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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

4.1. Description of first aid measures
Immediately remove contaminated clothing. If the patient is likely to become unconscious, place and transport in stable sideways position (recovery position). First aid personnel should pay attention to their own safety.

If inhaled:
Keep patient calm, remove to fresh air, seek medical attention. Immediately administer a corticosteroid from a controlled/metered dose inhaler.

On skin contact:
Immediately wash thoroughly with plenty of water, apply sterile dressings, consult a skin specialist.

On contact with eyes:
Immediately wash affected eyes for at least 15 minutes under running water with eyelids held open, consult an eye specialist.

On ingestion:
Rinse mouth thoroughly with water, seek medical attention.

4.2. Most important symptoms and effects, both acute and delayed
Symptoms: skin corrosion, irritation of the mucous membranes, irritates the eyes and respiratory tract, Further symptoms are possible

4.3. Indication of any immediate medical attention and special treatment needed
Treatment: Treat according to symptoms (decontamination, vital functions), no known specific antidote. Pulmonary odema prophylaxis. Medical monitoring for at least 24 hours.

Fire-fighting measures

5.1. Extinguishing media
Suitable extinguishing media:
water spray, dry powder, foam, carbon dioxide

5.2. Special hazards arising from the substance or mixture
carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide, nitrous gases
The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire.

5.3. Advice for fire-fighters
Special protective equipment:
Wear self-contained breathing apparatus and chemical-protective clothing.

Further information:
Dispose of fire debris and contaminated extinguishing water in accordance with official regulations.

Accidental release measures

6.1. Personal precautions, protective equipment and emergency procedures
Breathing protection required. Avoid contact with the skin, eyes and clothing.

6.2. Environmental precautions
Do not discharge into drains/surface waters/groundwater.

6.3. Methods and material for containment and cleaning up
For small amounts: Pick up with suitable appliance and dispose of. Pick up with absorbent material (e.g. sand, sawdust, general-purpose binder).

For large amounts: Pump off product.

Cleaning operations should be carried out only while wearing breathing apparatus. Clean contaminated floors and objects thoroughly with water and detergents, observing environmental regulations. Collect waste in suitable containers, which can be labeled and sealed. Incinerate or take to a special waste disposal site in accordance with local authority regulations.

6.4. Reference to other sections
Information regarding exposure controls/personal protection and disposal considerations can be found in section 8 and 13.

Handling and storage

7.1. Precautions for safe handling
Ensure thorough ventilation of stores and work areas. Avoid aerosol formation.

Protection against fire and explosion:
The product is combustible. Prevent electrostatic charge - sources of ignition should be kept well clear - fire extinguishers should be kept handy.

7.2. Conditions for safe storage, including any incompatibilities
Segregate from acids and acid forming substances.

Further information on storage conditions: Containers should be stored tightly sealed in a dry place.

Storage stability:
Storage duration: 24 Months
From the data on storage duration in this safety data sheet no agreed statement regarding the warrantee of application properties can be deduced.

7.3. Specific end use(s)
See exposure scenario(s) in the attachment to this safety data sheet.

Transport information

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Marine transport (IMDG)

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Exposure controls / personal protection

8.1. Control parameters

PNEC
freshwater: 0.125 mg/l
marine water: 0.0125 mg/l
intermittent release: 0.046 mg/l
sediment (freshwater): 36.4 mg/kg
sediment (marine water): 3.64 mg/kg
soil: 7.18 mg/kg
STP: 1.6 mg/l
oral (secondary poisoning): 0.556 mg/kg

DNEL
worker:
Short-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 18 mg/m3
worker:
Long-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 0.6 mg/m3

consumer:
Long-term exposure - systemic and local effects, Inhalation: 0.15 mg/m3
consumer:
Long-term exposure- systemic effects, oral: 0.03 mg/kg

8.2. Exposure controls
Personal protective equipment
Respiratory protection:
Respiratory protection in case of vapour/aerosol release. Combination filter for gases/vapours of organic compounds and solid and liquid particles (f.e. EN 14387 Type A-P2)
Consider the risk management measures as outlined in the exposure scenario.

Hand protection:
Suitable materials also with prolonged, direct contact (Recommended: Protective index 6, corresponding > 480 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374):
nitrile rubber (NBR) - 0.4 mm coating thickness
butyl rubber (butyl) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
polyvinylchloride (PVC) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
chloroprene rubber (CR) - 0.5 mm coating thickness
fluoroelastomer (FKM) - 0.7 mm coating thickness
Suitable materials short-term contact and/or splashes (recommended: At least protective index 2, corresponding > 30 minutes of permeation time according to EN 374)
natural rubber/natural latex (NR) - 0.5 mm coating thickness
Supplementary note: The specifications are based on tests, literature data and information of glove manufacturers or are derived from similar substances by analogy. Due to many conditions (e.g. temperature) it must be considered, that the practical usage of a chemical-protective glove in practice may be much shorter than the permeation time determined through testing.
Manufacturer's directions for use should be observed because of great diversity of types.

Eye protection:
Tightly fitting safety goggles (cage goggles) (e.g. EN 166) and face shield.

Body protection:
Body protection must be chosen depending on activity and possible exposure, e.g. apron, protecting boots, chemical-protection suit (according to EN 14605 in case of splashes or EN ISO 13982 in case of dust).

General safety and hygiene measures
Handle in accordance with good industrial hygiene and safety practice. Wearing of closed work clothing is required additionally to the stated personal protection equipment. Take off immediately all contaminated clothing. Store work clothing separately.

Stability and reactivity

10.1. Reactivity
No hazardous reactions if stored and handled as prescribed/indicated.
Formation of flammable gases:
Remarks: Forms no flammable gases in the presence of water.

10.2. Chemical stability
The product is chemically stable.

10.3. Possibility of hazardous reactions
Strong exothermic reaction with acids. Incompatible with acid chlorides and acid anhydrides.

10.4. Conditions to avoid
Avoid all sources of ignition: heat, sparks, open flame.

10.5. Incompatible materials
Substances to avoid: Copper, strong acids, oxidizing agents, brass

10.6. Hazardous decomposition products
Hazardous decomposition products: carbon monoxide, Carbon dioxide

The substances/groups of substances mentioned can be released in case of fire., nitrogen oxides

Disposal considerations

13.1. Waste treatment methods
Incinerate in suitable incineration plant, observing local authority regulations.
A waste code in accordance with the European waste catalog (EWC) cannot be specified, due to dependence on the usage.
The waste code in accordance with the European waste catalog (EWC) must be specified in cooperation with disposal agency/manufacturer/authorities.

Contaminated packaging:
Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible; then it can be passed on for recycling after being thoroughly cleaned.