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Partition coefficient

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Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
ARChem SPARC. version 4.6

2. MODEL
Properties - Partition coefficient (Distribution)

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
Information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables".

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See information provided in "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
Calculation based on SPARC version v4.6, "Properties" calculation type

- Software tool(s) used including version: SPARC v4.6
- Model(s) used: Properties - Partition coefficient (Log)
SPARC calculates the liquid-liquid partition constant by combining the calculated activities at infinite dilution of the molecular species of interest in each of the liquid phases, as described by Hilal et al. 2004. For the complete method's description see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (623 molecules) and for the external validation (698 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information' and 'overall remarks'.
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
>= 8.75 - <= 9.76
Temp.:
20 °C
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on pH available.

Detailed results for the evaluated representative structures

Constituent

Predicted log Pow

01

8.75

02

9.76

03

9.44

04

9.05

05

8.88

For detailed description of the model and its applicability, see "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables".

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOWWIN v1.68

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: KOWWIN v1.68
The octanol-water partition coefficient of organic compounds is estimated starting from the chemical structure, which is divided into fragments (atom or larger functional groups). Coefficient values of each fragment or group are summed together to yield the log P estimate. For the complete method's description see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (2447 molecules) and for the external validation (10946 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
8.16
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

TYPE

NUM

LOGKOW FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION

COEFF

VALUE

Frag 

3

-CH3 [aliphatic carbon]

0.5473

1.6419

Frag 

14

-CH2- [aliphatic carbon]

0.4911

6.8754

Frag 

1

-CH [aliphatic carbon]

0.3614

0.3614

Frag 

1

-C(=O)O [ester, aliphatic attach]

-0.9505

-0.9505

Const

 

Equation Constant

 

0.2290

 

 

 

Log Kow =

8.1572

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model, but not (completely) falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Remarks:
The substance is not fully compliant with the applicability domain of the model. However, this calculation is used in a weight of evidence approach, in accordance to the REACh Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, Annex XI General rules for adaptation of the standard testing regime set out in Annexes VII to X, 1.2. It is adequately documented and justified: the overall internal quality check in VEGA v1.1.4 indicates that the prediction is reliable with a Klimisch score of 2.
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
VEGA version 1.1.4

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
ALogP Model v. 1.0.0

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: VEGA v1.1.4
- Model(s) used: ALogP Model version 1.0.0
The model is based on the Ghose-Crippen-Viswanadhan LogP (ALogP) and consists of a regression equation based on the hydrophobicity contribution of 120 atom types as described in: A.K. Ghose and G.M. Crippen, J. Comput. Chem. 1986, 7, 565-577; V.N. Viswanadhan et al., J. Comput. Chem. 1993, 14, 1019-1026; A.K. Ghose, V.N. Viswanadhan, J.J. Wendoloski, J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 3762-3772. For the purpose of applicability domain assessment, the training set of the Meylan LogP model (9,961 compounds) has been considered, setting all molecules as belonging to the test set.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
7.34
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

For detailed information on the results please refer to the attached report.

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOWWIN v1.68

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: KOWWIN v1.68
The octanol-water partition coefficient of organic compounds is estimated starting from the chemical structure, which is divided into fragments (atom or larger functional groups). Coefficient values of each fragment or group are summed together to yield the log P estimate. For the complete method's description see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (2447 molecules) and for the external validation (10946 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
9.14
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

TYPE

NUM

LOGKOW FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION

COEFF

VALUE

Frag 

3

-CH3 [aliphatic carbon]

0.5473

1.6419

Frag 

16

-CH2- [aliphatic carbon]

0.4911

7.8576

Frag 

1

-CH [aliphatic carbon]

0.3614

0.3614

Frag 

1

-C(=O)O [ester, aliphatic attach]

-0.9505

-0.9505

Const

 

Equation Constant

 

0.2290

 

 

 

Log Kow =

9.1394

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model, but not (completely) falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Remarks:
The substance is not fully compliant with the applicability domain of the model. However, this calculation is used in a weight of evidence approach, in accordance to the REACh Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, Annex XI General rules for adaptation of the standard testing regime set out in Annexes VII to X, 1.2. It is adequately documented and justified: the overall internal quality check in VEGA v1.1.4 indicates that the prediction is reliable with a Klimisch score of 2.
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
VEGA version 1.1.4

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
ALogP Model v. 1.0.0

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: VEGA v1.1.4
- Model(s) used: ALogP Model version 1.0.0
The model is based on the Ghose-Crippen-Viswanadhan LogP (ALogP) and consists of a regression equation based on the hydrophobicity contribution of 120 atom types as described in: A.K. Ghose and G.M. Crippen, J. Comput. Chem. 1986, 7, 565-577; V.N. Viswanadhan et al., J. Comput. Chem. 1993, 14, 1019-1026; A.K. Ghose, V.N. Viswanadhan, J.J. Wendoloski, J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 3762-3772. For the purpose of applicability domain assessment, the training set of the Meylan LogP model (9,961 compounds) has been considered, setting all molecules as belonging to the test set.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
8.26
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

For detailed information on the results please refer to the attached report.

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOWWIN v1.68

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: KOWWIN v1.68
The octanol-water partition coefficient of organic compounds is estimated starting from the chemical structure, which is divided into fragments (atom or larger functional groups). Coefficient values of each fragment or group are summed together to yield the log P estimate. For the complete method's description see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (2447 molecules) and for the external validation (10946 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
8.92
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

TYPE

NUM

LOGKOW FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION

COEFF

VALUE

Frag

3

-CH3 [aliphatic carbon]

0.5473

1.6419

Frag

14

-CH2- [aliphatic carbon]

0.4911

6.8754

Frag

1

-CH [aliphatic carbon]

0.3614

0.3614

Frag

2

=CH- or =C< [olefinc carbon]

0.3836

0.7672

Frag

1

-C(=O)O [ester, aliphatic attach]

-0.9505

-0.9505

Const

 

Equation Constant

 

0.2290

 

 

 

Log Kow =

8.9244

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model, but not (completely) falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Remarks:
The substance is not fully compliant with the applicability domain of the model. However, this calculation is used in a weight of evidence approach, in accordance to the REACh Regulation (EC) No 1907/2006, Annex XI General rules for adaptation of the standard testing regime set out in Annexes VII to X, 1.2. It is adequately documented and justified: the overall internal quality check in VEGA v1.1.4 indicates that the prediction is reliable with a Klimisch score of 2.
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
VEGA version 1.1.4

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
ALogP Model v. 1.0.0

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: VEGA v1.1.4
- Model(s) used: ALogP Model version 1.0.0
The model is based on the Ghose-Crippen-Viswanadhan LogP (ALogP) and consists of a regression equation based on the hydrophobicity contribution of 120 atom types as described in: A.K. Ghose and G.M. Crippen, J. Comput. Chem. 1986, 7, 565-577; V.N. Viswanadhan et al., J. Comput. Chem. 1993, 14, 1019-1026; A.K. Ghose, V.N. Viswanadhan, J.J. Wendoloski, J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 3762-3772. For the purpose of applicability domain assessment, the training set of the Meylan LogP model (9,961 compounds) has been considered, setting all molecules as belonging to the test set.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
7.81
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

For detailed information on the results please refer to the attached report.

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOWWIN v1.68

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: KOWWIN v1.68
The octanol-water partition coefficient of organic compounds is estimated starting from the chemical structure, which is divided into fragments (atom or larger functional groups). Coefficient values of each fragment or group are summed together to yield the log P estimate. For the complete method's description see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (2447 molecules) and for the external validation (10946 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
8.71
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

TYPE

NUM

LOGKOW FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION

COEFF

VALUE

Frag

3

-CH3 [aliphatic carbon]

0.5473

1.6419

Frag

12

-CH2- [aliphatic carbon]

0.4911

5.8932

Frag

1

-CH [aliphatic carbon]

0.3614

0.3614

Frag

4

=CH- or =C< [olefinc carbon]

0.3836

1.5344

Frag

1

-C(=O)O [ester, aliphatic attach]

-0.9505

-0.9505

Const

 

Equation Constant

 

0.2290

 

 

 

Log Kow =

8.7094

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
VEGA version 1.1.4

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
ALogP Model v. 1.0.0

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: VEGA v1.1.4
- Model(s) used: ALogP Model version 1.0.0
The model is based on the Ghose-Crippen-Viswanadhan LogP (ALogP) and consists of a regression equation based on the hydrophobicity contribution of 120 atom types as described in: A.K. Ghose and G.M. Crippen, J. Comput. Chem. 1986, 7, 565-577; V.N. Viswanadhan et al., J. Comput. Chem. 1993, 14, 1019-1026; A.K. Ghose, V.N. Viswanadhan, J.J. Wendoloski, J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 3762-3772. For the purpose of applicability domain assessment, the training set of the Meylan LogP model (9,961 compounds) has been considered, setting all molecules as belonging to the test set.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
7.37
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH

For detailed information on the results please refer to the attached report.

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
EPI Suite v4.11 Estimation Programs Interface Suite™ for Microsoft® Windows v 4.11. US EPA, United States Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC, USA.

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
KOWWIN v1.68

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Overall remarks, attachments" section.

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: EPI Suite v4.11
- Model(s) used: KOWWIN v1.68
The octanol-water partition coefficient of organic compounds is estimated starting from the chemical structure, which is divided into fragments (atom or larger functional groups). Coefficient values of each fragment or group are summed together to yield the log P estimate. For the complete method's description see field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
The datasets used for the model development (2447 molecules) and for the external validation (10946 molecules) are described in the field 'Any other information on materials and methods incl. tables'.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
8.49
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH available.

TYPE

NUM

LOGKOW FRAGMENT DESCRIPTION

COEFF

VALUE

Frag

3

-CH3 [aliphatic carbon]

0.5473

1.6419

Frag

10

-CH2- [aliphatic carbon]

0.4911

4.9110

Frag

1

-CH [aliphatic carbon]

0.3614

0.3614

Frag

6

=CH- or =C< [olefinc carbon]

0.3836

2.3016

Frag

1

-C(=O)O [ester, aliphatic attach]

-0.9505

-0.9505

Const

 

Equation Constant

 

0.2290

 

 

 

Log Kow =

8.4944

Endpoint:
partition coefficient
Type of information:
(Q)SAR
Adequacy of study:
weight of evidence
Reliability:
2 (reliable with restrictions)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
results derived from a valid (Q)SAR model and falling into its applicability domain, with adequate and reliable documentation / justification
Justification for type of information:
1. SOFTWARE
VEGA version 1.1.4

2. MODEL (incl. version number)
ALogP Model v. 1.0.0

3. SMILES OR OTHER IDENTIFIERS USED AS INPUT FOR THE MODEL
See “Test material information”

4. SCIENTIFIC VALIDITY OF THE (Q)SAR MODEL
See attached information on the model provided by the developer. Further information on the OECD criteria as outlined by the applicant is provided below under "Any other information of materials and methods incl. tables"

5. APPLICABILITY DOMAIN
See attached information and information as provided in "Any other information on results incl. tables".

6. ADEQUACY OF THE RESULT
See assessment of adequacy as outlined in the "Overall remarks, attachments" section.
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
other: REACH Guidance on QSARs R.6
Principles of method if other than guideline:
- Software tool(s) used including version: VEGA v1.1.4
- Model(s) used: ALogP Model version 1.0.0
The model is based on the Ghose-Crippen-Viswanadhan LogP (ALogP) and consists of a regression equation based on the hydrophobicity contribution of 120 atom types as described in: A.K. Ghose and G.M. Crippen, J. Comput. Chem. 1986, 7, 565-577; V.N. Viswanadhan et al., J. Comput. Chem. 1993, 14, 1019-1026; A.K. Ghose, V.N. Viswanadhan, J.J. Wendoloski, J. Phys. Chem. A 1998, 102, 3762-3772. For the purpose of applicability domain assessment, the training set of the Meylan LogP model (9,961 compounds) has been considered, setting all molecules as belonging to the test set.
- Model description: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and 'any other information on Material and methods'
- Justification of QSAR prediction: see field 'Justification for type of information', 'Attached justification' and/or 'overall remarks'
GLP compliance:
no
Type of method:
other: QSAR
Partition coefficient type:
octanol-water
Type:
log Pow
Partition coefficient:
6.92
Remarks on result:
other: QSAR result, no information on temperature and pH

For detailed information on the results please refer to the attached report.

Description of key information

log Pow = 6.92 - 7.37 - 8.16 - 8.37 - 9.14 (QSAR models: VEGA / ALogP version 1.0.0; EPI Suite / KOWWIN version 1.68)

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

The partition coefficient is evaluated based on the QSAR estimates for five representative structures of the target substance. Results from three models were considered for the evaluation: VEGA / ALogP version 1.0.0; EPI Suite / KOWWIN version 1.68, ARChem SPARC v4.6.

Isopropyl palmitate: log Pow = 8.16 (KOWWIN prediction, higher reliability)

Isopropyl stearate: log Pow = 9.14 (KOWWIN prediction, higher reliability)

Isopropyl oleate: log Pow = 8.37 (Average of KOWWIN and ALogP predictions, comparable moderate reliability)

Isopropyl linoleate: log Pow = 7.37 (ALogP prediction, higher reliability)

Isopropyl linolenate: log Pow = 6.92 (ALogP prediction, higher reliability)

 

For each constituent, the three models calculated different results. The reliability of each obtained result was evaluated based on the applicability domain compliance and the models’ performance on similar molecules. Furthermore, the influence of structural features such as the chain length and presence/number of unsaturations were evaluated based on the structure and experimental log Pow of the similar molecules. In particular, ALogP showed better perfomance compared to KOWWIN, for the prediction of similar molecules characterized by unsaturations in the alkyl chain.

 

The SPARC model calculated higher log Pow values for all the constituents. Based on the comparison with the similar molecules available (from ALogP report), these predicted values were considered as overestimated and are used as supporting information, to support the lipophilicity of the substance.