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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
10 August 1998 - 1 September 1998
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study performed according to international guidelines and under GLP.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1999
Report date:
1999

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 420 (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 bis (Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Procedure)
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
fixed dose procedure
Limit test:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
849705-80-2
Cas Number:
849705-80-2
IUPAC Name:
849705-80-2
Details on test material:
Identity: P-2290
Chemical name: 2-Oxetanone, 3-(C14-16 and C16-unsatd. branched and linear alkyl) 4-(C15-17 and C17-unsatd. branched and linear alkylidene) derivs
Appearance: Brown waxy liquid
Storage conditions: 4°C in the dark
Batch number: No data
Composition: Alkyl ketene dimer > 85%, Toluene <20ppm
Sample receive: 8 May 1998

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
Sprague-Dawley
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan UK Ltd, Bicester, Oxon, England
- Age at study initiation: 5-7 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 88-101g
- Fasting period before study: Access to food only was prevented overnight prior to and for approximately 4 hours after dosing.
- Housing: Rats were allocated without conscious bias to cages within the treatment group and housed in groups of five rats of the same sex in metal cages with grid floors in Building R14 Room 6.
- Diet (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum, standard laboratory rodent diet. The batch of diet used for the study was analysed for certain nutrients, possible contaminants and microorganisms.
- Water (e.g. ad libitum): ad libitum
- Acclimation period: 5 days


ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21-26
- Humidity (%): 39-60
- Air changes (per hr): no data
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12


IN-LIFE DATES: 10 August 1998 - 1 September 1998

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 2.27 ml/kg bodyweight (specific gravity 0.8813).

DOSAGE PREPARATION (if unusual): Due to the physical characteristics of the test material at room temperature, P-2290 was warmed in a water bath (44°C) until melted, prior to dosing.
Doses:
Sighting study
500 mg/kg bw or 2000 mg/kg bw.

Main study
2000 mg/kg bodyweight. .
No. of animals per sex per dose:
Sighting study
Two female rats.

Main study
A group of ten rats (five males and five females).
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: Animals in the sighting study were observed for seven days afier dosing. Animals in the main study were observed for 14 days after dosing.
- Frequency of observations and weighing: Cages of rats were checked at least twice daily for any mortalities. Animals were observed soon afier dosing and at frequent intervals for the remainder of Day 1. On subsequent days, surviving animals were observed once in the morning and again at the end of the experimental day (with the exception of the last day of observation - morning only). The nature and severity of the clinical signs and time were recorded at each observation. The bodyweight of each rat in the main study was recorded on Days 1, (prior to dosing), 2, 3, 4, 8, and 15, or at death. Individual weekly bodyweight changes and group mean bodyweights were calculated.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: All animals were subjected to a macroscopic examination which consisted of opening the cranial, abdominal and thoracic cavities. The macroscopic appearance of all tissues was recorded.
Statistics:
Not applicable

Results and discussion

Preliminary study:
Initially, one female rat was dosed at 500 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs in this animal were confined to piloerection and hunched posture. Recovery was complete by Day 4. Bodyweight gain was considered satisfactory for studies of this nature and duration and no macroscopic abnormalities were noted at the terminal necropsy on Day 8.
Subsequently, in accordance with the study guideline, a further female was treated at 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. Clinical signs in this animal comprised piloerection, hunched posture and increased salivation. Recovery was complete by Day 2. Bodyweight gain was considered satisfactory for studies of this nature and duration and no macroscopic abnormalities were noted at the terminal necropsy on Day 8.
Since the sighting study indicated that the discriminating dose was expected to be 2000 mg/kg bodyweight, this dose level was selected in compliance with the study guideline, as a suitable dosage for the main study.
Effect levels
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Remarks on result:
other: No mortalities were observed.
Mortality:
None
Clinical signs:
Piloerection was observed in all rats immediately following dosing. This sign persisted and was accompanied in all rats later in the study by hunched posture and waddling/unsteady gait. In addition, abnormal faeces (seen in two males and two females) and ungroomed appearance (seen in one male and all females) were also observed. Recovery of rats was complete in all animals by Day 2.
Body weight:
All rats were considered to have achieved satisfactory bodyweight gains throughout the study.
Gross pathology:
Macroscopic examination of animals killed at study termination on Day 15 revealed no abnormalities.
Other findings:
None

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
study cannot be used for classification
Remarks:
Migrated information
Conclusions:
A limit study showed that the LD50 is > 2000 mg/kg bw. Other supporting information shows that the LD50 is > 5000 mg/kg bw. Thereforre the test substance is not classified under GHS although in this study the dose was not higher than 2000 mg/kg bw.
Executive summary:

This study was performed to assess the acute oral toxicity of P-2290 to the rat. The method followed was that described in: EEC Methods for the determination of toxicity, Annex to Directive 92/69EEC (OJ No. L383A, 29.12.92), Part B, Method B. 1 bis. Acute toxicity (oral) - fixed dose method. OECD Guideline for Testing of Chemicals No.420 'Acute Oral Toxicity - Fixed Dose Method' Adopted 17 July 1992. A group of ten fasted rats (five males and five females) was given a single dose by oral gavage of the test substance, as supplied by the Sponsor, at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg bodyweight. This dose level was chosen after review of results from a sighting study. All animals were killed and examined macroscopically on Day 15, the end of the observation period. There were no deaths. Clinical signs of reaction to treatment were confined to piloerection, hunched posture and waddlingiunsteady gait, seen in all rat. In addition, abnormal faeces and ungroomed appearance were less commonly observed. Recovery of rats was complete in all instances by Day 2. All rats were considered to have achieved satisfactory bodyweight gains throughout the study. Macroscopic examination of animals killed at study termination on Day 15 revealed no abnormalities. The LD50 is > 2000 mg/kg bw.