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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

Description of key information

The value of NOAEL for repeated dose toxicity is 150 mg/kg bw/day based on minor modulations observed in both genders, such as slight changes in the pH of urine, spleen enlargement and colour by the test substance, with no other overt evidence of tissue damage, dysfunction, or increased tissue weight.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Toxic effect type:

Repeated dose toxicity: via oral route - systemic effects

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Dose descriptor:
150 mg/kg bw/day
Study duration:

Additional information

Acid Black 210 was tested for 42 day repeated oral administration to wistar rats by gavage at the dose levels of 50, 150 and 450mg/kg bw/day. At these doses neither mortality nor overt signs of toxicity or other modulation in functional observation were observed in both genders of each group. In particular the only effect observed up to the dose of 150mg/kg bw/dayin both genders was an increased pigmentation (dark-grey colour) along with slight enlargement of the spleen. However, nor increase in spleen weight neither significant modulations have been observed in both haematological and biochemical parameters of both genders. For these reasons, though the modulation observed in spleen is likely to be due to repeated exposure to the test compound no other detectable adverse alterations of morphology, functional capacity, growth, development, or life span were observed. Thus, the value of NOAEL (No Observed Adverse Effect Level) was established as150 mg/kg bw/day in both genders. On the contrary, the dose of 450 mg/kg bw/day exerted significant modulations both in haematological and biochemical parameters. as well as increased occurrence of dark coloured kidneys, spleen, liver, lymph nodes and ovaries. Moreover at the highest dose level significant alteration of absolute spleen and brain weight was also observed.

Another study was perfomed on Acid Black 210 following OECD 407 (Stahl, 1996) with oral administration.

Oral administration of 1000mg Substance mg/kg for 28 consecutive days produced toxicity shown by reductions in bodyweight and food consumption, a mild regenerating haemolytic anaemia and changes in liver function and adrenal pathology.

The NOAEL was found to be 150 mg/kg bw/day and NOEL equal to 25 mg/kg bw/day.

The two studies on Acid black 210 show the same level of toxicity (as NOAEL) for repeated dose toxicity testing, equal to 150 mg/kg bw/day. This value was then used for CSA.

Justification for classification or non-classification

Regulation "EC 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures", regarding classification criteria for substances (Annex I, table 3.9.1) states that "Substances are classified in category 2 for target organ toxicity (repeated exposure) on the basis of observations from appropriate studies in experimental animals in which significant toxic effects, of relevance to human health, were produced at generally moderate exposure concentrations".

Moreover, at paragraph it reads:" In order to help reach a decision about whether a substance shall be classified or not, and to what degree it shall be classified, dose/concentration ‘guidance values’ are provided for consideration of the dose/concentration which has been shown to produce significant health effects. Repeated-dose studies conducted in experimental animals are designed to produce toxicity at the highest dose used in order to optimise the test objective and so most studies will reveal some toxic effect at least at this highest dose. What is therefore to be decided is not only what effects have been produced, but also at what dose/concentration they were produced and how relevant is that for humans". These "guidance values" are provided in table 3.9.3, and refers to effects observed in a standard 90 day repeated dose study in which classification is not applicable when "significant toxic effects" are detected over a dose of 100 mg/kg/day. Then by using dose/exposure extrapolation similar to Haber's rule for inhalation which states that "the effective dose is directly proportional to the exposure concentration and the duration of exposure" we might put forward the hypothesis that classification is not applicable in a 42 day repeated toxicity study if significant toxic effects are observed over a dose of about 150-200 mg/kg/day.

The repeated oral toxicity test (42 day) of the present study did not exert significant toxic effects in morphology, growth, central nervous system depression of animals up to the dose of 450 mg/kg/day.

Moreover, neither death nor moribund conditions were reported up to this dose for all animals of both genders. These observations might indicate a low bioaccumulation of the compound or its metabolites.

This suggests that though significant changes were on the contrary observed in haematological and biochemical parameters at 450 mg/kg/day, the detoxification process was not overwhelmed even after repeated oral exposure to doses not relevant for predicting human risk.

Moreover, even by using the precautionary value of NOAEL of this study (150 mg/kg/day) for the classification of the substance, we should stress here that effects observed were considered not to support classification. In fact after exposure to 150 mg/kg/day only minor modulations have been observed in both genders, such as slight changes in the PH of urinalysis, spleen enlargement and coloured by the testing substance, with no other overt evidence of tissue damage, dysfunction, or significant increased tissue weight.

In conclusion, since no data on human epidemiology or incidental exposure to acid black 210 are available, and giving the nature and severity of effects of prolonged exposure to doses which are significantly higher than possible human exposure (See chapter 9 and 10 of CSR), we do not see a consistent and identifiable toxic effect which demonstrates need for the classification.

No classification for repeated dose toxicity is warranted under Regulation 1272/2008