Registration Dossier

Identification

Chemical structure
Display Name:
Carbon black
EC Number:
215-609-9
EC Name:
Carbon black
CAS Number:
1333-86-4
Molecular formula:
C
IUPAC Name:
carbon

Type of Substance

Composition:
mono-constituent substance
Origin:
element

Substance Identifiers open all close all

  • carbon black
  • 215-609-9
  • 215-609-9
  • 1333-86-4
  • CB
  • Fine Thermal
  • MFT
  • Carbon - Industrial Rubber Grades
  • Carbon Black - Specialty Engineered Carbon Black
  • 1099
  • ACETYLENE BLACK
  • Addipast
  • Arosperse
  • Black Pearls
  • C-NERGY®
  • CARBON BLACK
  • CD
  • CI 77266
  • CI Pigment Black 6
  • CI Pigment Black 7
  • CK3
  • CONTINENTAL CARBON
  • CONTINEX
  • Carbocolor ®
  • Carbocolor ® Powder
  • Carbofin
  • Carbon Black
  • Carbon Black BV and V
  • Carbon Black Chezacarb AC - type A
  • Carbon Black Chezacarb AC - type A+
  • Carbon Black Chezacarb AC - type B
  • Carbon Black-Grade N-326
  • Carbon black
  • Conductex®
  • Copeblack®
  • Corax
  • DENKA BLACK
  • DIABLACK
  • Diamond Carbon Blacks
  • Durex
  • EB
  • ENSACO®
  • Ecorax
  • Farbruss
  • Farbruss, Colour Black
  • Farbruss; colour black
  • Flammruss
  • Flammruss, Colour Black
  • Flammruss; colour black
  • Flammruss; panther
  • Flammruß
  • Furnex®
  • Gas Black
  • HIBlack
  • HiBlack
  • IRB #8
  • LIONITE EC200L CARBON ECP CARBON ECP600JD CARBON ECP200L
  • Lamp Black
  • MAP01004
  • MITSUBISHI CARBON BLACK
  • MPC Channel black
  • Monarch
  • N 772
  • N-110
  • N550
  • NEGROVEN
  • Neotex®
  • Nerox
  • Nipex
  • OMCARB C140
  • OMCARB C40
  • OMCARB H100
  • OMCARB H80
  • OMCARB N130
  • OMCARB P110
  • OMCARB P140
  • OMCARB S500A
  • OMCARB S800
  • OMCARB S810
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N115
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N121
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N134
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N220
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N234
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N299
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N326
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N330
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N339
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N347
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N375
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N539
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N550
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N650
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N660
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N762
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N772
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N774
  • Omsktechuglerod carbon black grade N787
  • Orient black
  • P 803
  • P 805 S
  • PM
  • PUREBLACK®
  • Panther
  • Plasblak UN 2014
  • Printex
  • Purex
  • Raven
  • Raven®
  • Regal
  • Royale black
  • SEAST
  • SUPER P®
  • Saze Chezacarb AC - typ A
  • Saze Chezacarb AC - typ A+
  • Saze Chezacarb AC - typ B
  • Special Black
  • Statex®
  • TIMREX C-THERM™
  • TIMREX®
  • TOKABLACK
  • Thermax ®
  • Thermax ® Powder
  • Thermax ® Powder Ultra Pure
  • Thermax ® Stainless
  • Thermax ® Stainless Powder
  • Thermax ® Stainless Powder Ultra Pure
  • Thermax ® Ultra Pure
  • Ultra®
  • XPB
  • XT
  • butyl reclaimed rubber
  • carbon black
  • panther
  • rubber powder
  • sadza techniczna
  • tire reclaimed rubber
  • tread tire reclaim
  • whole tire reclaim
  • N-110, N-120, N-220, N-234, N-326, N-330, LH30, N-339, N-351, N-550, N-600, N-650, N-660, N-683, N-762, N-774
    (Carbon black grades)
    N110, N115, N220, N234, N299, N326, N330, N339, N550, N650, N660, N762, N772, N774
    (Carbon black grades)

    Compositions

    Boundary Composition(s) open all close all

    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Cross-referenceopen allclose all
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Typical composition:
    100 %
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 71 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon black is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Cross-referenceopen allclose all
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms
    Reason / purpose:
    justification for reporting set of similar nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 3 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 15 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    other: solid: nanostructured material


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Legal Entity Composition(s) open all close all

    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Typical composition:
    100 %
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 17 - < 61 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 30 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 54 - < 173 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 57 - < 99 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 20 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 33 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 55 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 60 - < 99 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface-treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 30 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 70 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 100 nm
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    > 99 - <= 100 %

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    > 60 - < 100 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface-treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    > 99 - <= 100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 50 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 70 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 25 - < 85 nm
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    > 99 - <= 100 %

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    > 30 - < 150 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    BC_set_not treated

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 6 - < 30 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    > 7 - < 40 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    > 21 - < 80 nm
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    >= 50 - <= 100 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    > 99 - <= 100 %

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    > 310 - < 400 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 17 - < 61 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 30 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 54 - < 173 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 57 - <= 99 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    Carbon black (solid: nanoform, no surface treatment)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Typical composition:
    100 %
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 17 - < 61 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 30 - < 101 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 54 - < 173 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, these never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 57 - < 99 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    Armorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 21 - < 1 200 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon

    Characterisation of nanoforms

    Type of information reported:
    set of nanoforms
    Name of set of nanoforms:
    carbon black (solid: nanoform, surface-treated)

    Shape

    Shape description
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Shape:
    spherical
    Pure shape:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %

    Particle size distribution and range

    Particle size distribution and range
    Shape category:
    spheroidal
    Percentileopen allclose all
    Percentile:
    D10
    Range:
    > 20 - < 43 nm
    Percentile:
    D50
    Range:
    >= 33 - < 87 nm
    Percentile:
    D90
    Range:
    >= 55 - < 178 nm
    Additional information:
    Carbon balck is an engineered material, primarily composed of elemental carbon, obtained from the partial combustion or thermal decomposition of hydrocarbons. It exists as aggregates of aciniform morphology (i.e. shaped like a cluster of grapes) which are composed of spheroidal primary particles. While the fundamental building block of carbon black is the primary particle, they never exist in isolation, but are strongly fused by covalent bonds into aggregate. The primary particles are thus conceptual in nature since once the aggregate is formed the primary particles no longer exist as discrete entities and have no physical boundaries among them. Once produced, individual aggregates join together by van der Waals forces to form agglomerates. Agglomerates do not break down into smaller components unless adequate force is applied (for example, shear force). Primary particle and aggregate sizes are distributional properties and vary depending on the carbon black grade. Transmission electron micrographs demonstrate that while primary particle and aggregate sizes vary greatly within a given grade of carbon black, the primary particle size is essentially uniform within an individual aggregate.

    Post-production, some carbon blacks are subjected to oxidative after-treatment. The treatment augments the level of already present acidic and polar oxides on the surface of carbon black (Carboxyl, Phenol, Lactol, Ouinone, Ketone, Anhydrid, Lactone). These functional groups renders these forms more hydrophilic in comparison to the corresponding virgin non-oxidized form; meaning that the carbon black particles becomes better dispersible and wettable in polar solutions but are still completely insoluble. Surface treatment does not affect the morphological features i.e. primary particles, aggregates, and agglomerates of carbon black.
    Fraction of constituent particles in the size range 1-100 nm:
    > 60 - <= 99 %

    Crystallinity

    Structures
    Structure:
    amorphous
    Name:
    amorphous carbon black
    Pure structure:
    yes
    Range:
    100 %
    Crystal system:
    not applicable

    Specific surface area

    Range of specific surface area:
    >= 35 - < 600 m²/g

    Surface functionalisation / treatment

    Surface treatment applied:
    yes
    Does the set contain both treated and non-surface treated nanoforms?:
    no
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: bulk


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: particulate/powder


    Constituent 1
    Chemical structure
    Reference substance name:
    Carbon black
    EC Number:
    215-609-9
    EC Name:
    Carbon black
    CAS Number:
    1333-86-4
    Molecular formula:
    C
    IUPAC Name:
    carbon
    State Form:
    solid: nanoform


    Constituent 1