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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Dilactide rapidly hydrolyses upon contact with water (hydrolysis half-life at 20 °C is ca. 1.45–3.0 hours), forming lactoyl lactic acid, which is further degraded to lactic acid. Therefore, the environmental fate of dilactide can be understood in terms of lactic acid.

Physicochemical properties of enantiomers are essentially identical, except for those dependent on a chiral environment (e.g. optical activity, see e.g. Most if not all environmental fate processes take place in a non-chiral or 'racemic' environment, and thus will not discriminate between enantiomers. Therefore, albeit the above hydrolysis rates were determined for L-lactide, they are equivalently applicable also to dilactide. L- and D-lactic acid are both ubiquitous constituents of biological systems and are produced and metabolised by many bacteria and other micro- and macro-organisms. Consequently, both L- and D-lactic acid are completely biodegradable, but this is also true for dilactide itself. Therefore, data for L-lactic acid are fully valid for D-lactic acid, and by proxy for dilactide.

Both dilactide and its hydrolysis product, a mixture of L- and D-lactic acid will be present predominantly in aqueous compartments, neither of them will bioaccumulate or bioconcentrate, and dilactide is rapidly biodegraded, therefore not persistent.

Additional information