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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

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Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
2007
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted according to OECD Guideline 301 C but with deviations: no detail on material and methods
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no detail on material and methods
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not applicable
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
No data
Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge (adaptation not specified)
Details on inoculum:
- Concentration of sludge: 30 mg/L
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Initial conc.:
100 mg/L
Based on:
test mat.
Details on study design:
No data
Preliminary study:
No data
Test performance:
No data
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
>= 90 - <= 95
Sampling time:
28 d
Details on results:
- Indirect analysis (BOD): 91, 90 and 95%
- Direct analysis (GC): 100, 100 and 100%
Results with reference substance:
No data

None

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
Under the test conditions, alpha-pinene was readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

In a ready biodegradation study performed according to OECD Guideline 301 C, alpha-pinene was tested at concentrations of 100 mg/L and the inoculum was activated sludge (30 mg/L). The degradation of the test material was assessed by the determination of the oxygen consumption.

At 100 mg/L test concentration, 90 -95% degradation (biochemical oxygen demand) was reached in 28 days.

 

Under the test conditions, alpha-pinene was readily biodegradable.

 

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Study period:
1993
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: Study conducted according to OECD Guideline 301 C but with deviations: no detail on material and methods
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 C (Ready Biodegradability: Modified MITI Test (I))
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
no detail on material and methods
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Not applicable
GLP compliance:
not specified
Specific details on test material used for the study:
No data
Oxygen conditions:
aerobic
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge (adaptation not specified)
Details on inoculum:
- Concentration of sludge: 30 ppm
Duration of test (contact time):
2 wk
Initial conc.:
100 other: ppm
Based on:
test mat.
Details on study design:
Standard type
Preliminary study:
No data
Test performance:
No data
Parameter:
% degradation (O2 consumption)
Value:
>= 89 - <= 95
Sampling time:
2 wk
Details on results:
- Indirect analysis (BOD): 89%
- Direct analysis (TOC) & (GC): 95% and 100% respectively.
Results with reference substance:
No data

None

Validity criteria fulfilled:
not specified
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
Under the test conditions, the test item was readily biodegradable.
Executive summary:

In a ready biodegradation study performed according to OECD Guideline 301 C, the test item was tested at concentrations of 100 mg/L and the inoculum was activated sludge (30 mg/L). The degradation of the test material was assessed by the determination of the oxygen consumption.

At 100 mg/L test concentration, 89% degradation (biochemical oxygen demand) was reached in 2 weeks.

 

Under the test conditions, ethanol was readily biodegradable.

Description of key information

Based on a weight of evidence approach with data on constituents, the registered substance cannot be considered as readily biodegradable.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Biodegradation in water:
under test conditions no biodegradation observed

Additional information

Individual data about the ready biodegradability of the main constituents of the substance are provided in the table below:

Constituents

CAS No

% ranges*

Biodegradation results

Reference

Alpha-pinene

80 -56 -8

0 - 3

Readily Biodegradable

MITI, 2007

Ethanol 64 -17 -5 0 - 2 Readily Biodegradable  MITI, 1993

* % ranges have been taken from the SIP of the substance. Only major constituents (>= 1% based on upper value of the range) were taken into account for this assessment.

Regarding these ranges, the unknown part of the NCS composition remains high. According to the SIP, the unknown constituents represent 76 to 99%.

With data on individual constituents, it is therefore not possible to consider that the substance is readily biodegradable, because of a lack of data at the whole substance scale.

By default, the substance is considered not readily biodegradable.