Registration Dossier

Diss Factsheets

Manufacture, use & exposure

Article service life

Documentsopen allclose all

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Taric 36069010 - Ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric alloys in all forms
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Taric 36069010 - Ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric alloys in all forms
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Reference
Name:
Cerium
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Cerium
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 14: Tabletting, compression, extrusion, pelletisation, granulation
PROC 18: General greasing / lubrication at high kinetic energy conditions
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released): flint for lighters
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 01: Other (non intended to be released): flint for lighters

Service life

Reference
Name:
Cerium
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Cerium
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery

Service life

Reference
Name:
Cerium
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Cerium
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Reference
Name:
Cerium
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Cerium
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC5: Use at industrial site leading to inclusion into/onto article
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC7: Use of functional fluid at industrial site
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC9a: Widespread use of functional fluid (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Taric 36069010 - Ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric alloys in all forms
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use reported by Downstream user according to REACH Article 38
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Name of activity / technique:
Melting, alloy and casting
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Name of activity / technique:
Potentially closed processing operations at elevated temperature (industrial setting)
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Reference
Name:
Cerium
Type of composition:
legal entity composition of the substance
State / form:
solid: bulk
Reference substance:
Cerium
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12b: Processing of articles at industrial sites with high release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Taric 36069010 - Ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric alloys in all forms
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 2: Chemical production or refinery in closed continuous process with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 17: Lubrication at high energy conditions in metal working operations
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Other (intended to be released): Taric 36069010 - Ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric alloys in all forms
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 02: Other (intended to be released): Taric 36069010 - Ferro-cerium and other pyrophoric alloys in all forms
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC1a: Vehicles covered by End of Life Vehicles (ELV) directive
AC1b: Other vehicles
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
AC7a: Metal articles: Large surface area articles
AC7b: Metal articles: Toys intended for children's use (and child dedicated articles)
AC7c: Metal articles: Packaging (excluding food packaging)
AC7d: Metal articles: Articles intended for food contact
AC7e: Metal articles: Furniture & furnishings
AC7f: Metal articles: Articles with intense direct dermal contact during normal use
AC7g: Other metal articles
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC1a: Vehicles covered by End of Life Vehicles (ELV) directive
AC1b: Other vehicles
AC2a: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles covered by the Waste Electrical and Electronic Equipment (WEEE) directive
AC2b: Other machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC4g: Other articles made of stone, plaster, cement, glass or ceramic
AC7a: Metal articles: Large surface area articles
AC7b: Metal articles: Toys intended for children's use (and child dedicated articles)
AC7c: Metal articles: Packaging (excluding food packaging)
AC7d: Metal articles: Articles intended for food contact
AC7e: Metal articles: Furniture & furnishings
AC7f: Metal articles: Articles with intense direct dermal contact during normal use
AC7g: Other metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 19: Hand-mixing with intimate contact and only PPE available.
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery
Related assessment:
use assessed in a joint CSR

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported >=10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environmentopen allclose all
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC3: Formulation into solid matrix
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumersopen allclose all
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
Article category (AC):
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for workersopen allclose all
Process category (PROC):
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
Process category (PROC):
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
Process category (PROC):
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
Process category (PROC):
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 3: Manufacture or formulation in the chemical industry in closed batch processes with occasional controlled exposure or processes with equivalent containment conditions
PROC 5: Mixing or blending in batch processes
PROC 8a: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at non-dedicated facilities
PROC 8b: Transfer of substance or mixture (charging and discharging) at dedicated facilities
PROC 13: Treatment of articles by dipping and pouring
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals

Service life

Registration/ Notification status for the use:
use registered according to REACH Article 10; total tonnage manufactured/imported <10tonnes/year per registrant
Article used by:
workers
Article category (AC):
AC 3: Electrical batteries and accumulators
Substance intended to be released from article:
no
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
ERC12c: Use of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC28: Manual maintenance (cleaning and repair) of machinery

Service life

Article used by:
consumers
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
Contributing activity / technique for consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 1: Vehicles

Service life

Article used by:
workers
consumers
Article category (AC):
AC 2: Machinery, mechanical appliances, electrical/electronic articles
AC 7: Metal articles
Contributing activity / technique for the environment
Environmental release category (ERC):
ERC10a: Widespread use of articles with low release (outdoor)
ERC11a: Widespread use of articles with low release (indoor)
ERC12a: Processing of articles at industrial sites with low release
Contributing activity / technique for workers
Process category (PROC):
PROC 21: Low energy manipulation of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 22: Potentially closed processing operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature. Industrial setting
PROC 23: Open processing and transfer operations with minerals/metals at elevated temperature
PROC 24: High (mechanical) energy work-up of substances bound in materials and/or articles
PROC 25: Other hot work operations with metals