Registration Dossier

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Please be aware that this old REACH registration data factsheet is no longer maintained; it remains frozen as of 19th May 2023.

The new ECHA CHEM database has been released by ECHA, and it now contains all REACH registration data. There are more details on the transition of ECHA's published data to ECHA CHEM here.

Diss Factsheets

Environmental fate & pathways

Endpoint summary

Administrative data

Description of key information

Additional information

According to column 2 of the REACH annexes on information requirements, no biodegradability tests should be conducted when the substance is inorganic. The substance is a multi constituent substance which consists of water and dissociating inorganic salts mainly. The substance itself does not biodegrade.

However, because of the importance of microorganism-mediated reactions in the natural sulfur cycle, this endpoint is not entirely irrelevant. When sulfide compounds such as Na2S and NaHS are released to the environment, the sulfur in the compounds will enter the natural sulfur cycle. In this cycle, sulfur transformations are mediated to an important extent by sulfur oxidizing and reducing microorganisms. In aerobic environments, sulfur oxidizing microorganisms will transform sulfides into - eventually - sulfates, whereas in anaerobic environments, sulfur reducing microorganisms will reduce oxidized sulfur compounds in the presence of reducing agents. Oxidation of reduced sulfur compounds has been detected in soils, freshwater and marine ecosystems, and biological waste water treatment plants. These findings demonstrate the wide distribution of sulfide transforming microorganisms. Half-lives for sulfide oxidation between 0.4 and 65 h have been reported, depending on the environment under consideration (Bagarinao, 1992). These half-lives represent half-lives based on combined abiotic and microorganism-mediated oxidation reactions.