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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Classification & Labelling & PBT assessment

PBT assessment

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Administrative data

PBT assessment: overall result

PBT status:
the substance is not PBT / vPvB


A structurally related substance was found readily biodegradable in an OECD 301F study (STZ, 2010a) with 71.7% degradation in 28 days.

=> Not P and not vP


alpha-Pinene is one of the main constituent of GUM TURPENTINE OIL.

BCF has been estimated by the geometric mean of three QSAR data on (-)-alpha-pinene.

- BCFBAF v3.01 module of EPI Suite (v4.0) - Regression-based estimate

- BCF-BAF v3.01 module of EPI Suite (v4.0) (including biotransformation) - Arnot-Gobas lower trophic level

- A model described in Technical Guidance Risk Assessment (European Chemicals Bureau, 2003) - Part II, Chapter 3.8, equation (74) p. 126

Geometric mean value for BCF is 855.7 L/kg.

=> Not B and not vB


- None of the acute aquatic toxicity values of gum turpentine oil exceed the criteria for toxicity stipulated in the ECHA’s Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment - Part C: PBT Assessment.

- Not classified as carcinogenic, mutagenic or toxic for reproduction according to Directive 67/548/EEC or Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008.

- No evidence of chronic toxicity as identified by the classifications T, R48 or Xn, R48 according to Directive 67/548/EEC or specific target organ toxicity after repeated exposure (STOT RE category 1 or 2) according to Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008.

=> Not T