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Description of key information

Skin irritation:

Irritating (similair to in vitro skin irritation in reconstructed human epidermal model). Key study; Klimisch score 2.

Eye irritation:

Not Irritating (in vitro eye irritation in human model EpiOcularTM). Key study; Klimisch score 1.

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Skin irritation / corrosion

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
Q2/2013
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study without detailed documentation
Qualifier:
equivalent or similar to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 439 (In Vitro Skin Irritation: Reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method)
GLP compliance:
not specified
Remarks:
The summary report only was received from data owner. No details on GLP compliance was provided. The data owner is requested to provide the full study report.
Specific details on test material used for the study:
SOURCE OF TEST MATERIAL
- Source and lot/batch No.of test material: 2141111
Test system:
human skin model
Source species:
human
Cell type:
non-transformed keratinocytes
Details on test system:
SkinEthic Skin Irritation Test-42bis adday
Duration of treatment / exposure:
42 hours
Duration of post-treatment incubation (if applicable):
42 hours
Number of replicates:
Three
Details on study design:
Each test substance (test material, negative and positive controls) is topically applied concurrently on three tissues replicates for 42 minutes at room temperature (RT, comprised between 18°C to 24°C). Exposure to the test substance was followed by rinsing with phosphate buffer saline (PBS) and mechanically dried. Epidermis were then transferred to fresh medium and incubated at 37°C for 42 additional hours. Cell viability is assessed by incubating the tissues for 3 hours with 0.3 mL MTT solution (1 mg/mL). The formazan crystals are extracted using 1.5 mL isopropanol for 2 hours at RT and quantified by spectrophotometry at 570 nm wavelength. Sodium Dodecyl Sulphate (SDS 5%), and PBS treated epidermis are used as positive and negative controls, respectively. For each treated tissue, the cell viability is expressed as the percentage of the mean negative control tissues. Values less than 50% is qualified the test substance as irritant.
Irritation / corrosion parameter:
% tissue viability
Value:
39.7
Vehicle controls validity:
not applicable
Negative controls validity:
valid
Positive controls validity:
valid
Other effects / acceptance of results:
Negative control (NC) acceptance criteria: The NC data meet the acceptance criteria if the mean OD value of the 3 tissues is ≥ 1.2 at 570 nm.
The Standard Deviation value is considered as valid if it is ≤ 18%, according to the Performance Standards (ECVAM SIVS, 2007).

Positive control (PC) acceptance criteria: The PC data meet the acceptance criteria if the mean viability, expressed as % of the NC, is < 40 % and the Standard Deviation value is ≤ 18 %.

Batch acceptance criteria: All test substance data from one batch are considered as valid if both the negative and the positive controls data fulfill the above criteria requirements.

 OD 570 nm

       Tissue 1

       Tissue 2        Tissue 3  Mean

Mean

Tissue

Viability (%)

 SD

(%)

 Conclusion
 PBS (Negative control)  2,540 2,531  2,540  2,544  2,469  2,507  2,557  2,460  2,445  2,510  100  1,0  non irritant 
 SDS (Postive control) 0,024  0,024  0,024  0,025  0,024  0,023  0,024  0,025  0,024  0,024  1,0  0,0  irritant 
 Cyperus scariosis, ext.  0,817 0,812  0,815  1,443  1,359  1,374  0,812  0,754  0,774  0,996  39,7  13,7  irritant 
Interpretation of results:
Category 2 (irritant) based on GHS criteria
Conclusions:
The SkinEthic Skin Irritation Test designed for the prediction of acute skin irritation of chemicals by measurement of its cytotoxic, as reflected in the MTT assay indicated cell viability of 39,7%. Based on the criteria for interpretation the test item, Cyperus scariosusm ext. is classified as irritant. According to CLP, substance is irritant, cat. 2.
Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
adverse effect observed (irritating)

Eye irritation

Link to relevant study records
Reference
Endpoint:
eye irritation: in vitro / ex vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
5 Jan 2018 to 2 Feb 2018
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 492 (Reconstructed Human Cornea-like Epithelium (RhCE) Test Method for Identifying Chemicals Not Requiring Classification and Labelling for Eye Irritation or Serious Eye Damage)
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Vehicle:
unchanged (no vehicle)
Controls:
yes, concurrent positive control
yes, concurrent negative control
Amount / concentration applied:
50 ul
Duration of treatment / exposure:
30 minutes
Duration of post- treatment incubation (in vitro):
120 minutes
Number of animals or in vitro replicates:
Two
Details on study design:
8.4 Preparation of EpiOcular Tissues for Treatment
On the day of tissue receipt (16 January 2018) the tissues in its 24 well plate shipping container, was equilibrated to room temperature for about 15 minutes. In a 6 well plate 1 mL of assay medium was added to each well and warmed to approximately 37ºC in a Co2 incubator.
The 24 well plate shipping container was removed from the plastic bag under sterile conditions and surface disinfected by wiping with 70% ethanol. Each tissue in the 24 well plate was inspected for air bubbles between the insert and the agarose gel.
Tissues free of defects were selected and removed carefully from the 24 well plate using sterile forceps, agarose adhering to insert was removed gently by blotting on to sterile filter paper and placed in the 6 well plate containing 1 mL of assay medium, incubated at 37°C, 5% CO2 for 1 hour.
After 1 hour, assay medium was replaced with fresh assay medium and incubated further at 37°C, 5% CO2 for 16 hours.
8.5 Treatment
All the treatments were maintained in duplicates (n=2). Tissues were treated with the negative control, positive control followed by the test item.
8.5.1 Pre-Treatment
After the overnight incubation, the tissues were pre-wetted by adding 20 μL of Ca++Mg++Free-DPBS on to the tissue surface. The plates were gently tapped to assure that the entire tissue surface is wetted. The tissues were then incubated at 37oC, 5% Co2 for 30 minutes.
8.5.2 Test Item / Controls Exposure
After the 30 minutes Ca++Mg++Free-DPBS pre-treatment, 50 μL each of negative control, positive control and test item was applied topically on the EpiOcular™ tissues to cover the upper surface.

The tissue insert were gently tapped to make sure the test item/controls spreads all over the surface of the tissue. Tissues were incubated at 37oC, 5% Co2 for 30 minutes.
8.5.3 Rinsing
At the end of treatment time (30 minutes), controls/test item were removed by extensively rinsing the tissues with Ca++Mg++ free DPBS as described in detail below.
Three sets of sterile beaker (100 mL capacity) containing 75 mL of Ca++Mg++ free DPBS were prepared for each treatment (test item and controls tested).
The inserts containing the tissue was lifted out of the medium by grasping the upper edge of the plastic "collar" with fine forceps, two tissues of the same treatment were rinsed at a time by holding replicate inserts together by their collars using forceps. Care was taken not to damage the tissues by the forceps.
The test item and controls were decanted from the tissue surface onto a clean absorbent material and the tissues were dipped into the first beaker of DPBS, swirled in a circular motion for approximately 2 seconds, lifted out and the liquid was decanted back into the container. This process was performed for two additional times in the first beaker.
The tissues were then rinsed in the second and third beakers of DPBS three times each in the same manner. Finally, remaining liquid was decanted onto the absorbent material.
8.5.4 Post Soak
After rinsing, the tissues were immediately transferred to a pre labelled 12 well plate containing 5 mL of previously warmed assay medium, immersed and kept at room temperature for 12 minutes to facilitate the removal of any residue test item.
8.5.5 Post Incubation
At the end of the Post-Soak immersion, each tissue was removed from the assay medium, the medium was decanted off the tissue, and the tissue construct was blotted on absorbent material.
The tissues were then transferred to a pre-labeled 6 well plate containing 1 mL of warm assay medium. The tissues were incubated at 37oC, 5% Co2 for 2 hours.

8.5.6 MTT Viability Assay
Post treatment incubation of 2 hours, MTT assay was performed.
a) 300 μL of the MTT solution was added to each designated well of a pre labeled 24 well plate.
b) Each tissue insert was removed from the 6 well plate and gently blotted on absorbent material. The tissues were placed into the 24 well plate containing 0.3 mL of MTT solution. Once all the tissues were placed into the 24 well plates, the plates were incubated at 37oC, 5% CO2 for 3 hours.
c) After 3 hour incubation with the MTT solution, each tissue insert was removed from the 24 well plate, the bottom of the insert was blotted on absorbent material, and then transferred to a pre labeled 24 well plate containing 2 mL of isopropanol. The plates were sealed with parafilm and were stored overnight at 2-8°C in the dark. The next day, plates were kept on an orbital plate shaker for shaking at 300 rpm, 25°C for 2 hours 30 minutes to extract the MTT. At the end of the extraction period, the tissues were pierced and the liquid within each tissue insert was decanted into the well from which it was taken.
d) The extract solution was mixed and two 200 µL aliquots were transferred to the appropriate wells according to the plate map. 200 µL of isopropanol was added to the wells designated as blanks. The absorbance at 570 nm of each well was read in microplate reader.
Irritation parameter:
other: Percentage viability of tissue
Run / experiment:
mean of four tissue inserts (2 tissues; 2 inserts / tissue)
Value:
92.59
Vehicle controls validity:
not applicable
Negative controls validity:
valid
Remarks:
deionised water (100% viability)
Positive controls validity:
valid
Remarks:
methyl acetate (35,75% viability)
Other effects / acceptance of results:
ACCEPTANCE OF RESULTS:
- Acceptance criteria met for negative control: The negative control OD was in between > 0.8 and < 2.5.
- Acceptance criteria met for positive control: The mean tissue viability of the positive control was < 50% compared to
the negative control.

Interpretation of results was carried out according to prediction model described below.

Prediction model

If the test item-treated tissue viability is > 60.0% relative to negative control-treated tissue viability, the test item is labeled as non-irritant.

If the test item-treated tissue viability is ≤ 60.0% relative to negative control-treated tissue viability, the test item is labeled as irritant.

In vitroresult

In vivoprediction

mean tissue viability ≤ 60.0%

Irritant

mean tissue viability > 60.0%

Non Irritant

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
Under the test method and test conditions employed the tissues treated with test item showed a relative percent viability 92.59 % (> 60 %) hence, it is concluded that the test item Cypriol (Cyperus scariosus ext. Oil) was Non-Irritant (NI).
Executive summary:

In vitro eye irritation test was carried out using Reconstructed Human Cornea-like Epithelium with an objective to evaluate Eye Irritation potential of the test item Cypriol (Cyperus scariosus ext. Oil).

Pre-checks were performed on Cypriol (Cyperus scariosus ext. Oil) to identify if the test item was a direct MTT reducers and/or colour interfering substance. Test item was found to be non- reducer of MTT and did not interfere with OD as the absorbance 570nm of test item in isopropanol was 0.0053 (not greater than 0.08).

EpiOcularTM tissues were procured from MatTek In Vitro Life Science Laboratories. Upon receipt, the tissues were equilibrated to room temperature for 15 minutes. Tissues were inspected for any air bubbles between the agarose gel and insert. Then the tissues were carefully removed from agarose, blotted to remove agarose sticking to the inserts and transferred into 6 well plate containing 1 mL of assay medium and incubated at 37°C, 5% Co2 for 1 hour. After the incubation period assay medium was replaced with fresh assay medium and incubated at 37°C, 5% Co2 overnight for 16 hours.

Following overnight incubation, tissues were pre-wetted with 20 μL of Ca++Mg++ Free-DPBS and incubated at 37°C, 5% Co2 for 30 minutes.

After prewetting, 50 μL each of negative control (sterile deionized water), positive control (Methyl Acetate) and test item (Cypriol) was added on to the tissue surface. All the treatments were carried in duplicates (2 EpiOcular tissues/treatment) and incubated at 37oC, 5% Co2 for 30 minutes.

Post treatment, all the tissues were made free of negative control, positive control and test item by rinsing with Ca++Mg++ free DPBS. Post rinsing, the tissues were dried by blotting on to the tissue paper and soaked in 5 mL of assay medium filled in 12 well plate and incubated further for 12 minutes at room temperature.

Post soaking in media, tissues were transferred to pre labelled 6 well plate containing 1 mL of assay medium and incubated at 37oC, 5% Co2 for 120 minutes.

After recovery period of 120 minutes, MTT assay was carried out by transferring inserts into a 24 well plate containing 0.3 mL of MTT solution and incubated at 37°C, 5% Co2 for 180 minutes. The inserts were transferred to a pre labelled 24 well plate containing 2 mL of isopropanol. The plate was sealed and stored overnight at 2-8°C in the dark and on the next day, the plates were kept on orbital shaker for 2 hours 30 minutes to extract the MTT. MTT-formazan extracted in isopropanol was quantified by optical density (OD) measurement at 570 nm. OD values were analyzed to calculate the relative percent viability of the tissues.

The relative percent viability of the tissues treated with the test item Cypriol (Cyperus scariosus ext. Oil) was 92.59 % considering the mean negative control as 100 % viability. Under the same conditions the positive control

Methyl Acetate showed only 35.75 % viability confirming the sensitivity of the test system.

Under the test method and test conditions employed the tissues treated with test item showed a relative percent viability > 60 % hence, it is concluded that the test item Cypriol (Cyperus scariosus ext. Oil) was Non-Irritant (NI).

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no adverse effect observed (not irritating)

Respiratory irritation

Endpoint conclusion
Endpoint conclusion:
no study available

Additional information

Skin irritation

A test similair to the skin irritation study (OECD 439 -in vitro skin irritation in reconstructed Human Epidermis Test Method) was conducted of Cypriol (data owner Robertet,.2013).The purpose of the study was to evaluate the skin irritation potential of the test item by Epidermis (RHE) in vitro model by measuring test item induced decrease in cell viability (as determined by using the MTT reduction assay) below defined threshold levels. The method involved a 42- minute exposure of tissues to the test item.

In the study three tissue replicates were used for each treatment, including negative and positive control. After exposure each tissue was washed and post-incubated for 42 -hours post-incubated. The cultures were transferred to 24-wells plate containing MTT reagent (1 mg/mL) and incubated in a humidified atmosphere 3 h. After incubation, the cultures were rinsed twice and transferred to new 24-well plate and extracted in isopropanol with shaking at room temperature.

Each extraction solution was transferred to a 96-well plate and the absorbances were recorded.Validity of the test method was ascertained by positive control (5% SDS) and by negative control (sterile DPBS). The tissue viability met the acceptance criterion (mean OD of negative control was 2.510). The positive control met the acceptance criterion: mean tissue viability was 1.0% (less than 20%). The viability of culture treated by Cypriol was 39.7%. Therefore, Cypriol is considered to be irritant to the skin.

 

Eye irritation

A good quality guideline compliant eye irritation study (OECD 492in vitro eye irritation in Reconstructed Human Cornea-like Epithelium (RhCE)) was conducted for Cypriol (Paranthaman, V. 2018). Aim of the study was to examine the acute eye irritation potential of the test item by measurement of its cytotoxic effect on the EpiOcularcornea epithelial model. The EpiOcular tissue construct is a nonkeratinized epithelium prepared from normal human keratinocytes.

In this assay, the test article was applied to the surface of the cornea epithelial construct for 30 hours. After exposure period, each tissue was extensively rinsed, and the tissue was allowed to express the resulting damage.

Two construct tissues are used for the treatment with test item and for negative and positive controls. The MTT assay was performed to determine tissue viability. The tissues were transferred in the 24-wells plate containing MTT medium (1 mg/mL) and incubated in a humidified atmosphere for 3 hours. After incubation the blue formazan salt formed was extracted in isopropanol and the optical density of extracted formazan was determined using a spectrophotometer at 540 nm.

Validity of the test method was ascertained by positive control (methyl acetate) and negative control (aqua pro injection). The tissue viability met the acceptance criterion as the mean OD of negative control was 2.005 (acceptance criteria OD > 1.0 and < 2.6). The positive control met the acceptance criterion as the viability of culture treated by methyl acetate was 35.75% (less than 60%).The viability of culture treated by the test item Cypriol was 92.59%. Therefore, Cypriol is considered to be non-irritant to the eye.

Justification for classification or non-classification

The result of the key study (data owner Robertet, 2013) indicates Cypriol to be classified for skin irritant 2 according to CLP Regulation 1272/2008.

The result of the key study (Paranthaman, V. 2018) does not indicate Cypriol to be classified for eye irritant according to CLP Regulation 1272/2008.