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Ecotoxicological information

Short-term toxicity to fish

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Description of key information

LC50 (96h) = 1.1 mg/L (nominal) for Danio rerio (EU method C.1, read across)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Fresh water fish

Fresh water fish
Effect concentration:
1.1 mg/L

Additional information

Since no studies assessing the short-term toxicity of Benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-5-dodecyl-, oxime, branched (CAS1233873-37-4) to fish is available, in accordance to Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 Annex XI, 1.5 Grouping of substances, a read-across to the structurally related source substance Benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-5-nonyl, oxime, branched (CAS 174333-80-3) was conducted. The only structural difference between the source substance and the target substance is the slightly (two C-atoms) shorter carbon chain of the source substance at the the phenol ring. The read across is justified due to (i) the similarity of structure and functional groups and accordingly (ii) similar physico-chemical properties resulting in a similar environmental fate and ecotoxicity profile:

Table 1: Physico-chemical properties, efate and ecotoxicological profile of the target and the source substance

Substance

Benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-5 -dodecyl, oxime, branched

Benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-5-nonyl, oxime, branched

CAS number

1233873-37-4

174333-80-3

Structure

see attachment (chapter 6.1)

see attachment (chapter 6.1)

Molecular formula

C19H31N1O2

C16O2N1H25

Molecular weight

~ 305.46 g/mole

~ 263 g/mole

PC parameter

 

 

Water solubility

0.3 mg/L (OECD 105)

0.4 mg/L (EU method A.6)

Partition coefficient

> 5.7 (EU method L3B3 A/63 -73)

5.5 (EU method A.8)

Vapour pressure

< 0.39 Pa at 20 °C (estimation based on Grain-Watson method)

0.37 Pa at 20 °C (OECD 104)

Environmental fate

 

 

Biodegradability

-

0 % in 28 days (OECD 302c)

Adsorption [log KOC]

4.4 (OECD 121)

3.7 (OECD 121)

Hydrolysis

not relevant due to low water solubility

Ecotoxicology

 

 

Short-term toxicity to fish

[96h-LC50]

-

1.1 mg/L (EU method C.1)

Short-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

[48h-EC50]

-

2.7 mg/L (EU method C.2)

Long-term toxicity to aquatic invertebrates

[21d-NOEC]

-

0.189 mg/L (OECD 211)

Short-term toxicity to algae

[72h-EC50]

498.32 mg/L (OECD 201)

36.3 mg/L (OECD 201)

Long-term toxicity to algae

[72h-NOEC]

101.2 mg/L (OECD 201)

14.9 mg/L (OECD 201)

Toxicity to microorganisms

[3h-EC10]

-

200.4 mg/L (OECD 209)

The study with the read across substance was performed according to GLP and EU method C.1 using Danio rerio as test organism (Scholz 1996). The test material was applied directly to the test vessels. Analytical monitoring in water was omited due to the very low water solubility. All validity criteria were fulfilled. The LC50 is determined to be 1.1 mg/L based on nominal concentration.

Based on the high structural similarity which leads to similar behavior in the environment (as explained above) this conclusion can also be considered true for Benzaldehyde, 2-hydroxy-5-dodecyl-, oxime, branched (CAS1233873-37-4).