Registration Dossier

Administrative data

Workers - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.71 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
75
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
53 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
oral route represents worst case scenario
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
subacute to chronic
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
rat to human
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
worker
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

Local effects

Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.1 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
30
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
30 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
oral route is considered to be the worst case scenario
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
subacute to chronic
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
rat to human
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
5
Justification:
worker
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

Workers - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - workers

1. Identification of relevant dose descriptor

In an OECD 422 study performed in rats, the substance did not cause mortalities. Gastric erosions, decreased body weight and lowered motor activity were recorded at the highest concentration of 90 mg/kg bw. The NOAEL is considered to be 30 mg/kg bw/d.

2. Mode of action

No non-threshold mode of action is associated with the test substance. In particular, the test substance has no genotoxic potential.

3. Application of assessment factors

Allometric scaling: rat to human = 4

Interspecies factor (remaining differences): 2.5

Intraspecies factor: worker = 5, general population = 10

Exposure duration subacute to chronic: 2

Quality of data base: 1

Dose response: 1

4. Daily exposure

Worker: exposed for 8h

General population: exposed for 24h

Calculation of DNEL bases upon Guidance Document on Dermal Absorption, European Commission, 2004 and Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of dose [concentration]-response for human health, may 2008

General Population - Hazard via inhalation route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.17 mg/m³
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
150
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEC
Value:
26 mg/m³
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
the oral route is considered to represent the worst case scenario
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
subacute to chronic
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
rat to human
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

Local effects

Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard via dermal route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.05 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
30 mg/kg bw/day
Explanation for the modification of the dose descriptor starting point:
the oral route is considered to represent the worst case scenario
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
subacute to chronic
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
rat to human
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

Local effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
no-threshold effect and/or no dose-response information available

General Population - Hazard via oral route

Systemic effects

Long term exposure
Hazard assessment conclusion:
DNEL (Derived No Effect Level)
Value:
0.05 mg/kg bw/day
Most sensitive endpoint:
repeated dose toxicity
Route of original study:
Oral
DNEL related information
DNEL derivation method:
ECHA REACH Guidance
Overall assessment factor (AF):
600
Modified dose descriptor starting point:
NOAEL
Value:
30 mg/kg bw/day
AF for dose response relationship:
1
AF for differences in duration of exposure:
6
Justification:
subacute to chronic
AF for interspecies differences (allometric scaling):
4
Justification:
rat to human
AF for other interspecies differences:
2.5
AF for intraspecies differences:
10
Justification:
general population
AF for the quality of the whole database:
1
AF for remaining uncertainties:
1
Acute/short term exposure
DNEL related information

General Population - Hazard for the eyes

Local effects

Hazard assessment conclusion:
no hazard identified

Additional information - General Population

1. Identification of relevant dose descriptor

In an OECD 422 study performed in rats, the substance did not cause mortalities. Gastric erosions, decreased body weight and lowered motor activity were recorded at the highest concentration of 90 mg/kg bw. The NOAEL is considered to be 30 mg/kg bw/d.

2. Mode of action

No non-threshold mode of action is associated with the test substance. In particular, the test substance has no genotoxic potential.

3. Application of assessment factors

Allometric scaling: rat to human = 4

Interspecies factor (remaining differences): 2.5

Intraspecies factor: worker = 5, general population = 10

Exposure duration subacute to chronic: 2

Quality of data base: 1

Dose response: 1

4. Daily exposure

Worker: exposed for 8h

General population: exposed for 24h

Calculation of DNEL bases upon Guidance Document on Dermal Absorption, European Commission, 2004 and Guidance on information requirements and chemical safety assessment Chapter R.8: Characterisation of dose [concentration]-response for human health, may 2008