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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Reference
Endpoint:
bioaccumulation in aquatic species: fish
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Jun 30 - Aug 16, 2004
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: This study was performed according to GLP and the methods applied are fully compliant with OECD TG 305.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: METI Guideline: Concentration Test on Chemical Substances in Fish
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 305 (Bioconcentration: Flow-through Fish Test)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes (incl. QA statement)
Radiolabelling:
no
Details on sampling:
- Sampling intervals/frequency for test organisms: days 0, 7, 14, 21, 23, 25, 28- Sampling intervals/frequency for test medium samples: days 0, 7, 14, 21, 23, 25, 28- Details on sampling and analysis of test organisms and test media samples (e.g. sample preparation, analytical methods):LC analysis.Fish: two fish per sampling homogenised, and extracted with acetonitril/n-hexane. The analysis was performed using LC.
Vehicle:
yes
Details on preparation of test solutions, spiked fish food or sediment:
According to guideline PREPARATION AND APPLICATION OF TEST SOLUTION (especially for difficult test substances)- Chemical name of vehicle (organic solvent, emulsifier or dispersant): SPAN 20- Concentration of vehicle in test medium (stock solution and final test solution(s) at different concentrations and in control(s)): Dose 1: Test item: 0.02 mg/L , Vehicle: 0.2 mg/LDose 2: Test item: 0.002 mg/L , Vehicle: 0.02 mg/LControl: Test item: --, Vehicle: 0.2 mg/L
Test organisms (species):
Cyprinus carpio
Details on test organisms:
Lot No. 40626 from 2004-05-26Weight: 0.8 +/- 0.09 gLength: 4.6 +/- 0.20 cm
Route of exposure:
aqueous
Test type:
flow-through
Water / sediment media type:
natural water: freshwater
Total exposure / uptake duration:
28 d
Total depuration duration:
> 42 d
Test temperature:
25.6 ° +/- 0.4 °C
pH:
7.2 +/- 0.1
Dissolved oxygen:
7.1 +/- 0.4 mg/L
Salinity:
According to guideline
Details on test conditions:
After acclimatisation period, the fish (Cyprinus carpio) were transferred into the test media under flow through conditions. Exposure concentrations were analytically verified at days 0, 7, 14, 21, 23, 25 and 28. The analytical values show that the nominal concentrations of 0.02 and 0.002 mg/L were maintained at about 100% using SPAN 20, respectively. At days 0, 7, 14, 21, 23, 25 and 28 two fish each were removed from each test group. Body weight was determined. The fish were homogenised and extracted The extract was analysed with LC.A depuration was followed from day 28 up to day 42.
Nominal and measured concentrations:
nominal concentration 0.02 mg/L: analytically measured concentrations: day 0: 0.0193 mg/Lday 7: 0.0172 mg/L day 14: 0.0180 mg/Lday 21: 0.0199 mg/Lday 23: 0.0203 mg/Lday 25: 0.0205 mg/Lday 28: 0.0164 mg/Lnominal concentration 0.002 mg/Lanalytically measured concentrations:day 0: 0.00197 mg/Lday 7: 0.00199 mg/L day 14: 0.00180 mg/Lday 21: 0.00199 mg/Lday 23: 0.00200 mg/Lday 25: 0.00198 mg/Lday 28: 0.00188 mg/L
Details on estimation of bioconcentration:
according to guideline
Type:
BCF
Value:
1 162 dimensionless
Basis:
normalised lipid fraction
Time of plateau:
14 d
Calculation basis:
steady state
Remarks on result:
other: analytical concentration
Remarks:
Conc.in environment / dose:0.02 mg/L
Type:
BCF
Value:
1 221 dimensionless
Basis:
normalised lipid fraction
Time of plateau:
7 d
Calculation basis:
steady state
Remarks on result:
other: analytical concentration
Remarks:
Conc.in environment / dose:0.002 mg/L
Elimination:
not specified
Details on kinetic parameters:
steady state was reached within 7 daysDepuration phase dropped below 100 at day 42
Metabolites:
none
Details on results:
- Mortality of test organisms: no effects- Behavioural abnormalities:no effects- Observations on body length and weight:no effects- Other biological observations: no effects- Bound residues forming a plateau: no- Mortality and/or behavioural abnormalities of control: no- Loss of test substance during test period: no- Results with vehicle control: no effects
Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Conclusions:
The steady state BCF values were at 1162 and 1221 (mean 1191). The test material showed no relevant bioaccumulation at concentrations at or above the water solubility (BCF < 2000).

Description of key information

BCFs from OECD TG 305 compliant GLP study: 1162 and 1221 (mean 1191).
The test material showed no relevant bioaccumulation (BCF < 2000).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

BCF (aquatic species):
1 190 dimensionless

Additional information