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Guidance on Safe Use

Guidance on Safe Use

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First-aid measures

General advice

Remove contaminated, soaked clothing immediately and dispose of safely. First aider needs to protect himself.  

 

Inhalation

Keep at rest. Aerate with fresh air. When symptoms persist or in all cases of doubt seek medical advice.  

 

Eyes

Rinse immediately with plenty of water, also under the eyelids, for at least 15 minutes. Remove contact lenses. Immediate medical attention is required.  

 

Skin

Wash off immediately with soap and plenty of water. When symptoms persist or in all cases of doubt seek medical advice.  

 

Ingestion

Call a physician immediately. Do not induce vomiting without medical advice.  

 

Main symptoms

cough, dizziness, nausea, shortness of breath, unconsciousness, gastrointestinal discomfort.  

 

Special hazard

Lung irritation, Lung oedema, Dermatitis.  

 

Notes to physician

Treat symptomatically. If ingested, flush stomach and compensate acidosis. In case of lung irritation, first treatment with cortisone spray.

Fire-fighting measures

Suitable extinguishing media

foam, dry chemical, carbon dioxide (CO2), water spray  

 

Extinguishing media which must not be used for safety reasons

Do not use a solid water stream as it may scatter and spread fire.  

 

Special exposure hazards arising from the substance or preparation itself, its combustion products, or released gases

Under conditions giving incomplete combustion, hazardous gases produced may consist of:

carbon monoxide (CO)

carbon dioxide (CO2)

Combustion gases of organic materials must in principle be graded as inhalation poisons

Vapours are heavier than air and may spread along floors

Vapour/air-mixtures are explosive at intense warming  

 

Special protective equipment for fire-fighters

Fire fighter protection should include a self-contained breathing apparatus (NIOSH-approved or EN 133) and full fire-fighting turn out gear.  

 

Precautions for fire-fighting

Cool containers / tanks with water spray. Water run-off and vapor cloud may be corrosive. Water run-off can cause environmental damage. Dike and collect water used to fight fire. Keep people away from and upwind of fire.

Accidental release measures

Personal precautions

Avoid contact with skin and eyes. Avoid breathing vapors or mists. Keep people away from and upwind of spill/leak. Ensure adequate ventilation, especially in confined areas. Keep away from heat and sources of ignition.

For emergency responders: Personal protection see section 8.  

 

Environmental precautions

Prevent further leakage or spillage. Do not discharge product into the aquatic environment without pretreatment (biological treatment plant). Water runoff can cause environmental damage.  

 

Methods for containment

Stop the flow of material, if possible without risk. Dike spilled material, where this is possible.  

 

Methods for cleaning up

Soak up with inert absorbent material. Keep in suitable, closed containers for disposal. If liquid has been spilt in large quantities clean up promptly by scoop or vacuum. Dispose of in accordance with local regulations. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours).

Handling and storage

Handling  

Advice on safe handling

Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product. Provide sufficient air exchange and/or exhaust in work rooms.  

 

Advice on protection against fire and explosion

Keep away from sources of ignition - No smoking. Take necessary action to avoid static electricity discharge (which might cause ignition of organic vapours). In case of fire, emergency cooling with water spray should be available. Ground and bond containers when transferring material. Vapour/air-mixtures are explosive at intense warming.  

 

Advice on the protection of the environment

See Section 8: Environmental exposure controls.  

 

Storage  

Technical measures/Storage conditions

Keep containers tightly closed in a cool, well-ventilated place. Handle and open container with care. Keep at temperatures between 0 and 38 °C (32 and 100 °F).  

 

Suitable material

stainless steel, aluminium  

 

Unsuitable material

nickel, copper  

 

Advice on common storage

Incompatible products:

bases

amines

oxidizing agents  

 

Temperature class

T2

Transport information

Land transport (UN RTDG/ADR/RID)

UN number:
UN 3265
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Corrosive liquid, acidic, organic, n.o.s.
Chemical name:
(3-Methylbutyric acid)
Language:
English
Labels:
8 (corrosive)
Special provisions / remarks
Special provisions:
274
Remarks:
Hazard Number 80

Inland waterway transport (UN RTDG/ADN(R))

UN number:
UN 3265
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Corrosive liquid, acidic, organic, n.o.s.
Chemical name:
(3-Methylbutyric acid)
Language:
English
Labels:
8 (corrosive)
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
SP: 274
Classification relevant for ADN-Container

Marine transport (UN RTDG/IMDG)

UN number:
UN 3265
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Corrosive liquid, acidic, organic, n.o.s.
Chemical name:
(3-Methylbutyric acid)
Labels:
8 (corrosive)
Special provisions / remarks
Remarks:
SP: 274

Air transport (UN RTDG/ICAO/IATA)

UN number:
UN 3265
Shipping information
Proper shipping name and description:
Corrosive liquid, acidic, organic, n.o.s.
Chemical name:
(3-Methylbutyric acid)
Labels:
8 (corrosive)
Remarksopen allclose all
SpecialProvisionsopen allclose all

Exposure controls / personal protection

Occupational exposure controls

 

Engineering measures

General or dilution ventilation is frequently insufficient as the sole means of controlling employee exposure. Local ventilation is usually preferred. Explosion-proof equipment (for example fans, switches, and grounded ducts) should be used in mechanical ventilation systems.  

 

Personal protective equipment  

 

General industrial hygiene practice

Avoid contact with skin, eyes and clothing. Do not breathe vapours or spray mist. Ensure that eyewash stations and safety showers are close to the workstation location.  

 

Hygiene measures

When using, do not eat, drink or smoke. Take off all contaminated clothing immediately. Wash hands before breaks and immediately after handling the product.  

 

Respiratory protection

Respirator with A filter. Full mask with above mentioned filter according to producers using requirements or self-contained breathing apparatus. Equipment should conform to EN 136 or EN 140 and EN 143.  

 

Hand protection

Wear protective gloves. Recommendations are listed below. Other protective material may be used, depending on the situation, if adequate degradation and permeation data is available. If other chemicals are used in conjunction with this chemical, material selection should be based on protection for all chemicals present.  

 

 Suitable material nitrile rubber  

 Evaluation according to EN 374: level 6  

 Glove thickness approx 0,55 mm  

 Break through time > 480 min  

 

 Suitable material polyvinylchloride  

 Evaluation Information derived from practical experience  

 Glove thickness approx 0,8 mm  

 

Eye protection

Tightly fitting safety goggles. In addition to goggles, wear a face shield if there is a reasonable chance for splash to the face.  

Equipment should conform to EN 166  

 

Skin and body protection

Impervious clothing. Wear face-shield and protective suit for abnormal processing problems.  

 

Environmental exposure controls

If possible use in closed systems. If leakage can not be prevented, the substance needs to be suck off at the emersion point, if possible without danger. Observe the exposure limits, clean exhaust air if needed. If recycling is not practicable, dispose of in compliance with local regulations. Inform the responsible authorities in case of leakage into the atmosphere, or of entry into waterways, soil or drains.

Stability and reactivity

Stability

Stable under recommended storage conditions.  

 

Conditions to avoid

Avoid contact with heat, sparks, open flame and static discharge. Avoid any source of ignition.  

 

Materials to avoid

bases, amines, oxidizing agents.  

 

Hazardous decomposition products

No decomposition if stored and applied as directed.

Disposal considerations

Product Information

Disposal required in compliance with all waste management related state and local regulations. The choice of the appropriate method of disposal depends on the product composition by the time of disposal as well as the local statutes and possibilities for disposal.  

Hazardous waste according to European Waste Catalogue (EWC)  

 

Uncleaned empty packaging

Contaminated packaging should be emptied as far as possible and after appropriate cleansing may be taken for reuse.

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