Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Description of key information

Skin irritation:

Cinnamyl formate was used as a test material for maximization pre-test to evaluate it’s skin irritation potential on 5 male volunteers .

The test material was used in the concentration of 4% in petrolatum ,

No skin reactions were observed.Cinnamyl formate was considered to be not irritating to human skin.

Eye irritation :

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the ocular irritation potential was estimated forCinnamyl formate. It was estimated thatCinnamyl formatewas not irritating to eye of rabbits.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
data from handbook or collection of data
Justification for type of information:
Data is from peer reviewed journals .
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: as mentioned below
Principles of method if other than guideline:
To evaluate the skin irritation potential of Cinnamyl formate on human male volunteers
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
- Name of test material (IUPAC name): Cinnamyl formate
- Common name: 3-Phenylallyl formate
- Molecular formula: C10H10O2
- Molecular weight: 162.187 g/mol
- Smiles notation: c1(\C=C\COC=O)ccccc1
- InChl: 1S/C10H10O2/c11-9-12-8-4-7-10-5-2-1-3-6-10/h1-7,9H,8H2/b7-4+
- Substance type: Organic
-physical state- colourless to yellowish liquid
Species:
other: human
Strain:
not specified
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
No data available
Type of coverage:
occlusive
Preparation of test site:
not specified
Vehicle:
other: petroletum
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
4%
Duration of treatment / exposure:
48hrs
Observation period:
48hrs
Number of animals:
5 male volunteers
Details on study design:
no data available
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
48 h
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
No skin reaction were observed
Interpretation of results:
other: not irritant
Conclusions:
Cinnamyl formate when applied on 5 male volunteers gave no skin reaction. Cinnamyl formate was considered to be not irritating to human skin.
Executive summary:

Cinnamyl formate was used as a test material for maximization pre-test to evaluate it’s skin irritation potential on 5 male volunteers .

The test material was used in the concentration of 4% in petrolatum ,

No skin reactions were observed.Cinnamyl formate was considered to be not irritating to human skin.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with limited documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
Data is predicted using OECD QSAR toolbox version 3.3 and QMRF report has been attached
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: estimated data
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Prediction was done by using OECD QSAR toolbox v3.3
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Name of test material (IUPAC name): Cinnamyl formate
- Common name: 3-Phenylallyl formate
- Molecular formula: C10H10O2
- Molecular weight: 162.187 g/mol
- Smiles notation: c1(\C=C\COC=O)ccccc1
- InChl: 1S/C10H10O2/c11-9-12-8-4-7-10-5-2-1-3-6-10/h1-7,9H,8H2/b7-4+
- Substance type: Organic
-physical state: colorless- yellowliquid
Species:
rabbit
Strain:
not specified
Details on test animals or tissues and environmental conditions:
No data available
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
Not specified
Duration of treatment / exposure:
Not specified
Observation period (in vivo):
Not specified
Details on study design:
no data avilable.
Irritation parameter:
overall irritation score
Basis:
mean
Time point:
other: not specified
Reversibility:
not specified
Remarks on result:
no indication of irritation
Irritant / corrosive response data:
no indication of any ocular reaction

Estimation method: Takes mode value from the 8 nearest neighbours
Domain  logical expression:Result: In Domain

((((((((((((("a" or "b" or "c" )  and ("d" and ( not "e") )  )  and ("f" and ( not "g") )  )  and ("h" and ( not "i") )  )  and ("j" and ( not "k") )  )  and ("l" and ( not "m") )  )  and "n" )  and "o" )  and ("p" and ( not "q") )  )  and ("r" and ( not "s") )  )  and ("t" and ( not "u") )  )  and "v" )  and ("w" and "x" )  )

Domain logical expression index: "a"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Formic acid and formates by OECD HPV Chemical Categories

Domain logical expression index: "b"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Class 3 (unspecific reactivity) by Acute aquatic toxicity classification by Verhaar (Modified)

Domain logical expression index: "c"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Esters by Acute aquatic toxicity MOA by OASIS

Domain logical expression index: "d"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "e"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as AN2 OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures OR AN2 >>  Michael-type addition, quinoid structures >> Quinoneimines OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Michael-type addition on alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds OR AN2 >> Nucleophilic addition to alpha, beta-unsaturated carbonyl compounds >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation >> alpha, beta-Unsaturated Aldehydes OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation OR AN2 >> Schiff base formation by aldehyde formed after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation after aldehyde release >> Specific Acetate Esters OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR AN2 >> Shiff base formation for aldehydes >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR Non-covalent interaction OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> Coumarins OR Non-covalent interaction >> DNA intercalation >> DNA Intercalators with Carboxamide Side Chain OR Radical OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species OR Radical >> Generation of reactive oxygen species >> Thiols OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> Generation of ROS by glutathione depletion (indirect) >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation OR Radical >> Radical mechanism by ROS formation >> Polynitroarenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Coumarins OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Haloalcohols OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitro Azoarenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitroaniline Derivatives OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR Radical >> Radical mechanism via ROS formation (indirect) >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) OR Radical >> ROS formation after GSH depletion (indirect) >> Quinoneimines OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Carbenium ion formation >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after carbenium ion formation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after diazonium or carbenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after diazonium or carbenium ion formation >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after metabolic nitrenium ion formation >> Single-Ring Substituted Primary Aromatic Amines OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitro Azoarenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitroaniline Derivatives OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Nitrophenols, Nitrophenyl Ethers and Nitrobenzoic Acids OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> Polynitroarenes OR SN1 >> Nucleophilic attack after reduction and nitrenium ion formation >> p-Substituted Mononitrobenzenes OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Acylation OR SN2 >> Acylation >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group  >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Acylation involving a leaving group after metabolic activation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> Alkylation by epoxide metabolically formed after E2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation by epoxide metabolically formed after E2 reaction >> Haloalcohols OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related >> Epoxides and Aziridines OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization OR SN2 >> Alkylation, direct acting epoxides and related after cyclization >> Nitrogen Mustards OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Haloalkane Derivatives with Labile Halogen OR SN2 >> Alkylation, nucleophilic substitution at sp3-carbon atom >> Sulfonates and Sulfates OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction OR SN2 >> Alkylation, ring opening SN2 reaction >> Four- and Five-Membered Lactones OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Coumarins OR SN2 >> Direct acting epoxides formed after metabolic activation >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR SN2 >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Acyl Halides OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation OR SN2 >> DNA alkylation >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) OR SN2 >> Internal SN2 reaction with aziridinium and/or cyclic sulfonium ion formation (enzymatic) >> Vicinal Dihaloalkanes OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Haloalkanes Containing Heteroatom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 Carbon atom >> Specific Acetate Esters OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom after thiol (glutathione) conjugation >> Geminal Polyhaloalkane Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an activated carbon atom >> Quinoline Derivatives OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at sp3-carbon atom >> Alpha-Haloethers OR SN2 >> SN2 attack on activated carbon Csp3 or Csp2 OR SN2 >> SN2 attack on activated carbon Csp3 or Csp2 >> Nitroarenes with Other Active Groups by DNA binding by OASIS v.1.3

Domain logical expression index: "f"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "g"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Addition of an Acyl Halide OR Acylation >> Direct Addition of an Acyl Halide >> Alkyl carbamyl halides OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates >> Isocyanates OR Acylation >> Isocyanates and Isothiocyanates >> Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates OR Acylation >> P450 Mediated Activation to Isocyanates or Isothiocyanates >> Formamides OR Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Furans OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation of Heterocyclic Ring Systems >> Thiophenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Alkyl phenols OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Arenes OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Hydroquinones OR Michael addition >> P450 Mediated Activation to Quinones and Quinone-type Chemicals >> Methylenedioxyphenyl OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated amides OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated esters OR Michael addition >> Polarised Alkenes-Michael addition >> Alpha, beta- unsaturated ketones OR Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers OR Schiff base formers >> Direct Acting Schiff Base Formers >> Mono aldehydes OR SN1 OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation OR SN1 >> Iminium Ion Formation >> Aliphatic tertiary amines OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic azo OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Aromatic nitro OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Primary aromatic amine OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary (unsaturated) heterocyclic amine  OR SN1 >> Nitrenium Ion formation >> Tertiary aromatic amine OR SN2 OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation OR SN2 >> P450 Mediated Epoxidation >> Thiophenes-SN2 OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 at an sp3 Carbon atom >> Aliphatic halides by DNA binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "h"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, without OH or NH2 group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "i"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Non binder, impaired OH or NH2 group OR Non binder, MW>500 OR Non binder, non cyclic structure OR Strong binder, OH group by Estrogen Receptor Binding

Domain logical expression index: "j"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "k"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> (Thio)Acyl and (thio)carbamoyl halides and cyanides  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Anhydrides (sulphur analogues of anhydrides)  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Azlactones and unsaturated lactone derivatives  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> Carbamates  OR Acylation >> Direct acylation involving a leaving group >> N-Acylated heteroaromatic amines  OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis >> Amides OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis OR Acylation >> Ester aminolysis or thiolysis >> Activated aryl esters  OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation OR Acylation >> Ring opening acylation >> Active cyclic agents  OR Michael Addition OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> alpha,beta-Carbonyl compounds with polarized double bonds  OR Michael Addition >> Michael addition on conjugated systems with electron withdrawing group >> Cyanoalkenes OR Michael Addition >> Quinoide type compounds OR Michael Addition >> Quinoide type compounds >> Quinone methide(s)/imines; Quinoide oxime structure; Nitroquinones, Naphthoquinone(s)/imines  OR Nucleophilic addition OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds OR Nucleophilic addition >> Addition to carbon-hetero double bonds >> Ketones OR Schiff base formation OR Schiff base formation >> Direct acting Schiff base formers OR Schiff base formation >> Direct acting Schiff base formers >> 1,2-Dicarbonyls and 1,3-Dicarbonyls  OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives OR Schiff base formation >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones derivatives >> Pyrazolones and Pyrazolidinones  OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds OR Schiff base formation >> Schiff base formation with carbonyl compounds >> Aldehydes OR SN2 OR SN2 >> Interchange reaction with sulphur containing compounds OR SN2 >> Interchange reaction with sulphur containing compounds >> Thiols and disulfide compounds  OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom >> Alkyl halides  OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution at sp3 carbon atom >> alpha-Activated haloalkanes  OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom OR SN2 >> Nucleophilic substitution on benzilyc carbon atom >> alpha-Activated benzyls  OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom OR SN2 >> SN2 Reaction at a sp3 carbon atom >> Activated alkyl esters and thioesters  OR SNAr OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds OR SNAr >> Nucleophilic aromatic substitution on activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds >> Activated aryl and heteroaryl compounds by Protein binding by OASIS v1.3

Domain logical expression index: "l"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "m"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Acylation OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group OR Acylation >> Direct Acylation Involving a Leaving group >> Acetates by Protein binding by OECD

Domain logical expression index: "n"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No superfragment by Superfragments ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "o"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Low (Class I) by Toxic hazard classification by Cramer (original) ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "p"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Inclusion rules not met by Eye irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "q"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Aliphatic monoalcohols OR Organic sulphonic salts by Eye irritation/corrosion Inclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "r"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as (!Undefined)Group All Lipid Solubility < 0.01 g/kg by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "s"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.000005 g/L OR Group All Aqueous Solubility < 0.00002 g/L OR Group All log Kow > 9 OR Group All Melting Point > 200 C OR Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0001 g/L OR Group C Aqueous Solubility < 0.0005 g/L OR Group C Melting Point > 55 C OR Group C Molecular Weight > 380 g/mol by Eye irritation/corrosion Exclusion rules by BfR

Domain logical expression index: "t"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as No alert found by in vitro mutagenicity (Ames test) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "u"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Simple aldehyde by in vitro mutagenicity (Ames test) alerts by ISS

Domain logical expression index: "v"

Referential boundary: The target chemical should be classified as Bioavailable by Lipinski Rule Oasis ONLY

Domain logical expression index: "w"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is >= 1.66

Domain logical expression index: "x"

Parametric boundary:The target chemical should have a value of log Kow which is <= 4.61

Interpretation of results:
other: not irritating
Conclusions:
Cinnamyl formate was considered to be not eye irritant.
Executive summary:

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the ocular irritation potential was estimated for Cinnamyl formate. It was estimated that Cinnamyl formate was not irritating to eye of rabbits.

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin irritation:

In different studies, Cinnamyl formate has been investigated for potential for dermal irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits along with human data for target chemical Cinnamyl formate and its structurally similar read across substance Benzyl formate (CAS: 104-57-4). The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data.

A primary dermal irritation test was conducted by Food and Chemical Toxicology 45 (2007) S1–S23 and The Food Chemicals Codex (1972) for the target Cinnamyl formate.

Cinnamyl formate was used as a test material for maximization pre-test to evaluate it’s skin irritation potential on 5 male volunteers .

The test material was used in the concentration of 4% in petrolatum ,

No skin reactions were observed.Cinnamyl formate was considered to be not irritating to human skin.

The above experimental study was supported by The Food Chemicals Codex (1972) for the target Cinnamyl formate evaluated for dermal irritation on rabbits.

Cinnamyl formate when used as a test material undiluted  on intact or abraded rabbit skin for 24 hrs under occlusion gave no skin reaction. Hence , Cinnamyl formate was considered not skin irritation on rabbit skin.

The above study was further supported by , in a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the skin irritation potential was estimated for Cinnamyl formate. It was estimated that Cinnamyl formate was not irritating to skin of rabbits.

The above results were further supported by Food and Chemical Toxicology 50 (2012) S402–S406 in the experimental data conducted for its structurally similar read across substance Benzyl formate (CAS: 104-57-4).

Benzyl formate was applied under an adhesive bandage to the arm of 24 male and female patients for 24 h. The sites were observed for 5 days at 24 h intervals. Mild irritation was observed in one subject,Benzyl formate gave no significant skin reactions on 23 human male and female volunteers . Benzyl formate is considerd not irritating on human skin.

Based on the available data for the target as well as it read across substances;and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that Cinnamyl formate was not irritating to skin. Itcan be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

Eye irritation:

In different studies, Cinnamyl formate has been investigated for potential for ocular irritation to a greater or lesser extent. The studies are based on in vivo experiments in rabbits along with human data for target chemical Cinnamyl formate and its structurally similar read across substance Benzyl formate (CAS: 104-57-4) and structurally and functionally similar read across substance Methyl cinnamate (103-26-4) . The predicted data using the OECD QSAR toolbox has also been compared with the experimental data.

In a prediction done by SSS (2017) using the OECD QSAR toolbox with log kow as the primary descriptor, the ocular irritation potential was estimated for Cinnamyl formate. It was estimated that Cinnamyl formate was not irritating to eye of rabbits.

The above study was supported by experimental study conducted by Food and Chemical Toxicology, 50 (2012) S402-S406 for its structurally similar read across substance Benzyl formate (CAS: 104-57-4)

Benzyl formate (undiluted) was evaluated for eye irritation in four female SPF alibino rabbits. A dose volume of 0.1 ml was instilled into one eye. The untreated eye of each animal served as a control. Observations were made at 1, 48, 72 h and 7 days after treatment. At 24 h after dosing, corneal opacity was scattered or diffuse on more than one quarter but less than one half of the cornea. Application of fluorescein confirmed this finding. The conjunctivawere diffuse, crimson red with individual vessels not easily discernible, swelling was noted as well as an abnormal discharge. At 48 h after dosing, the scattered or diffuse area of opacity was still noted on one quarter or less of the cornea, even after instillation of fluorescein. The conjunctiva was diffusely red; the individual vessels were not easily discernible and abnormal swelling was present. At 72 h after dosing, the conjunctival vessels were injected and following the instillation of fluorescein a scattered or diffuse area of opacity on one quarter or less of the cornea was noted. By 7 days after dosing the animals were free of any signs of eye irritation

Benzyl formate when applied on the eye of SPF albino rabbits and observed for 7 days gave ocular reactions which were cleared by day 7. Hence , Benzyl formate is considered to be non eye irritant.

The above study was further supported by experimental study conducted by Food and Chemical Toxicology 45 (2007) S1–S23 for itsstructurally and functionally similar read across substance Methyl cinnamate (103-26-4) .

Methyl cinnamate was used as test material for evaluating its eye irritation potential on rabbits

The test material was applied ocularly in the concentration 100% ,

No ocular reaction were observed . Hence, Methyl cinnamate can be considered non eye irritant on rabbit eye.

 

 Based on the available data for the target as well as it read across substances;and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that Cinnamyl formate was not irritating to eye. Itcan be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.

 

Justification for classification or non-classification

Based on the available data for the target as well as it read across substances;and applying the weight of evidence approach, it can be concluded that Cinnamyl formate was not irritating to eye and skin. It can be classified under the category “Not Classified” as per CLP regulation.