at a concentration of 20 mg/kg bw showed pronounced evidence of mutagenicity 44 h after administration.

No mutagenic effect was observed in bone marrow smears taken 20, 44 and 68 h after administration of the test substance.