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Toxicological information

Skin irritation / corrosion

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
skin irritation: in vivo
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
supporting study
Reliability:
4 (not assignable)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
secondary literature

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
review article or handbook
Title:
Final Report on the Safety Assessment of Malic Acid and Sodium Malate
Author:
Fiume MZ, Bergfeld WF, Belsito DV, Klaassen CD, Schroeter AL, Shank RC, Slaga TJ, Snyder PW, and Andersen FA
Year:
2001
Bibliographic source:
Int J Toxicol 20 (Suppl 1): 47-55

Materials and methods

GLP compliance:
not specified

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid

Test animals

Species:
guinea pig
Strain:
not specified

Test system

Type of coverage:
not specified
Preparation of test site:
not specified
Vehicle:
not specified
Controls:
not specified
Amount / concentration applied:
500 mg
Duration of treatment / exposure:
24 h

Results and discussion

In vivo

Results
Remarks on result:
positive indication of irritation

Any other information on results incl. tables

strong irritant to guinea pigs

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
Category 2 (irritant) based on GHS criteria