Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Oral: LD50 > 4350 mg/kg bw 
Inhalation: LC50 > 5.7 mg/L
Dermal: LD50 > 2000 mg/kg bw

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Acute toxicity: via oral route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
13 - 19 Mar 1991
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
Comparable to guideline study with acceptable restrictions. No gross necropsy performed, no details on animal husbandry, observation period 7 days in the absence of mortality/signs of toxicity, few details on study protocol, analytical purity not given.
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 401 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no gross necropsy performed, no details on animal husbandry, few details on study protocol, observation period 7 days in the absence of mortality/signs of toxicity
GLP compliance:
no
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes
Species:
mouse
Strain:
other: NMRI EOPS
Sex:
female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Weight at study initiation: 19-20 g (range)
Route of administration:
oral: unspecified
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on oral exposure:
MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 5.8 mL/kg bw, (dose calculated assuming test substance density of 0.8550 g/mL)
Doses:
5000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5 females
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 7 days (in the absence of mortality and signs of toxicity)
- Frequency of observations and weighing: mortality was recorded daily; the animals were observed daily for the presence of clinical signs; body weights were determined on Day 0 and 6
- Necropsy of survivors performed: no
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 5 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
There was no mortality during the study period.
Clinical signs:
No clinical signs of toxicity were observed up to the end of the 7-day observation period.
Body weight:
No effect on body weight was observed.
Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Quality of whole database:
The available information comprises an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) study from a reference substance with similar structure and intrinsic properties and an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) supporting study performed with the traget substance. The results of the studies are consistent. Read-across is justified based on common precursors and breakdown products of hydrolysis and consistent trends in environmental fate, ecotoxicological and toxicological profile (refer to the endpoint discussion for further details).
The selected study is thus sufficient to fulfil the standard information requirements set out in Annex VIII, 8.5, in accordance with Annex XI, 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Acute toxicity: via inhalation route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: inhalation
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
03 Jun - 17 Jun 2010
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: see 'Remark'
Remarks:
GLP-guideline study, tested with the source substance 2-ethylhexyl oleate (CAS 26399-02-0). According to the ECHA guidance document 'Practical guide 6: How to report read-across and categories' (ECHA, 2012), the reliability was changed from RL1 to RL2 to reflect the fact that this study was conducted on a read-across substance.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 436 (Acute Inhalation Toxicity: Acute Toxic Class Method)
Version / remarks:
adopted in 2009
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
yes
Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Crl:WI (Han)
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany
- Age at study initiation: 9 weeks old
- Weight at study initiation: max. ± 20% of the sex mean
- Housing: Before exposure-Group housing of maximally 5 animals per sex per cage in labeled Makrolon cages (type IV; height 18cm.) containing sterilised sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd), Surrey, UK). After exposure - Group housing as described above, maximally 3 animals per sex per cage.
- Diet: pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF Spezialdiäteb GmbH, Soest, Germany), ad libitum except during exposure to the test substance.
- Water: tap-water, ad libitum except during exposure to the test substance.
- Acclimation period: 5 days before the start of treatment under laboratory conditions.

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 21 ± 3
- Humidity (%): 40-70
- Air changes (per hr): 15 air changes per hour
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12 / 12

IN-LIFE DATES: From: To:
Route of administration:
inhalation: aerosol
Type of inhalation exposure:
nose only
Vehicle:
air
Details on inhalation exposure:
GENERATION OF TEST ATMOSPHERE / CHAMBER DESCRIPTION

- Exposure apparatus: The design of the exposure chamber is based on the flow past nose-pnly inhalation chamber (Am.Ind.Hyg Assoc.J. 44(12): 923-928, 1983). The chamber consists of animal sections with eight animal ports each. Each animal port has its own atmosphere inlet and exhaust outlet.

- Method of holding animals in test chamber: Animals are placed in restraining tubes, which is then connected to the exposure chamber.

- Source and rate of air: The theoretical air flow was at least 1L/min.

- System of generating aerosols: An aerosol was generated by nebulization of the test substance by means of a nebulizer (type 950,
Hospitak Inc., Lindenhurst, NY, USA). The primary aerosol was diluted with pressurized air before it entered the exposure chamber. The mean total airflow was 16 L/min. From the exposure chamber the test atmosphere was passed through a filter before it was released to the exhaust of the fume hood.

- Method of conditioning air: The direction of the flow of the test atmosphere guarantees a freshly generated atmosphere for each individual animal.

- Temperature, humidity, pressure in air chamber: The temperature of the atmosphere was between 20.0 and 20.7 °C and relative humidity was between 28 and 30%. These conditions were considered appropriate for the relatively short 4 hours exposure duration.


TEST ATMOSPHERE
- Brief description of analytical method used: Samples were drawn through a glass fiber filter (type APFC04700, Millipore, Billerica, MA, USA). The collected amount of test substance in the air sample was measured gravimetrically. Sample volumes were measured by means of a dry gas meter (type G 1.6, Actaris Meterfabriek B.V., Dordrecht, The Netherlands).
- Samples taken from breathing zone: yes


VEHICLE
- The test substance was used as delivered by the sponsor

TEST ATMOSPHERE (if not tabulated)
- MMAD (Mass median aerodynamic diameter) / GSD (Geometric st. dev.): The MMAD was 2.5 µm (GSD 2.4) and 2.6 µm (GSD 2.3).

CLASS METHOD (if applicable)
- Rationale for the selection of the starting concentration: Target concentrations were based on the cut off concentration values specified in the UN and EC classification guidelines.
Analytical verification of test atmosphere concentrations:
yes
Remarks:
gravimetrically
Duration of exposure:
4 h
Concentrations:
The mean actual concentration was 5.7 ± 0.4 mg/L. The nominal concentration was 15.4 mg/L. The generation efficiency (ratio of actual and nominal concentration) was 37%. Data obtained from the opacity monitor showed that the aerosol was sufficiently stable.
No. of animals per sex per dose:
3
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing:
Mortality/Viability: twice daily
Clinical signs: twice on the day of dosing (1 and 3 hours after exposure); daily thereafter until day 15
Body weight: recorded on day1 (pre-exposure), 2, 4, 8 and 15
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs, body weight,organ weights, histopathology
All animals were sacrificed at the end of the observation period by an intraperitoneal injection with Euthasol® (AST Farma BV, Oudewater, The Netherlands).
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed (the method used was not intended to calculate a LC50 value).
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect level:
> 5.7 mg/L air (analytical)
Based on:
test mat.
Exp. duration:
4 h
Remarks on result:
other: No mortalities occured. Apart from hunched position observed in all on day2 after exposure, no further signs of adverse toxicity were observed until the end of the 14 day observation period.
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LC50
Effect level:
> 15.4 mg/L air (nominal)
Based on:
test mat.
Exp. duration:
4 h
Mortality:
No mortalities occured during the 14-day observation period.
Clinical signs:
other: Hunched posture was shown by all animals on Day 2 after exposure. No clinical signs were noted during exposure.
Body weight:
Body weight gain in males and females were within the range expected for rats of this strain and age used in this type of study.

Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.
Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
DSD: not classified
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Quality of whole database:
The available information comprises an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) study from a reference substance with similar structure and intrinsic properties and an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) supporting study performed with the traget substance. The results of the studies are consistent. Read-across is justified based on common precursors and breakdown products of hydrolysis and consistent trends in environmental fate, ecotoxicological and toxicological profile (refer to the endpoint discussion for further details).
The selected study is thus sufficient to fulfil the standard information requirements set out in Annex VIII, 8.5, in accordance with Annex XI, 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Acute toxicity: via dermal route

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
acute toxicity: dermal
Type of information:
migrated information: read-across from supporting substance (structural analogue or surrogate)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
19 May - 2 Jun 2010
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: GLP-guideline study. The test substance was applied with an occlusive dressing.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 402 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
the test substance was applied with an occlusive dressing
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.3 (Acute Toxicity (Dermal))
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
the test substance was applied with an occlusive dressing
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1200 (Acute Dermal Toxicity)
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
the test substance was applied with an occlusive dressing
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), 12 Nousan, Notification No. 8147, November 2000; including the most recent partial revisions
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
the test substance was applied with an occlusive dressing
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
standard acute method
Limit test:
yes
Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Wistar Crl:WI (Han)
Sex:
male/female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Sulzfeld, Germany
- Age at study initiation: approximately 10 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 269-284 g (males), 181-194 g (females)
- Housing: animals were housed individually in labelled Makrolon cages (MIII type, height 18 cm) containing sterilised sawdust as bedding material (Litalabo, S.P.P.S., Argenteuil, France) and paper as cage-enrichment (Enviro-dri, Wm. Lillico & Son (Wonham Mill Ltd.), Surrey, UK). During the acclimation period the animals were housed in groups in Macrolon cages (MIV type).
- Diet: pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany), ad libitum
- Water: tap water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19.6-21.2
- Humidity (%): 39-62
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Details on dermal exposure:
TEST SITE
- Area of exposure: the back of the animals; approximately 25 cm² for males and 18 cm² for females
- % coverage: 10
- Type of wrap if used: the test substance was held in contact with the skin with a dressing, consisting of a surgical gauze patch (Surgy 1D) covered with aluminium foil and Coben elastic bandage, respectively. A piece of Micropore tape was used to fix the bandage in females only.

REMOVAL OF TEST SUBSTANCE
- Washing (if done): the skin was cleaned using tap water
- Time after start of exposure: 24 h

TEST MATERIAL
- Amount(s) applied (volume or weight with unit): 2000 mg/kg bw
- Constant volume or concentration used: yes, the dose volume was calculated as dose level (g/kg) / density (g/mL)
Duration of exposure:
24 h
Doses:
2000 mg/kg bw
No. of animals per sex per dose:
5
Control animals:
other: an untreated, adjacent skin area served as the control
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing: the animals were observed twice daily for mortality; the body weight was recorded on Day 1 (prior to dosing), 8 and 15.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: yes, on Day 15 the animals were subjected to necropsy and all gross macroscopical abnormalities were recorded
- Other examinations performed: clinical signs were observed at periodic intervals on the day of dosing (day 1) and once daily thereafter, until sacrifice. The time of onset, degree and duration were recorded and the symptoms graded:
Maximum grade 4: grading slight (1) to very severe (4)
Maximum grade 3: grading slight (1) to severe (3)
Maximum grade 1: presence is scored (1)
Sex:
male/female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
There was no mortality during the study period (see Table 1).
Clinical signs:
Piloerection was observed from 4 h - day 2 after dosing in 2/5 males (see Table 2). Chromodacryorrhoea (excessive secretion of a reddish-brown liquid from the eyes) (grade 1) was observed in 3/5 males 2-4 hours after dosing. No systemic clinical signs of toxicity were observed during the study period in females.
Body weight:
The body weight gains of males and females were within the normal ranges during the study period.
Gross pathology:
The necropsy and histopathological examination did not reveal substance-related findings.
Other findings:
- Other observations: On the treated skin area, erythema was observed for up to 4 days during Day 3-7 in 4/5 females. Scales or scabs (grade 1) were noted on the treated skin area in 5/5 females and 3/5 males for up to 9 days during Day 7-15 of the observation period.

Table 1: Mortality and clinical signs

Dose
[mg/kg bw]

Toxicological results*

Duration of clinical signs

Time of death

Mortality (%)

Males

2000

0/5/5

4 h – day 2 

Day 1-3

0

Females

2000

0/0/5

-

Day 1

0

LD50 > 2000 mg/kg bw

* first number = number of dead animals                                 

second number = number of animals with systemic clinical signs         

  third number = number of animals used                 Table 2: Clinical signs, systemic/local

Effect*

Max grade

Male No./duration (hours or day after dosing)

Female No./duration (hours or day after dosing)

 

 

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

Systemic

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Piloerection

 1

4 h - 2 d

 

 

 

4 h - 2 d

 

 

 

 

 

Chromoda-cryorrhoea

 3

 

2 - 4 h

2 - 4 h

4 h

 

 

 

 

 

 

Local

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Erythema, focal

 4

 

 

 

 

 

7 d

 

7 d

3 – 7 d

7 d

Scales

 3

 

 

8 – 10 d

7 – 15 d

 

7 – 8 d, 14 d

8 – 11 d

7 – 9 d

7 – 8 d

7 – 9 d

Scabs

 3

 

7 - 11 d

 

9 - 15 d

 

8 – 13 d

 

 

 

 

* all grade 1

Interpretation of results:
not classified
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified
DSD: not classified
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed
Quality of whole database:
The available information comprises an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) study from a reference substance with similar structure and intrinsic properties with the traget substance. Read-across is justified based on common precursors and breakdown products of hydrolysis and consistent trends in environmental fate, ecotoxicological and toxicological profile (refer to the endpoint discussion for further details).
The selected study is thus sufficient to fulfil the standard information requirements set out in AnnexVIII, 8.5, in accordance with Annex XI, 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Additional information

Justification for read-across

Data on the acute inhalation and dermal toxicity of 3,5,5-trimethylhexyl 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate (CAS 59219-71-5) are not available. The assessment of acute toxicity was therefore based on studies conducted with analogue (source) substances as part of a read across approach, which is in accordance with Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006, Annex XI, 1.5. For each specific endpoint the source substance(s) structurally closest to the target substance is/are chosen for read-across, with due regard to the requirements of adequacy and reliability of the available data. Structural similarities and similarities in properties and/or activities of the source and target substance are the basis of read-across. A detailed justification for the analogue read-across approach is provided in the technical dossier (see IUCLID Section 13) and within Chapter 5.1 of the CSR.

Acute oral toxicity

CAS 59219-71-5

The acute oral toxicity of 3,5,5-trimethylhexyl 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate (CAS 59219-71-5) was assessed in a study that was performed according a protocol similar to OECD guideline 401 (Masson, 1986). 5 female NMRI EOPS mice were administered 5 mL/kg bw test substance by gavage. Limited data was given and no individual results were reported. No necropsy was performed of the animals.There was no mortality and no clinical signs were observed during the study period (of unknown length). The acute oral LD50 was considered to be > 5 mL/kg bw, equivalent to 4350 mg/kg bw (based on the density 0.87 g/cm3).

CAS 111937-03-2

An acute oral toxicity study was performed with isononanoic acid, C16-18 alkyl esters (CAS 111937-03-2), according to a protocol comparable to OECD 401 (Dufour, 1991). 5 female NMRI EOPS mice were administered 5000 mg/kg bw by gavage.The study report contained very limited data. The summary indicated thatno mortality occurred. No clinical signs were observed and the body weight was not affected during the 7-day observation period. The acute oral LD50 was considered to be > 5000 mg/kg bw.

Acute inhalation toxicity

CAS 26399-02-0

The acute inhalation toxicity of 2-ethylhexyl oleate (CAS 26399-02-0) was assessed in a study performed according to OECD guideline 436 (Van Huygevoort, 2010). 3 rats/sex were administered 5.7 ± 0.4 mg/L (actual concentration) of the test substance as an aerosol via nose-only exposure for 4 hours. The nominal concentration was 15.4 mg/L and the MMAD was 2.5-2.6 µm. No mortality occurred. The animals had a hunched posture on Day 2; no further clinical signs were observed during the 14-day observation period. The body weight gain was within the range that is normal for this strain and study type. No findings were reported during the macroscopic examination. The inhalation LC50 value is considered to be > 5.7 mg/L.  

Acute dermal toxicity

CAS 3687-46-5

An acute dermal toxicity study (limit test) was performed with decyl oleate (CAS 3687-46-5) according to OECD Guideline 402 (Beerens-Heijnen, 2010). 2000 mg/kg bw of the test substance was applied to the skin of 5 Wistar rats/sex/dose under an occlusive dressing for 24 hours. No mortality occurred. Piloerection and/or chromodacryorrhoea were noted in all males on Day 1 and/or 2. No clinical signs were noted in females. The body weight increases were within the range expected for rats used in this type of study and no treatment-related findings were reported during the necropsy and histopathological examination. Erythema was observed on the treated skin for up to 4 days during the first week in 3/5 females. Scales or scabs were noted on the treated skin area in 5/5 females and 3/5 males for up to 9 days during Day 7-15 of the observation period. The LD50 is considered to be > 2000 mg/kg bw.

Overall conclusion for acute toxicity

The reliable data available for the target and source substances indicate a very low level of acute toxicity following the oral, inhalation and dermal route, as LD50 and LC50 values were greater than the currently applied limit values. Therefore, as the available data did not identify any hazard for acute toxicity, 3,5,5-trimethylhexyl 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate is not considered to be hazardous following acute exposure.


Justification for selection of acute toxicity – oral endpoint
Hazard assessment is conducted by means of read-across from a structural analogue. The selected study is most adequate and reliable based on the identified similarities in structure and intrinsic properties between the source and target substance and overall quality assessment (refer to the endpoint discussion for further details).

Justification for selection of acute toxicity – inhalation endpoint
Hazard assessment is conducted by means of read-across from a structural analogue. The selected study is most adequate and reliable based on the identified similarities in structure and intrinsic properties between the source and target substance and overall quality assessment (refer to the endpoint discussion for further details).

Justification for selection of acute toxicity – dermal endpoint
The available information comprises an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) study from a reference substance with similar structure and intrinsic properties and an adequate and reliable (Klimisch score 2) supporting study performed with the traget substance. The results of the studies are consistent. Read-across is justified based on common precursors and breakdown products of hydrolysis and consistent trends in environmental fate, ecotoxicological and toxicological profile (refer to the endpoint discussion for further details).
The selected study is thus sufficient to fulfil the standard information requirements set out in Annex VIII, 8.5, in accordance with Annex XI, 1.5, of Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006.

Justification for classification or non-classification

According to Article 13 of Regulation (EC) No. 1907/2006 "General Requirements for Generation of Information on Intrinsic Properties of substances", information on intrinsic properties of substances may be generated by means other than tests e.g. from information from structurally related substances (grouping or read-across), provided that conditions set out in Annex XI are met. Annex XI, "General rules for adaptation of this standard testing regime set out in Annexes VII to X” states that “substances whose physicochemical, toxicological and ecotoxicological properties are likely to be similar or follow a regular pattern as a result of structural similarity may be considered as a group, or ‘category’ of substances. This avoids the need to test every substance for every endpoint". Since the analogue concept is applied to 3,5,5-trimethylhexyl 3,5,5-trimethylhexanoate (CAS 59219-71-5), data will be generated from information on reference source substance(s) to avoid unnecessary animal testing. Additionally, once the analogue read-across concept is applied, substances will be classified and labelled on this basis.

Therefore, based on the target substance information and analogue read-across approach, the available data on acute toxicity do not meet the classification criteria according to Regulation (EC) 1272/2008 or Directive 67/548/EEC, and are therefore conclusive but not sufficient for classification.