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Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to birds

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
short-term toxicity to birds: acute oral toxicity test
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Scientifically acceptable, basic data given

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
publication
Title:
The acute toxicity, repellency, and hazard potential of 998 chemicals to one or more species of wild and domestic birds
Author:
Schafer EW jr et al.
Year:
1983
Bibliographic source:
Arch Environ Contam Toxicol 12(3): 355-382

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
Acute oral toxicity according to:
De Cino et al. (1966). Toxicity of DRC-1339 to starlings. J Wildl Manage 30: 249-253.
Schafer (1972). The acute oral toxicity of 369 pesticidal, pharmaceutical and other chemicals to wild birds. Toxicol Appl Pharmacol 21: 315-330.
Schafer et al. (1967). Substituted phenyl n-methylcarbamates as temporary immobilizing agents for birds. J Agric Food Chem 15: 287-289.
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Dose method:
gavage
Analytical monitoring:
no
Vehicle:
yes
Details on preparation and analysis of diet:
DIET PREPARATION
- Description and nutrient analysis of basal diet provided in study report: no
- Type and function of solvent/vehicle: solution or suspension in propylene glycol
- Amount of vehicle: no data

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
other: Agelaius phoeniceus (Redwing blackbird)
Details on test organisms:
- wild caught
- preconditioned to captivity for 2-6 weeks
- number of test animals: 130

Study design

Limit test:
no
Post exposure observation period:
7 d observation period after single dose
Nominal and measured doses / concentrations:
dosage level: quarter log intervals (3-10 levels)

Examinations

Details on reproductive parameters:
ACCLIMATION
- Acclimation period: 2-6 weeks

PEN SIZE AND CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS
- Caging: individual

NO. OF BIRDS PER REPLICATE
- For treated: 4-6

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Duration (if not bolus):
7 d
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
>= 98 mg/kg bw
Basis for effect:
mortality
Remarks on result:
other: estimated based on food consumption data over 18 h period

Applicant's summary and conclusion