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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water and sediment: simulation tests

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Reference
Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: sediment simulation testing
Type of information:
calculation (if not (Q)SAR)
Adequacy of study:
key study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
accepted calculation method
Justification for type of information:
Data is from computational model developed by USEPA
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: Modeling database
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Fugacity Model by EPI Suite estimation database
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): Potassium phthalimide
- Molecular formula (if other than submission substance): C8H5NO2.K
- Molecular weight (if other than submission substance): 185.223 g/mol
- Smiles notation (if other than submission substance): c12c(C(=O)[NH-]C1=O)cccc2.[K+]
- InChI: 1S/C8H5NO2.K/c10-7-5-3-1-2-4-6(5)8(11)9-7;/h1-4H,(H,9,10,11);/q;+1/p-1
- Substance type: Organic
- Physical state: solid
Radiolabelling:
not specified
Oxygen conditions:
other: estimation
Inoculum or test system:
not specified
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
test mat. analysis
Compartment:
water
% Recovery:
19.1
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known
Compartment:
sediment
% Recovery:
0.118
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known
Key result
% Degr.:
50
Parameter:
other: Half-life in water
Sampling time:
15 d
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known
Key result
% Degr.:
50
Parameter:
other: Half-life in sediment
Sampling time:
135 d
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known
Key result
Compartment:
water
DT50:
15 d
Type:
other: estimated data
Temp.:
25 °C
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known
Key result
Compartment:
sediment
DT50:
135 d
Type:
other: estimated data
Temp.:
25 °C
Remarks on result:
other: Other details not known
Transformation products:
not specified

Mass Amount

(percent)

Half-Life (hr)

Emissions (kg/hr)

Water

19.1

360

1000

Sediment

0.118

3.24e+003

0

 

Fugacity (atm)

Reaction (kg/hr)

Advection (kg/hr)

Reaction (percent)

Advection (percent)

Water

4.46e-023

826

429

27.5

14.3

Sediment

3.82e-023

0.569

0.0532

0.019

0.00177

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Conclusions:
Estimated half life of Potassium phthalimide in water was 15 days (360 h) and in sediment estimated to be 135 days (3240 h).
Executive summary:

Estimation Programs Interface (EPI) Suite (2017) prediction model was run to predict the half-life in water and sediment for the test compound Potassium phthalimide (CAS No. 1074 -82 -4). If released in to the environment, 19.1% of the chemical will partition into water according to the Mackay fugacity model level III and the half-life period of Potassium phthalimide in water is estimated to be 15 days (360 hrs). The half-life (15 days estimated by EPI suite) indicates that the chemical is not persistent in water and the exposure risk to aquatic animals is moderate to low whereas the half-life period of Potassium phthalimide in sediment is estimated to be 135 days (3240 hrs). However, as the percentage release of test chemical into the sediment is less than 1% (i.e, reported as 0.118%), indicates that Potassium phthalimide is not persistent in nature.   

Description of key information

Estimation Programs Interface (EPI Suite, 2017) prediction model was run to predict the half-life in water and sediment for the test compound Potassium phthalimide (CAS No. 1074 -82 -4). If released in to the environment, 19.1% of the chemical will partition into water according to the Mackay fugacity model level III and the half-life period of Potassium phthalimide in water is estimated to be 15 days (360 hrs). The half-life (15 days estimated by EPI suite) indicates that the chemical is not persistent in water and the exposure risk to aquatic animals is moderate to low whereas the half-life period of Potassium phthalimide in sediment is estimated to be 135 days (3240 hrs). However, as the percentage release of test chemical into the sediment is less than 1% (i.e, reported as 0.118%), indicates that Potassium phthalimide is not persistent in nature.   

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Half-life in freshwater:
15 d
at the temperature of:
25 °C
Half-life in freshwater sediment:
135 d
at the temperature of:
25 °C

Additional information

Estimation Programs Interface (EPI Suite, 2017) prediction model was run to predict the half-life in water and sediment for the test compound Potassium phthalimide (CAS No. 1074 -82 -4). If released in to the environment, 19.1% of the chemical will partition into water according to the Mackay fugacity model level III and the half-life period of Potassium phthalimide in water is estimated to be 15 days (360 hrs). The half-life (15 days estimated by EPI suite) indicates that the chemical is not persistent in water and the exposure risk to aquatic animals is moderate to low whereas the half-life period of Potassium phthalimide in sediment is estimated to be 135 days (3240 hrs). However, as the percentage release of test chemical into the sediment is less than 1% (i.e, reported as 0.118%), indicates that Potassium phthalimide is not persistent in nature.   

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