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Toxicological information

Skin sensitisation

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin sensitisation: in vivo (LLNA)
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
12 Jul - 24 Jul 2012
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study was conducted according to the appropriate OECD test guideline and in compliance with GLP.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2012
Report date:
2012

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 429 (Skin Sensitisation: Local Lymph Node Assay)
Version / remarks:
(2010)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method B.42 (Skin Sensitisation: Local Lymph Node Assay)
Version / remarks:
(2008)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Remarks:
The Department of Health of the Government of the United Kingdom
Type of study:
mouse local lymph node assay (LLNA)

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
Didocosyl sebacate
EC Number:
255-730-4
EC Name:
Didocosyl sebacate
Cas Number:
42233-75-0
Molecular formula:
Not applicable (UVCB substance)
IUPAC Name:
Decanedioic acid, diesters with Fatty alcohols C20-22 (even numbered)
Test material form:
other: solid
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): only trade name given
- Physical state: white solid
- Storage condition of test material: room temperature in the dark
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 30 Jun 2013

In vivo test system

Test animals

Species:
mouse
Strain:
other: CBA/Ca (CBA/CaOlaHsd)
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
TEST ANIMALS
- Source: Harlan Laboratories UK, Ltd., Oxon, UK
- Age at study initiation: 8 - 12 weeks
- Weight at study initiation: 15 – 23 g
- Housing: Animals were individually housed in suspended solid-floor polypropylene cages furnished with softwood woodflakes.
- Diet: 2014C Teklad Global Rodent diet (Harlan Laboratories UK, Ltd., Oxon, UK), ad libitum
- Water: (tap/filtered) water, ad libitum
- Acclimation period: at least five days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
- Temperature (°C): 19 - 25
- Humidity (%): 30 - 70
- Air changes (per hr): 15
- Photoperiod (hrs dark / hrs light): 12/12

Study design: in vivo (LLNA)

Vehicle:
propylene glycol
Concentration:
- preliminary test: 10% (w/w)
- main test: 2.5, 5 and 10% (w/w)
No. of animals per dose:
4
Details on study design:
RANGE FINDING TESTS:
- Compound solubility: highest concentration that was suitable for dosing: 10%
- Irritation: No signs of systemic toxicity, visual local skin irritation or irritation indicated by an equal to or greater than 25% increase in mean ear thickness were noted.

MAIN STUDY
ANIMAL ASSIGNMENT AND TREATMENT
- Name of test method: 3H-methyl thymidine incorporation
- Criteria used to consider a positive response: The test item will be regarded as a sensitizer if at least one concentration of the test item results in a threefold or greater increase in 3HTdR incorporation compared to control values. Any test item failing to produce a threefold or greater increase in 3HTdR incorporation will be classified as a “non-sensitizer”.

TREATMENT PREPARATION AND ADMINISTRATION:
25 μL of the test item was applied to the dorsal surface of each ear of each mouse for three consecutive days; A further group of four mice received the vehicle alone in the same manner. Local irritation reactions were assessed. On day 6 an injection of 250 μL phosphate buffered saline (PBS) containing 20 μCi of 3H-methyl thymidine (3HTdR) was made into the tail vein of each experimental mouse. Five hours later, the draining auricular lymph node of each ear was excised and pooled for each experimental group. For each group 1 mL PBS was added to the pooled lymph nodes. A single cell suspension of pooled lymph node cells was prepared by gentle mechanical disaggregation through a 200-mesh stainless steel gauze. The lymph node cells were rinsed through the gauze with 4 mL of PBS into a petri dish labelled with the project number and dose concentration. The pooled lymph node cells were pelleted at 1400 rpm for ten minutes. The pellet was resuspended in 10 mL PBS. Radioactive material was precipitated with 3 mL of 5% trichloroacetic acid at 4 °C for 18 hours. 3HTdR incorporation was measured by β-scintillation counting.
Positive control substance(s):
other: phenylacetaldehyde (>90%)
Statistics:
Not applicable

Results and discussion

Positive control results:
A group of five animals was treated with 50 μL of the positive control substance (>90%) as a solution in propylene glycol at a concentration of 2.5% (v/v). A further control group of five animals was treated with propylene glycol alone. The stimulation index expressed as the mean radioactive incorporation for the treatment group divided by the mean radioactive incorporation of the vehicle control group is 6.48. Therefore, phenylacetaldehyde (>90%) was considered to be a sensitizer under the conditions of the test.

In vivo (LLNA)

Resultsopen allclose all
Parameter:
SI
Remarks on result:
other: see Remark
Remarks:
A concentration of 2.5% of the test substance shows a stimulation index (SI) of 1.59. 5% of the test substance shows a SI of 1.45 and the highest concentration of 10% test substance shows a SI of 1.92. Based on this result, the test substance can be considered as a non-sensitizer.
Parameter:
other: disintegrations per minute (DPM)
Remarks on result:
other: see Remark
Remarks:
The number of disintegrations per minute (dpm) for the vehicle was 7715.90, resulting in a dpm/node of 964.49. A concentration of 2.5% of the test substance shows a dpm of 12276.85, and a dpm/node of 1534.61. 5% of the test substance shows a dpm of 11175.42, and a dpm/node of 1396.93. The highest concentration of 10% test substance shows a dpm of 14846.49 and a dpm/node of 1855.81.

Any other information on results incl. tables

Table 1: Disintegrations per minute, disintegrations per minute/node and stimulation index

Concentration (% in w/w) in propylene glycol

dpm

dpm/node

Stimulation index

Result

Vehicle

7715.90

964.49

NA

NA

2.5

12276.85

1534.61

1.59

Negative

5

11175.42

1396.93

1.45

Negative

10

14846.49

1855.81

1.92

Negative

Positive control

NA

NA

6.48

Positive

NA: not applicable

dpm: disintegrations per minute

CLINICAL OBSERVATIONS AND MORTALITY DATA

There were no deaths observed during the study period. No signs of systemic toxicity were noted in the test or control animals during the test.

BODYWEIGHT

Body weight change of the test animals between day 1 and day 6 was comparable to that observed in the corresponding control group animals over the same period.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
not sensitising
Remarks:
Migrated information Criteria used for interpretation of results: EU
Conclusions:
CLP: not classified