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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Administrative data

Link to relevant study record(s)

Description of key information

No reliable short-term data were available specifically relating to birds. However, the key study by Millam et al (2001) reported a NOEL of 100 nmol/g bw/d, which converts to a NOEC of 70.8 mg/kg food based on Zerba Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) reproductive endpoints.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Long-term EC10, LC10 or NOEC for birds:
70.8 mg/kg food

Additional information

No reliable short-term data were available specifically relating to birds. However, the key study by Millam et al (2001) reported a NOEL of 100 nmol/g bw/d, which converts to a NOEC of 70.8 mg/kg food based on Zerba Finch (Taeniopygia guttata) reproductive endpoints. The methodology does deviate from standard test guidelines, particularly in relation to the duration of the study which was reduced because of the smaller bird species (a non-standard species). However, the study is deemed to be reliable with restriction for REACH assessment as it is indicative of avian toxicity.