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Toxicological information

Acute Toxicity: oral

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Administrative data

Endpoint:
acute toxicity: oral
Type of information:
experimental study
Adequacy of study:
key study
Study period:
12 - 29 June 2012
Reliability:
1 (reliable without restriction)
Rationale for reliability incl. deficiencies:
other: The study has been performed according to OECD and/or EC guidelines and according to GLP principles.

Data source

Reference
Reference Type:
study report
Title:
Unnamed
Year:
2012
Report Date:
2012

Materials and methods

Test guidelineopen allclose all
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
OECD Guideline 423 (Acute Oral toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EU Method B.1 tris (Acute Oral Toxicity - Acute Toxic Class Method)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
EPA OPPTS 870.1100 (Acute Oral Toxicity)
Deviations:
no
Qualifier:
according to
Guideline:
other: Japanese Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (JMAFF), 12 Nohsan, Notification No 8147, April 2011, including the most recent partial revisions.
Deviations:
no
GLP compliance:
yes
Test type:
acute toxic class method
Limit test:
no

Test material

Reference
Name:
Unnamed
Type:
Constituent
Test material form:
solid: particulate/powder
Details on test material:
- Name of test material (as cited in study report): CYASORB® UV-2908 Light Stabilizer
- Substance type: White to off-white powder
- Physical state: Powder
- Purity: >98%
- Lot/batch No.: WP1022803
- Expiration date of the lot/batch: 18 April 2013
- Storage condition of test material: At room temperature protected from light
- Hygroscopic: No
- Volatile: No
- Reactivity: Reactive to oxygen, moisture and light
- Test substance handling: For oxygen and moisture: no specific handling required
- For light: use amber-coloured glassware or wrap container in aluminium foil
- pH (1% in water, indicative range): 7.2 – 6.7

Test animals

Species:
rat
Strain:
other: Wistar strain, Crl:WI (Han)
Sex:
female
Details on test animals and environmental conditions:
- Source: Charles River Deutschland, Kisslegg, Germany
- Age at study initiation: Young adult animals (approx. 8-9 weeks old)
- Weight at study initiation: Body weight variation was within +/- 20% of the sex mean (first group: 160 - 173 grams; second group: 154 - 169 grams).
- Fasting period before study: Animals were deprived of food overnight prior to dosing and until 3-4 hours after administration of the test substance. Water was available ad libitum.
- Housing: Group housing of 3 animals per cage in labeled Macrolon cages
- Diet: Free access to pelleted rodent diet (SM R/M-Z from SSNIFF® Spezialdiäten GmbH, Soest, Germany).
- Water: Free access to tap water.
- Acclimation period: At least 5 days

ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS
Environmental controls for the animal room were set to maintain 18 to 24°C, a relative humidity of 40 to 70%, approximately 15 room air changes/hour, and a 12-hour light/12-hour dark cycle.

IN-LIFE DATES: From: 12 - 29 June 2012

Administration / exposure

Route of administration:
oral: gavage
Details on oral exposure:
GAVAGE METHOD: plastic feeding tubes.

Frequency: single dosage, on Day 1.

MAXIMUM DOSE VOLUME APPLIED: 2000 mg/kg (10 mL/kg) body weight.
Dose volume calculated as dose level (g/kg) / specific gravity.

DOSAGE PREPARATION: The formulations (w/w) were prepared within 2 hours prior to dosing. Homogeneity was accomplished to a visually acceptable level. Adjustment was made for specific gravity of the vehicle. No correction was made for purity of the test substance.

No. of animals per sex per dose:
6 (2 groups of three females in a stepwise manner)
Control animals:
no
Details on study design:
- Duration of observation period following administration: 14 days
- Frequency of observations and weighing:
Mortality/Viability: Twice daily.
Body weights: Days 1 (pre-administration), 8 and 15
Clinical signs: At periodic intervals on the day of dosing (Day 1) and once daily thereafter, until Day 15.
- Necropsy of survivors performed: At the end of the observation period, all animals were sacrificed by oxygen/carbon dioxide procedure and subjected to necropsy. Descriptions of all internal macroscopic abnormalities were recorded.
- Other examinations performed: none.
Statistics:
No statistical analysis was performed (The method used is not intended to allow the calculation of a precise LD50 value).

Results and discussion

Effect levels
Sex:
female
Dose descriptor:
LD50
Effect level:
> 2 000 mg/kg bw
Based on:
test mat.
Mortality:
No mortality occurred
Clinical signs:
Hunched posture was noted in all animals on Day 1.
Body weight:
The body weight gain shown by the animals over the study period was considered to be similar to that expected of normal untreated animals of the same age and strain.
Gross pathology:
No abnormalities were found at macroscopic post mortem examination of the animals.

Applicant's summary and conclusion

Interpretation of results:
GHS criteria not met
Conclusions:
In an acute oral toxicity study with female rats, performed according to OECD/EC test guidelines, an LD50 >2000 mg/kg bw was determined.

According to the OECD 423 test guideline, the LD50 cut-off value was considered to exceed 5000 mg/kg body weight.

Based on these results, CYASORB® UV-2908 Light Stabilizer does not have to be classified and has no obligatory labelling requirement for acute oral toxicity according to the:
- Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS) of the United Nations (2011),
- Regulation (EC) No 1272/2008 on classification, labelling and packaging of substances and mixtures.