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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

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Diss Factsheets

Administrative data

dermal absorption in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
disregarded due to major methodological deficiencies
Study period:
9-12 August 1999 (pig skin) and 22-25 September 1999 (human skin)
3 (not reliable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
significant methodological deficiencies

Data source

Reference Type:
study report
Report date:

Materials and methods

Test guideline
equivalent or similar to guideline
OECD Guideline 428 (Skin Absorption: In Vitro Method)
(technical difficulties prevented a reliable result from being obtained)
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)

Test material


Test animals

other: human abdominal skin and pig hind-leg skin
not specified
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
In vitro test

Administration / exposure

Type of coverage:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Duration of exposure:
2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 20 and 24 hours
10 µl undiluted test material (9.8 mg)/cm2 (or per 0.64 cm2 - study report cites both)
No. of animals per group:
In vitro study: 5 human skin and 5 pig skin replicates
Control animals:
in vitro study: tritiated water and testosterone
Details on study design:
In vitro test
Details on in vitro test system (if applicable):
- Source of skin:
- human skin was obtained from one female Caucasian donor of 39 years old after abdominal surgery
- pig skin was obtained from the hind legs of one young female domestic pig (Hollands Landvarken, University of Utrecht) of approx. 30 kg bw directly after sacrifice of the animal
- Ethical approval if human skin: yes
- Type of skin: abdominal (human), hind-leg (pig)
- Preparative technique: briefly, sterile glass rings (internal area 0.64 cm2) were glued to the skin membranes using cyanoacrylate-based glue. Skin membranes were washed 3 times for 15 min in medium supplemented with bactericides and fungicides. The skin membranes were transferred into 6-well plates on a Netwell insert (200 µm mesh), which allows contact of the receptor fluid to the dermal side of the skin, while the stratum coneum remains exposed to the air
- Thickness of skin (in mm): 0.57± 0.03 mm (human); 0.56± 0.03 mm (pig)
- Membrane integrity check: yes
- Storage conditions: on ice
- Justification of species, anatomical site and preparative technique: no data

- Diffusion cell: 6-well plates
- Receptor fluid: mixture of Dulbecco's Modified Essential Medium and Ham F12 culture medium (2:1) supplemented with Epidermal Growth Factor (10 µg/l), hydrocortisone (400 µg/l, gentamicin (50 mg/l), polyoxyethylene 20 oleyl ether (6%, w/v) and Foetal Calf Serum (10%, v/v)
- Solubility of test substance in receptor fluid: no data
- Static system: yes
- Flow-through system: no
- Test temperature: 32 °C
- Humidity: humidified incubator
- Occlusion: no
- Reference substance(s): water, testosterone

Results and discussion

Signs and symptoms of toxicity:
not examined
Dermal irritation:
not examined
Absorption in different matrices:
- Receptor fluid, receptor chamber, donor chamber (in vitro test system): due to analytical problems, receptor fluid (human skin) was not analysed for the presence of trimethylsilyloxy phenyl silsesquioxane; receptor fluid (pig skin) analysed
- Skin preparation (in vitro test system): due to analytical problems, skin membranes (human and pig skin) were not analysed for the presence of trimethylsilyloxy phenyl silsesquioxane
Total recovery:
- Total recovery: On cotton swab used to wipe exposure site: 35.1-174.3% (human skin); 30.1 to 107.4% (pig skin)
- Recovery of applied dose acceptable: no
- Results adjusted for incomplete recovery of the applied dose: not applicable
- Limit of detection (LOD): 2 mg/l
- Quantification of values below LOD or LOQ: no
Percutaneous absorption
10 µl (9.8 mg)
< 0.1 %
Remarks on result:
other: 24 hours
pig skin: below the limit of detection (2 mg/l extract, 4 µg/l receptor fluid) at all timepoints; no data for human skin due to technical difficulties )

Any other information on results incl. tables

In the study, the analysis of the various samples for the presence of the test material was not successful, mainly due to recurring high background values. Because of these technical difficulties, it was decided to terminate the study.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

In a GLP study, conducted using a protocol similar to OECD test guideline 428, the dermal absorption of trimethylsilyloxy phenyl silsesquioxane was evaluated in vitro in human and pig skin. For pig skin, dermal absorption was <0.1% but, due to technical difficulties, the result should be interpreted with caution. No results were reported for human skin.
Executive summary:

In a GLP study, conducted using a protocol similar to OECD test guideline 428, the percutaneous absorption of trimethylsilyloxy phenyl silsesquioxane was evaluated in human and pig skin membranes in vitro.

The test material was applied at about 9.8 mg/cm2 and samples of receptor fluid collected periodically over 24 hours. Due to technical difficulties, no reliable analysis of the samples for the presence of the test material was possible and the study was terminated. Some data were generated, which the investigators recommended should be interpreted with caution.

In the pig skin assay, trimethylsilyloxy phenyl silsesquioxane was present at a level below the limit of detection (2 mg/l extract corresponding to 4 µg/ml receptor fluid) at all time points, indicating absorption of <0.1%. Receptor fluid in the human skin assay was not analysed due to technical difficulties.

No reliable results for dermal absorption were obtained from this study.