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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

dermal absorption in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
1 (reliable without restriction)

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
according to guideline
OECD Guideline 428 (Skin Absorption: In Vitro Method)
GLP compliance:

Test material

Constituent 1
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Dioctyl Carbonate
- Physical state: liquid
- Analytical purity: 97%

Test animals

other: in vitro

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Duration of exposure:
24 hours
30 µL
Details on study design:
The aim of the present study was to investigate the in vitro penetration of dioctyl carbonate from the product Cetiol CC at human skin of 3 different donors in vitro according to SCCP requirements and to OECD Guideline 428. The test item was only checked for penetration characteristics into the skin, not for permeation properties across the skin into an aqueous acceptor medium. Because of its low water solubility it is not possible to detect the emollient in the usually used acceptor buffer KRB, pH 7.4.
The product provided by the customer was used undiluted. The first step of the study was to establish an analytical method for quantification of the substance. The described analytical method was developed to quantify the compound in the used extraction medium. The method was validated under GLP conditions for this purpose. At the same time the stability of the substance was tested over 24 hours at 25 °C in the extraction medium employed in the penetration studies (methanol). At the beginning of the study, the DOE content in the test item was determined by LC-MS in triplicate. Additionally the content of the substance after skin contact was determined. The penetration of dioctyl carbonate from the test item was investigated at human skin from 3 donors in two fold (n=2) for each donor (totalizing n=6) conformable to the SOP M 019 at Across Barriers. The skin specimen was internally encoded according to the corresponding SOP A 005 at Across Barriers. Full thickness skin was used. The skin thickness was measured immediately before
performing the studies. At the end of the penetration experiment the remaining substance content at the skin surface was determined. For that goal the test item was collected with cotton swabs and transferred to a falcon tube with the extraction medium; this is the so-called wash procedure. After removing residual emollient, the concentration of the substance in the skin - in the Stratum corneum and deeper skin layers - was quantified. The upper corneous layer of the skin was stripped off and the residual skin was cryo-sectioned. The content of dioctyl carbonate in the filter placed under the skin was measured. After the in vitro study a mass recovery was carried out to determine the mass balance and local distribution of dioctyl carbonate in the different skin compartments. For that goal a quotient of total mass of dioctylcarbonate at the end of the study on the skin surface, in Stratum corneum, Epidermis/Dermis and the
used filter versus the applied amount of the substance in the test item at the start of the study was calculated. Parallel to the in vitro studies with dioctyl carbonate at human skin, the permeability of Caffeine was carried out (MEA: multiple endpoint analysis) at a concentration of 10 mg/L in Krebs-Ringer-buffer (KRB) at pH 7.4 (n=2 for 2 skin donors, n=3 for 1 skin donor). Caffeine is a recommended marker molecule of the OECD Guideline for the quality control of human skin. The results of the Caffeine permeation were compared with the permeability coefficients of previous studies on historical human skin membranes of different origin at Across Barriers.
Details on in vitro test system (if applicable):
- Source of skin: human skin
- Type of skin: abdomen

- Diffusion cell: Franz cell
- Test temperature: 25%
- Occlusion: no
- Reference substance(s): caffeine

Results and discussion

Signs and symptoms of toxicity:
not examined
Dermal irritation:
not examined
Absorption in different matrices:
The mass recovery calculations present amounts and percentages of compound which penetrated and remained in the donor compartment. The mean amount of dioctyl carbonate removed from the skin surface (skin wash) ranged from 71,8 to 121,5 % of the dose applied. The mean recovery in the two first tape strips was 0.10% during all performed experiments. In the further 18 tape strips a mean recovery of 0.22% was documented. The mean absorbed dose of dioctyl carbonate, sum of the amounts found in the viable epidermis, dermis and filter, was 0.03 %. That means, most of the test item remains at the skin surface, a small amount migrates into the Stratum corneum and an even smaller amount enters the deeper skin layers.
Total recovery:
The results from the extraction method have shown that methanol was suitable for performing the penetration experiments presenting recovery values which has ranged between 91,5 and 114 %.
Percutaneous absorption
30 µL
> 0 - < 1 %
Remarks on result:
other: 24 hours

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Most of the test item remains at the skin surface, a small amount migrates into the Stratum corneum and an even smaller amount enters the deeper skin layers.