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Ecotoxicological information

Endpoint summary

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Description of key information

Additional information

The general principles applied for read across between metal substances are that ecotoxicity and the potential for adverse environmental effects are based on the metal ion in cases where the counter ions can reasonably be expected to be non-toxic, as is the case for many simple metals salts (e.g. anions such as SO42-, NO3-, OH-).


When reading across between different metal substances, the oxidation state of the metal ion needs to be carefully considered. For metals, chemical speciation can affect both the fate of the substance in the environment and its toxicity. For some metals (e.g. chromium and arsenic), large differences in environmental toxicity between difference oxidation states have been observed. For platinum substances, the database of ecotoxicity data is not as extensive as for other metal substances, but there may be a difference in toxicity between platinum (II) and platinum (IV) substances. For this reason, read-across between different substances is limited to metal compounds in which the metal exists in the same oxidation state.


Based on the available ecotoxicity data for platinum substances, it is evident that the ecotoxicity of platinum substances is not controlled by the concentration of platinum in the substance alone. It would appear that there may be a similar situation as has been observed for palladium, in that the chloride complexes may exhibit greater toxicity than complexes with other ligands. It is not, however, currently possible to identify a clear cut-off between chloro-platinum compounds and other platinum complexes, or to provide a mechanistic explanation of the effect. However, due to the observed differences in toxicity between chloride complexes and substances without chloride ligands, and similar behaviour observed for some other precious metals, for platinum substances without a chloro ligand data are only read across from other substances that do not contain a chloro ligand.

Data for both tetraammine platinum hydrogen carbonate and platinum tetraammine diacetate are therefore read across to tetraammineplatinum dinitrate, as all are platinum (II) substances that do not contain a chloro ligand. The lowest reported effect level is included as the key value for each endpoint.