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Toxicological information

Eye irritation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
ca. September-October 1967
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Basic study data given, according to standards/guidelines; Observation limited to 72 hrs, no information is available on reversibility.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1967
Report Date:
1967

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 405 (Acute Eye Irritation / Corrosion)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
6 animals instead of 3 animals; no observations at 60 min, or after 3 days
Principles of method if other than guideline:
According to FDA - Federal Register, 17 September 1964, par. 191.12
GLP compliance:
no
Remarks:
pre-GLP

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Details on test material:
Lot no.: 15
Date of receipt: 26 September 1967

Test animals / tissue source

Species:
rabbit
Strain:
other: albino
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: no data
- Age at study initiation: no data
- Weight at study initiation: no data
- Housing: no data
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): no data
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): no data
- Acclimation period: no data


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): no data
- Humidity (%): no data
- Air changes (per hr): no data
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): no data


IN-LIFE DATES: somewhere between 26 September 1967 (receipt of test material) and 17 November 1967 (date of report).

Test system

Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not required
Amount / concentration applied:
0.1 ml
Duration of treatment / exposure:
single application in one eye
Observation period (in vivo):
3 days
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
6
Details on study design:
REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): if done, after the 24-h reading (according to protocol)

SCORING SYSTEM (Fed. Reg. 17 SEptember 1964, Sec. 191.12):

1. CORNEA
No ulceration or opacity 0
Scattered or diffuse areas of opacity, details of iris clearly visible 1*
Easily discernible translucent areas, details of iris slightly obscured 2
Nacreous areas, no details of iris visible, size of pupil barely discernible 3
Complete corneal opacity, iris invisible 4

2. IRIS
Normal 0
Folds above normal, congestion, swelling, circumcorneal injection
(any or all of these or combination of any thereof), iris still reacting to light
(sluggish reaction is positive) 1*
No reaction to light, haemorrhage, gross destruction (any or all of these) 2

3. CONJUNCTIVAE
Redness (refers to palpebral and bulbar conjunctivae excluding cornea and iris)
Vessels normal 0
Some vessels definitely injected 1
Diffuse, crimson red, indiviual vessels not easily discernible 2*
Diffuse beefy red 3

Chemosis
No swelling 0
Any swelling above normal (includes nictitating membrane) 1
Obvious swelling with partial eversion of lids 2*
Swelling with lids about half closed 3
Swelling with lids more than half closed 4
* = considered positive

TOOL USED TO ASSESS SCORE: fluorescein (after the 24-h reading)

Results and discussion

In vivo

Resultsopen allclose all
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
other: no observations after 3 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #1
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
other: no observations after 3 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.67
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #2
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.67
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.67
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
other: no observations after 3 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.67
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #3
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
other: no observations after 3 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.33
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #4
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.33
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2.67
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
other: no observations after 3 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #5
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
4
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
cornea opacity score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
2
Max. score:
2
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
other: no observations after 3 days
Irritation parameter:
iris score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
1
Max. score:
1
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
conjunctivae score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3
Max. score:
3
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritation parameter:
chemosis score
Basis:
animal #6
Time point:
24/48/72 h
Score:
3.33
Max. score:
4
Reversibility:
not specified
Irritant / corrosive response data:
All 6 eyes showed a positive reaction consisting of corneal opacity, iritis, and severe conjunctivitis. The conjunctivae were
obviously swollen causing almost complete closure of the eyelids.
Other effects:
No data

Any other information on results incl. tables

Summary of ocular lesions

Anim.

No.

Effect

Hours

Days after application

Mean

score cornea

Days

1/2/3

Mean

score

iritis

Days

1/2/3

Mean score redness Days 1/2/3

Mean score chemosis Days 1/2/3

1

1

2

3

7

21

1

Cornea

Iris

Redness

Chemosis

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

3

2

1

3

3

2

1

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.0

1.0

3.0

3.0

2

Cornea

Iris

Redness

Chemosis

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

3

2

1

3

3

2

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.0

1.0

2.67

2.67

3

Cornea

Iris

Redness

Chemosis

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

4

3

1

3

3

3

1

2

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.67

1.0

2.67

3.33

4

Cornea

Iris

Redness

Chemosis

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

3

2

1

2

2

2

1

2

2

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.0

1.0

2.33

2.33

5

Cornea

Iris

Redness

Chemosis

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

4

3

1

3

4

3

1

3

4

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.67

1.0

3.0

4.0

6

Cornea

Iris

Redness

Chemosis

-

-

-

-

2

1

3

4

2

1

3

3

2

1

3

3

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

2.0

1.0

3.0

3.33

Mean all anim.

2.22

1.0

2.78

3.11

- = no observation done

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Category 1 (irreversible effects on the eye) based on GHS criteria
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
The test compound was irritating to the rabbit eye. Because no information is available on reversibility within 21 days, based on the type and severity of the changes observed (corneal opacity, iritis, and severe conjunctivitis; the conjunctivae were obviously
swollen causing almost complete closure of the eyelids), it is expected that changes might still be present after 21 days. Therefore, the test compound was classified Category 1 according to OECD-GHS.
Executive summary:

A study was performed to assess the irritancy potential of the test material to the eye of albino rabbits. The method used generally followed that described in the OECD Guidelines for Testing of Chemicals No. 405 "Acute Eye Irritation/Corrosion". A single application of the test material to the non-irrigated eye of six rabbits produced clear corneal opacity, moderate iritis, and severe conjunctival irritation. The conjunctivae were obviously swollen causing almost complete closure of the eyelids. Observations were made up to 72 h after exposure; therefore no information is available on

reversibility.

The test compound was irritating to the rabbit eye. Because no information is available on reversibility within 21 days, based on the type and severity of the changes observed (corneal opacity, iritis, and severe conjunctivitis), it is expected that changes may still be present after 21 days. Therefore, the test compound was classified Category 1 according to OECD-GHS.