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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
14 March - 31 March 2017
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2017
Report date:
2017

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1100 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: EC No 440/2008, part B: "Acute Oral Toxicity, Acute Toxic Class Method"
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: JMAFF Guidelines (2000), including the most recent revisions
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
no

Test material

Constituent 1
Chemical structure
Reference substance name:
Methyl (1R,3S,4R,5R)-3-{[(2,6-dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-4-yl)carbonyl]amino}-5-({2,4,6-tri-O-benzoyl-3-O-[(2S)-1-(benzyloxy)-3-cyclohexyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl]-β-Dgalactopyranosyl}oxy)-4-[(2,3,4-tri-O-benzyl-6-deoxy-α-L-galactopyranosyl)oxy]cyclohexanecarboxylate
EC Number:
816-314-3
Cas Number:
927881-65-0
Molecular formula:
C83H87N3O21
IUPAC Name:
Methyl (1R,3S,4R,5R)-3-{[(2,6-dioxo-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrimidin-4-yl)carbonyl]amino}-5-({2,4,6-tri-O-benzoyl-3-O-[(2S)-1-(benzyloxy)-3-cyclohexyl-1-oxopropan-2-yl]-β-Dgalactopyranosyl}oxy)-4-[(2,3,4-tri-O-benzyl-6-deoxy-α-L-galactopyranosyl)oxy]cyclohexanecarboxylate
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
White solid
Test item storage: At room temperature
Specific details on test material used for the study:
White solid
Test item storage: At room temperature
Batch: 902/6460031/D/13/1 (is same batch as batch E010017351 on Certificate of Analysis)

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Crl: WI(Han)
Sex:
female
Details on test animals or test system and environmental conditions:
Justification for Test System and Number of Animals:
The Wistar Han rat was chosen as the animal model for this study as recognized by international guidelines as a recommended test system. The test method and number of animals were based on the test guidelines. This type of study plan was reviewed and agreed by the Laboratory Animal Welfare Officer and the Ethical Committee of Charles River Den Bosch as required by the Dutch Act on Animal Experimentation (February 1997).
Animal Identification:
At study assignment, each animal was identified using an ear mark and tail mark with indelible ink.
Environmental Acclimation:
The animals were allowed to acclimate to the Test Facility toxicology accommodation for at least 5 days before the commencement of dosing.
Housing:
On arrival and following assignment to the study, animals were group housed (up to 5 animals of the same sex and same dosing group together) in polycarbonate cages containing sterilized sawdust as bedding material equipped with water bottles. Each cage was clearly labeled.
Environmental Conditions:
Target temperatures of 18 to 24°C with a relative target humidity of 40 to 70% were maintained. The actual daily mean temperature during the study period 21°C with an actual daily mean relative humidity of 44 to 49%. A 12-hour light/12-hour dark cycle was
maintained. Ten or greater air changes per hour with 100% fresh air (no air recirculation) were maintained in the animal rooms.
Food:
Pelleted rodent diet was provided ad libitum throughout the study, except during designated procedures.
Water:
Municipal tap-water was freely available to each animal via water bottles.

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Vehicle:
propylene glycol
Details on oral exposure:
The toxicity of the test item was assessed by stepwise treatment of groups of 3 females. The absence or presence of mortality of animals dosed at one step determined the next step, based on the test procedure defined in the guidelines. The onset, duration and severity of the signs of toxicity were taken into account for determination of the time interval between the dose groups. The first group was treated at a dose level of 2000 mg/kg. Based on the results, one additional group was dosed at 2000 mg/kg.
Doses:
2000 mg/kg body weight
No. of animals per sex per dose:
2 groups of 3 females each (6 total rats)
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
Administration of Test item:
A single dose of test item was administered to the appropriate animals by oral gavage on Day 1, using a syringe with a plastic gavage cannula attached. The dose volume for each animal was based on the body weight measurement prior to dosing. A dose volume of 10 mL/kg body weight was used for each dose. The dosing formulations were stirred continuously during dose administration. Animals were deprived of food overnight (for a maximum of 20 hours) prior to dosing and until 3-4 hours after administration of the test item. Water was available.
Mortality/Moribundity Checks:
Throughout the study, animals were observed for general health/mortality and moribundity twice daily, once in the morning and once in the afternoon. Animals were not removed from cage during observation, unless necessary for identification or confirmation of possible findings.
Postdose Observations:
Postdose observations were performed at periodic intervals on the day of dosing (at least three times) and once daily thereafter. The observation period was 14 days. All the animals were examined for reaction to dosing. The onset, intensity and duration of these signs was recorded (if appropriate). Signs were graded for severity and the maximum grade was predefined at 3 or 4. Grades were coded as slight (grade 1), moderate (grade 2), severe (grade 3) and very severe (grade 4). For certain signs, only its presence (grade 1) or absence (grade 0) was scored.
Body Weights:
Animals were weighed individually on Day 1 (predose), 8 and 15. A fasted weight was recorded on the day of dosing.
Terminal Procedures:
All moribund animals and animals surviving to the end of the observation period were sacrificed by oxygen/carbon dioxide procedure. All animals assigned to the study were subjected to necropsy and descriptions of all internal macroscopic abnormalities were recorded.
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Key result
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
approximate LD50
Effect level:
2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred.
Clinical signs:
Piloerection was noted for three out of six animals on Day 1 only.
Body weight:
The mean body weight gain shown by the animals over the study period was considered to be similar to that expected for normal untreated animals of the same age and strain.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
The oral LD50 value of PF-06460260 in Wistar rats was established to exceed 2000 mg/kg body weight.
According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.
Executive summary:

PF-06460260 does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for acute oral toxicity according to the Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2015) (including all amendments) and Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of items and mixtures (including all amendments).