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Environmental fate & pathways

Phototransformation in water

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
phototransformation in water
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
other information
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
European Union Risk Assessment Report - ANTHRACENE [CAS No: 120-12-7] - FINAL APPROVED VERSION
Author:
European Union / Greece
Year:
2008
Bibliographic source:
European Communities [http://ecb.jrc.ec.europa.eu/esis/]
Report Date:
2008

Materials and methods

Principles of method if other than guideline:
not applicable: summary report - review

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent

Results and discussion

Any other information on results incl. tables

From European Union / Greece 2008:

Photolysis of anthracene

Season

Environment

Experim.

time

(hours)

Temp.

0C

Removal rate constant

(hours-1)

Half live (hours)

References

Adsorption of anthracene onto the SiO2surface from cyclohexane

5.16x10-4/sec

20min

Zingg, S. P., et al, 1993

Degradation to anthraquinone

43 min

Landrum P F, et al, 1984

Summer

Direct sunlight in distilled water

24

1.6

Callaghan et al, 1979

Winter

Direct sunlight in distilled water

24

0.15

4.8

Callaghan et al, 1979

Surface waters

1

Bertilsson & Widenfalk,1979

Midsummer sunlight

Slow clear water

25

0.004-0.238

Southworth, 1977

Midsummer

Near surface water

0.75

Harris, 1982

Inland water

108

Zepp & Schlotzhauer, 1979

Inland water with sediment

124.8

Zepp & Schlotzhauer, 1979

Distilled water

0.66

1

Fukuda et al, 1988

High pressure mercury lamp or sunlight

0.0023 min-1

0.5

Wang et al. 1991

Applicant's summary and conclusion