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Environmental fate & pathways

Bioaccumulation: aquatic / sediment

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Description of key information

Glufosinate-ammonium has no potential to bioaccumulate in fish. The BCF was determined to be < 1 (Fischer & Schwalbe-Fehl, 1985; M-112648-01-1).

Key value for chemical safety assessment

Additional information

The potential for bioaccumulation of glufosinate-ammonium in fish was investigated by Fischer & Schwalbe-Fehl (1985; M-112648-01-1) in accordance with EPA Pesticide Assessment Guidelines, Subdivision N: Environmental fate, §165-4 (October 1982). Lepomis macrochirus were exposed to the test substance 3,4 -14C-glufosinate-ammonium (AE F039866, purity 98%) in a continuous flow through system at a nominal concentration of 0.1 mg/L (mean measured concentration: 0.094 ± 0.010 mg/L) for 28 days followed by a 14 day depuration period. In total, 100 fish (age 5 months, 51 mm length) were exposed. The mean test temperature was 22 °C, pH 8.2. The radioactivity in fish and water was measured on day 0, 1, 3, 7, 14, 21 and 28 of the exposure period and on days 1, 3, 7, 10 and 14 of the depuration. Measurements were made in whole fish, and edible/non-edible parts. On days 3 and 21 fish were taken for metabolite identification.

The measured radioactivity in fish on day 28 of the uptake phase were 0.018 µg glufosinate-ammonium equivalents/g whole fish (fresh weight), 0.012 µg/g in edible tissues, and 0.034 µg/g in non-edible parts of the fish. At the end of the depuration phase, radioactivity concentrations were either below the limit of detection (0.004 µg/g) for edible tissues or insignificantly higher (0.005 µg/g for whole fish and 0.006 µg/g for non-edible tissues, respectively).. From the results it can be concluded that BCF for fish is <1. Hence, no bioaccumulation of glufosinate-ammonium is expected.

During biodegradation simulation studies in water, water-sediment and soil systems several metabolites with an amount > 0.1 % were determined. For assessment of their potential bioaccumulation potential their logKow was calculated using the KOWWIN v1.68 module of EPI Suite v4.11.

All calculated logKow values were clearly below the threshold value of 4.5 as stated in ECHA Guidance on Information Requirements and Chemical Safety Assessment Chapter R.7c. Therefore an bioaccumulative potential of metabolites of glufosinate-ammonium under environmental conditions can be excluded.

Compound information

Log Kow

Comments

MPA

CP(=O)(CC(=O)O)O

-1.10

AE F064619

Soil (aerobic) at 28% TAR

MPP

CP(=O)(CCC(=O)O)O

-1.41

AE F061517

Soil (aerobic) at 62% TAR

Water/Sediment (aerobic) at 59%TAR

PPO

CP(=O)(CCC(=O)C(=O)O)O

-2.74

AE F065594

Soil (aerobic) at 25% TAR

Mineralization in surface water (aerobic) at 8.0% TAR

Glufosinate Free Acid

CP(=O)(CCC(C(=O)O)N)O

-4.49

AE F035956

Free acid form of active substance.

Used as reference item in analysis but not used as test item.

AE F130948

CP(=O)(O)O

-1.00

AE F130948

Soil (aerobic) at 58% TAR

 

Glufosinate hydrochloride
AE F035125

CP(=O)(CCC(C(=O)O)[NH3+])O.[Cl-]

-4.49

The log Kow for glufosinate free acid is used here. Log Kow is not predcited for a salt, only the organic part of the salt. The salt would not exist in solution.

AE F035125

Not used as test item. Used for preparation of radio-isotope.

Glufosinate ammoniun
AE F039866

CP(=O)(CCC(C(=O)[O-])N)O.[NH4+]

-4.49

The log Kow for glufosinate free acid is used here. Log Kow is not predcited for a salt, only the organic part of the salt. The salt would not exist in solution.

AE F039866

Active substance

 

AE F078091

[H]P(=O)(C)O

-1.17

AE F078091

Soil (aerobic) at <2.0% TAR

Water/Sediment (aerobic) at 47%TAR

AE F130947

CP(=O)(C(=O)O)O

-1.86

AE F130947

Water/Sediment (aerobic) at 23% TAR

NAG

CC(=O)N[C@@H](CCP(=O)(C)[O-])C(=O)[O-].[Na+].[Na+]

-2.10

Log Kow is not predcited for a salt, only the organic part of the salt. The salt would not exist in solution.

AE F099730

Mineralization in surface water (aerobic) at 26% TAR

Water/Sediment (aerobic) at 14%TAR

AE 0015081

CP(=O)(/C=C/C(=O)O)O

-1.62

AE 0015081

Water/Sediment (aerobic) at <5.0% TAR