Registration Dossier

Ecotoxicological information

Toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria

Administrative data

Endpoint:
toxicity to aquatic algae and cyanobacteria
Type of information:
other: studyreport
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
1980

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: National Environmental Research Center, 1971: Algal assay procedure: bottle test. US EPA Corvallis, Oregon
GLP compliance:
no

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Methenamine
EC Number:
202-905-8
EC Name:
Methenamine
Cas Number:
100-97-0
Molecular formula:
C6H12N4
IUPAC Name:
1,3,5,7-tetraazatricyclo[3.3.1.1~3,7~]decane
Details on test material:
not indicated
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Details on properties of test surrogate or analogue material (migrated information):
not indicated

Sampling and analysis

Analytical monitoring:
no
Details on sampling:
no sampling

Test solutions

Vehicle:
no

Test organisms

Test organisms (species):
Pseudokirchneriella subcapitata (previous names: Raphidocelis subcapitata, Selenastrum capricornutum)
Details on test organisms:
Growth medium used: Bold's mineral alsts media, concentration of algae: 10E03 cells/ml

Study design

Test type:
static
Water media type:
freshwater
Limit test:
no
Total exposure duration:
14 d
Post exposure observation period:
no post exposure period

Test conditions

Hardness:
not indicated
Test temperature:
not indicated
pH:
7,5
Dissolved oxygen:
not indicated
Salinity:
freshwater used
Nominal and measured concentrations:
nominal: 0, 1000, 2500 and 5000 mg/L
Details on test conditions:
Selenastrum capricornutum was exposed in a 14 d growth inhibition test following U.S. EPA (AAP: BT) guidelines. Bold's mineral salts medium was slightly modified by adding tris buffer and NaHCO3 and an illumination regime of 12 h light/12 h dark was applied. The pH of the medium was 7.5. The maximum specific growth rates for 1, 2.5 and 5 g methenamine/l (dosed as flo-powder) were determined on the basis of cell counts (initial algal concentration approximately 10E03 cells/ml).
Reference substance (positive control):
yes
Remarks:
phenol

Results and discussion

Effect concentrations
Duration:
14 d
Dose descriptor:
EC50
Effect conc.:
ca. 3 g/L
Nominal / measured:
nominal
Conc. based on:
test mat.
Basis for effect:
growth rate
Remarks on result:
other: estimated from the growth curves
Details on results:
A value of 1.5 g/L was estimated as concentration not resulting in a significant growth rate reduction. Here, the rising impact of turbidity on the results with increasing methenamine concentrations was taken into account, although this impact is not exactly quantifiable. Hence, the test is is considered not fully in line with OECD requirements. However, taking the findings of the other tests into account, the result is reliable and conservative enough for a risk assessment. The 14 day EC50 estimated from the growth curves is 3 g/L.
Results with reference substance (positive control):
Parallel test were conducted with phenol to give perspective as to the sensitivity of the assay procedure. These test gave positive results, as expected and demonstrated the sensitivity of the test system.
Reported statistics and error estimates:
Since all tests were run in triplicate, the values were averaged and expressed as log(10) numbers.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
The LC50 of methenamine in Selenastrum capricornutum (freshwater) was determined to be about 3 g/L.
Executive summary:

Selenastrum capricornutum was exposed in a 14 d growth inhibition test following U.S. EPA (AAP: BT) guidelines. Bold's mineral salts medium was slightly modified by adding tris buffer and NaHCO3 and an illumination regime of 12 h light/12 h dark was applied. The pH of the medium was 7.5. The maximum specific growth rates for 1, 2.5 and 5 g methenamine/l were determined on the basis of cell counts (initial algal concentration approximately 10E03 cells/mL).

A value of 1.5 g/L was estimated as concentration not resulting in a significant growth rate reduction. Here, the rising impact of turbidity on the results with increasing methenamine concentrations was taken into account, although this impact is not exactly quantifiable. Hence, the test is is considered not fully in line with OECD requirements. However, taking the findings of the other tests into account, the result is reliable and conservative enough for a risk assessment. The 14 day EC50 estimated from the growth curves is 3 g/L.