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Environmental fate & pathways

Biodegradation in water: screening tests

Administrative data

Endpoint:
biodegradation in water: ready biodegradability
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
2009
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
guideline study

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2009

Materials and methods

Test guideline
Qualifier:
according to guideline
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 301 B (Ready Biodegradability: CO2 Evolution Test)
GLP compliance:
yes

Test material

Constituent 1
Reference substance name:
1-(1-oxododecyl)-L-proline
Cas Number:
58725-39-6
Molecular formula:
C17H31NO3
IUPAC Name:
1-(1-oxododecyl)-L-proline
Constituent 2
Reference substance name:
1-(1-oxotetradecyl)-L-Proline
Cas Number:
86282-96-4
Molecular formula:
C19H35NO3
IUPAC Name:
1-(1-oxotetradecyl)-L-Proline
Constituent 3
Reference substance name:
1-(1-oxodecyl)-L-Proline
Cas Number:
86282-95-3
Molecular formula:
C15H27NO3
IUPAC Name:
1-(1-oxodecyl)-L-Proline
Constituent 4
Reference substance name:
1-(1-oxooctyl)-L-Proline
Cas Number:
86282-94-2
Molecular formula:
C13H23NO3
IUPAC Name:
1-(1-oxooctyl)-L-Proline
Constituent 5
Reference substance name:
1(1-oxohexadecyl)-L-proline
Cas Number:
59441-32-6
Molecular formula:
C21H39NO3
IUPAC Name:
1(1-oxohexadecyl)-L-proline
Constituent 6
Reference substance name:
Dodecanoylprolyl-Lproline
IUPAC Name:
Dodecanoylprolyl-Lproline
Constituent 7
Reference substance name:
Tetradecanoylprolyl-L-proline
IUPAC Name:
Tetradecanoylprolyl-L-proline
Constituent 8
Reference substance name:
Palmitoylprolyl-L-proline
IUPAC Name:
Palmitoylprolyl-L-proline
Constituent 9
Reference substance name:
1-(1-oxooctadecyl)-L-proline
Molecular formula:
C23H43NO3
IUPAC Name:
1-(1-oxooctadecyl)-L-proline
Constituent 10
Reference substance name:
potassium;chloride
Cas Number:
7447-40-7
Molecular formula:
KCl
IUPAC Name:
potassium;chloride
Constituent 11
Reference substance name:
Reference substance 001
Cas Number:
1310-58-3
Molecular formula:
KOH
Constituent 12
Reference substance name:
Tripotassium phosphate
Cas Number:
7778-53-2
IUPAC Name:
Tripotassium phosphate
impurity 1
Reference substance name:
Unknown impurities
IUPAC Name:
Unknown impurities
Specific details on test material used for the study:
Cocoyl proline is produced directly in water solution. In this test, cocoyl proline was tested in the commercialized form, so in aqueous solution.

This choice was taken considering that for measuring biodegradability, solids need to be dissolved in water before testing. Furthermore, it provides a better understanding on the properties of the substance in the form that will be in contact with final users

Water percentage in the sample varies between 30 and 50%.

Study design

Oxygen conditions:
not specified
Inoculum or test system:
activated sludge, non-adapted
Duration of test (contact time):
28 d
Initial test substance concentration
Initial conc.:
35.7 mg/L
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation
Parameter followed for biodegradation estimation:
CO2 evolution
Reference substance
Reference substance:
benzoic acid, sodium salt

Results and discussion

% Degradation
Key result
Parameter:
% degradation (CO2 evolution)
Value:
74.1
St. dev.:
8 952.865
Sampling time:
2 d

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Validity criteria fulfilled:
yes
Interpretation of results:
readily biodegradable
Conclusions:
The difference of the results of replicate values is inferior to 20% At the 14th test day, the biodegradability of the reference substance is superior to the 60%. CO2 evolved from the blank is less than 70 mg/L. So the test is valid.

RESULTS: Test sample Biodegradation after 28 days > 60% ThCO2