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Surface tension

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Reference
Endpoint:
surface tension
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
24 April 2018
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study with acceptable restrictions
Remarks:
Although a recognised guideline was followed, the study was not conducted under GLP conditions.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 115 (Surface Tension of Aqueous Solutions)
Version / remarks:
27 July 1995
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
EU Method A.5 (Surface Tension)
Version / remarks:
Regulation (EC) 440/2008 of 30 May 2008
Deviations:
yes
Remarks:
The measurement was carried out at 25 °C instead of 20 °C as per the guideline requirement.
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
plate method
Key result
Surface tension:
44.93 mN/m
Temp.:
25 °C
Conc.:
1.004 g/L
Remarks on result:
other: Mean Value

Results:

The readings, times and temperatures for the sample solutions are shown in the following tables:

 

Table 1:          Surface Tension Measurements

Measurement

Surface Tension (mN/m)

Note

Water

72.1

Measured value at 25 °C

Aliquot 1

44.95

Sample age: < 1 hour

Aliquot 2

44.92

Sample age: < 1 hour

Aliquot 3

44.93

Sample age: < 1 hour

Mean

44.93

 

 

The mean measured surface tension of a 1.004 g/l solution of sodium octane-1-sulphonate in de-ionised water was determined to be 44.93 mN/m at 25 °C.

Conclusions:
The mean measured surface tension of a 1.004 g/l solution of the test item in de-ionised water was determined to be 44.93 mN/m at 25 °C.
Executive summary:

OECD 115 – The surface tension of the test item was determined using the plate method.  The procedure employed was designed to be compatible with OECD Guideline for the testing of chemicals number 115 (adopted 27 July 1995).

An instrumentation calibration was performed using ultra-pure water.  A standard solution of test item in de-ionised water was prepared to a concentration of 1 g/l.  From this solution three aliquots were taken and transferred to the experimental apparatus.  Surface tension measurement was performed on each aliquot within 1 hour of preparation of the test item solution.  Each measurement was conducted at 25 °C.

The mean surface tension following measurement of a 1 g/l solutions of test item in de-ionised water was determined to be 44.9 mN/m at 25 °C.

Description of key information

Surface Tension: 44.93 mN/m at 25 °C; OECD 115; D. Anderson (2018)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Surface tension:
44.93
in mN/m at 20°C and concentration in mg/L:
1 004

Additional information

OECD 115 – The surface tension of the test item was determined using the plate method.  The procedure employed was designed to be compatible with OECD Guideline for the testing of chemicals number 115 (adopted 27 July 1995).

An instrumentation calibration was performed using ultra-pure water.  A standard solution of test item in de-ionised water was prepared to a concentration of 1 g/l.  From this solution three aliquots were taken and transferred to the experimental apparatus.  Surface tension measurement was performed on each aliquot within 1 hour of preparation of the test item solution.  Each measurement was conducted at 25 °C.

The mean surface tension following measurement of a 1 g/l solutions of test item in de-ionised water was determined to be 44.9 mN/m at 25 °C.